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Rajeev Singh et al.
Oncotarget, 8(1), 833-845 (2016-12-03)
Hedgehog (Hh) signaling plays important roles in embryonic development and in tumor formation. Apart from the well-established stimulation of the GLI family of transcription factors, Hh ligands promote the phosphorylation and activation of mTOR and AKT kinases, yet the molecular
Hege Ugland et al.
Autophagy, 7(10), 1199-1211 (2011-07-14)
Autophagy plays an important role in cellular remodelling during differentiation and development, however little is known about its regulation in stem cells. Here we show that cAMP, a well-known differentiation factor for mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), is also a potent
Shaohong Wu et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 22(1), 117-126 (2020-05-08)
Acute liver failure (ALF) is a fatal liver disease characterized by severe hepatocyte destruction. MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) have been reported to serve a key role in a number of liver diseases. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate
Jeremias E G A Dold et al.
Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology, 22(7), 1243-1251 (2020-11-13)
Metabolic glycoengineering (MGE) is an established method to incorporate chemical reporter groups into cellular glycans for subsequent bioorthogonal labeling. The method has found broad application for the visualization and isolation of glycans allowing their biological roles to be probed. Furthermore
Anne Enzbrenner et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(17) (2021-09-11)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide, causes personal suffering and high socioeconomic costs. While there has been progress in the treatments for the neovascular form of AMD, no therapy is yet available for the
Jie Zhang et al.
Oncology letters, 12(4), 2835-2839 (2016-10-05)
The expression of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 is associated with proliferation in tumors. In order to investigate whether H19 may additionally mediate the proliferation of fibroblasts in human keloid disease, the present study collected samples from 24 subjects
Valentina Fodale et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e112262-e112262 (2014-12-03)
In Huntington's disease, expansion of a CAG triplet repeat occurs in exon 1 of the huntingtin gene (HTT), resulting in a protein bearing>35 polyglutamine residues whose N-terminal fragments display a high propensity to misfold and aggregate. Recent data demonstrate that
Simon M Bryant et al.
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 315(5), H1101-H1111 (2018-07-22)
Caveolin-3 (Cav-3) is a protein that has been implicated in t-tubule formation and function in cardiac ventricular myocytes. In cardiac hypertrophy and failure, Cav-3 expression decreases, t-tubule structure is disrupted, and excitation-contraction coupling is impaired. However, the extent to which
Jennifer McKey et al.
BMC biology, 14, 34-34 (2016-04-30)
Smooth muscle cell (SMC) plasticity maintains the balance between differentiated SMCs and proliferative mesenchymal progenitors, crucial for muscular tissue homeostasis. Studies on the development of mesenchymal progenitors into SMCs have proven useful in identifying molecular mechanisms involved in digestive musculature
Shafaat Hussain et al.
Circulation research, 127(10), 1261-1273 (2020-08-21)
Hyperglycemia -induced reactive oxygen species are key mediators of cardiac dysfunction. JunD (Jund proto-oncogene subunit), a member of the AP-1 (activator protein-1) family of transcription factors, is emerging as a major gatekeeper against oxidative stress. However, its contribution to redox
Gang Luo et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 18(1), 267-267 (2021-11-15)
Microglial polarization toward pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype are major contributors to the development of perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PNDs). Metabolic reprogramming plays an important role in regulating microglial polarization. We therefore hypothesized that surgical trauma can activate microglial M1 polarization by metabolic
Aaron Y Lai et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(6), 3666-3676 (2013-12-20)
Huntington disease is characterized by neuronal aggregates and inclusions containing polyglutamine-expanded huntingtin protein and peptide fragments (polyQ-Htt). We have used an established cell-based assay employing a PC12 cell line overexpressing truncated exon 1 of Htt with a 103-residue polyQ expansion
Laura J Wagstaff et al.
eLife, 10 (2021-01-22)
After nerve injury, myelin and Remak Schwann cells reprogram to repair cells specialized for regeneration. Normally providing strong regenerative support, these cells fail in aging animals, and during chronic denervation that results from slow axon growth. This impairs axonal regeneration
Yi Li et al.
Cancer biomarkers : section A of Disease markers, 26(1), 79-91 (2019-07-20)
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) , as the most prevalent type of lung carcinoma with high severity, is of urgent necessity to be investigated for novel therapeutic strategies. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are notable for their participation in cancer regulation
Andrew J Schwab et al.
Stem cell reports, 5(6), 1039-1052 (2015-12-15)
Mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) are the most-common genetic determinants of Parkinson's disease (PD). The G2019S mutation is detected most frequently and is associated with increased kinase activity. Whereas G2019S mutant dopamine neurons exhibit neurite elongation deficits, the
Olivera Evrova et al.
Biomaterials, 232, 119722-119722 (2020-01-07)
A major problem after tendon laceration is the low mechanical strength of the repaired tissue. One viable strategy for improving the functional and biomechanical properties of ruptured and repaired tendons is the delivery of growth factors at the injury site.
Arnab Chattopadhyay et al.
Scientific reports, 8(1), 9032-9032 (2018-06-15)
Having demonstrated that apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) mimetic peptides ameliorate cancer in mouse models, we sought to determine the mechanism for the anti-tumorigenic function of these peptides. CT-26 cells (colon cancer cells that implant and grow into tumors in the lungs)
Fangen Kong et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 15(3), 1419-1425 (2017-01-24)
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a disease associated with high mortality and morbidity. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of translation and have been reported to be associated with the pathogenesis of numerous cerebrovascular diseases, including ICH. The present study explored the
Jose M Santiago Santana et al.
Behavioural brain research, 400, 112995-112995 (2020-12-11)
There is growing recognition for a reciprocal, bidirectional link between anxiety disorders and obesity. Although the mechanisms linking obesity and anxiety remain speculative, this bidirectionality suggests shared pathophysiological processes. Neuroinflammation and oxidative damage are implicated in both pathological anxiety and
Francesco Bruni et al.
Human mutation, 39(4), 563-578 (2018-01-10)
In recent years, an increasing number of mitochondrial disorders have been associated with mutations in mitochondrial aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (mt-aaRSs), which are key enzymes of mitochondrial protein synthesis. Bi-allelic functional variants in VARS2, encoding the mitochondrial valyl tRNA-synthetase, were first reported
Mauricio Dos-Santos-Pereira et al.
Glia, 66(11), 2353-2365 (2018-11-06)
When activated, microglial cells have the potential not only to secrete typical proinflammatory mediators but also to release the neurotransmitter glutamate in amounts that may promote excitotoxicity. Here, we wished to determine the potential of the Parkinson's disease (PD) protein
Yin Xie et al.
Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England), 31(3), 844-844 (2014-01-28)
Checkpoint kinase 1 (CHEK1) is an evolutionarily conserved Ser/Thr kinase, which mediates cell-cycle arrest after DNA damage, and we previously reported that CHEK1 was overexpressed and associated with poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), indicating it was oncogenic gene. In
Shuxiang Wang et al.
Journal of animal science and biotechnology, 9, 63-63 (2018-09-07)
High-altitude pulmonary hypertension (HAPH) is a life-threating condition for animals in high altitude, and disturbance of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthesis contributes to its pathogenesis. N-carbamylglutamate (NCG), which enhances arginine synthesis, promotes endogenous synthesis of NO. In this study, we
J Duncombe et al.
Neuropathology and applied neurobiology, 43(6), 477-491 (2017-01-01)
Normal neurovascular coupling, mediated by the fine interplay and communication of cells within the neurovascular unit, is critical for maintaining normal brain activity and cognitive function. This study investigated whether, with advancing age there is disruption of neurovascular coupling and
Prabir Kumar Chakraborty et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 32(8), 4145-4157 (2018-03-02)
Deregulation of mitochondrial morphogenesis, a dynamic equilibrium between mitochondrial fusion and fission processes, is now evolving as a key metabolic event that fuels tumor growth and therapy resistance. However, fundamental knowledge underpinning how cancer cells reprogram mitochondrial morphogenesis remains incomplete.
Walter Blum et al.
BMC cancer, 18(1), 475-475 (2018-04-28)
The calcium-binding protein calretinin (gene name: CALB2) is currently considered as the most sensitive and specific marker for the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma (MM). MM is a very aggressive tumor strongly linked to asbestos exposure and with no existing cure
Michael P Grant et al.
Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.), 26(12), 2081-2091 (2012-10-19)
Calcium-sensing receptors (CaSRs) regulate systemic Ca(2+) homeostasis. Loss-of-function mutations cause familial benign hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) or neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism (NSHPT). FHH/NSHPT mutations can reduce trafficking of CaSRs to the plasma membrane. CaSR signaling is potentiated by agonist-driven anterograde CaSR trafficking
Wenge Zhu et al.
Cancer research, 69(11), 4870-4877 (2009-06-03)
Eukaryotic cells normally restrict genome duplication to once per cell division. In metazoa, re-replication of DNA during a single S phase seems to be prevented solely by suppressing CDT1 activity, a protein required for loading the replicative MCM DNA helicase.
Zhongle Cheng et al.
Oncology reports, 41(6), 3189-3200 (2019-04-20)
Actin-related protein 2/3 complex (ARPC2) is an actin‑binding component involved in the regulation of actin polymerization. It mediates the formation of branched actin networks and contacts the mother actin filament. Migration and invasion are key processes which enable tumor cells
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