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Vítor M Gaspar et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(2), 562-577 (2014-09-05)
Tumor targeting nanomaterials have potential for improving the efficiency of anti-tumoral therapeutics. However, the evaluation of their biological performance remains highly challenging. In this study we describe the synthesis of multifunctional nanoparticles decorated with folic acid-PEG and dual amino acid-modified
Yulong Chen et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 34(5), 1277-1285 (2014-09-06)
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The S-nitrosylation of proteins is involved in the regulation of cardiovascular functions. However, whether homocysteine (Hcy) impairs vascular functions through the inhibition of protein S-nitrosylation in the endothelium remains to be determined. The
Panagiotis Bouris et al.
Matrix biology : journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology, 43, 42-60 (2015-03-03)
The 17β-estradiol (E2)/estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) signaling pathway is one of the most important pathways in hormone-dependent breast cancer. E2 plays pivotal roles in cancer cell growth, survival, and architecture as well as in gene expression regulatory mechanisms. In this
Ye Zhao et al.
BMC cell biology, 15, 40-40 (2014-12-01)
Endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) has been shown to be a major source of myofibroblasts, contributing to kidney fibrosis. However, in vitro study of endothelial cells often relies on culture of isolated primary endothelial cells due to the unavailability of endothelial cell
Pedro L J Monteiro et al.
Theriogenology, 84(7), 1215-1224 (2015-08-10)
Three experiments were done to evaluate the effects of progesterone (P4) supplementation starting during metestrus on formation of the CL and on fertility of lactating dairy cows subjected to fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) or embryo transfer (ET). In experiment 1
Antonio Abengózar-Vela et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 56(4), 2709-2719 (2015-06-13)
To determine the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of quercetin (QCT) and/or resveratrol (RES) on human conjunctival (IOBA-NHC) and corneal (HCE) epithelial cell lines. IOBA-NHC and HCE cells were treated with QCT (0.5-25 μM), RES (0.5-50 μM) and a low-dose mixture
Ghada Bouguerra et al.
Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 37(4), 1537-1546 (2015-10-30)
The aldose reductase inhibitor zopolrestat has been shown to either decrease or increase apoptosis, the suicidal death of nucleated cells. Erythrocytes may similarly enter suicidal death or eryptosis, which is characterized by cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling with phosphatidylserine
Jaswinder Singh Maras et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 61(4), 1306-1320 (2014-12-06)
Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is an ailment with high incidence of multiorgan failure (MOF) and consequent mortality. Dysregulated iron homeostasis and macrophage dysfunction are linked to increased incidence of MOF. We investigated whether a panel of circulating iron-regulating proteins are
Vjera Grabovac et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 493(1-2), 374-379 (2015-08-05)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of molecular mass and thiol group content of poly(acrylic acid)-cysteine conjugates on the permeation of sulforhodamine 101 and penicillin G. acting as substrates for multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 efflux
Xian Li et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 169, 138-144 (2015-04-29)
15,16-Dihydrotanshinone I (DHT-I), isolated from the dried root of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bung, which is traditionally used to treat cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases agent in Chinese medicine. DHT-I has been reported to have a broad range of biological activities, including antibacterial
D A Zamora et al.
Atherosclerosis, 241(1), 69-78 (2015-05-13)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated formation of mixed disulfides between critical cysteine residues in proteins and glutathione, a process referred to as protein S-glutathionylation, can lead to loss of enzymatic activity and protein degradation. Since mitochondria are a major source of
Alexandra Schuetz et al.
PLoS pathogens, 10(12), e1004543-e1004543 (2014-12-17)
Mucosal Th17 cells play an important role in maintaining gut epithelium integrity and thus prevent microbial translocation. Chronic HIV infection is characterized by mucosal Th17 cell depletion, microbial translocation and subsequent immune-activation, which remain elevated despite antiretroviral therapy (ART) correlating
ZhanTao Zhu et al.
Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research, 38(6), 1510-1519 (2014-05-07)
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) continues to be a major cause of morbidity worldwide. The exact mechanisms for ALD pathogenesis are not fully understood. There is currently no known available drug for ALD. Previous studies have suggested that ethanol (EtOH)-induced hepatic
Cristian Pezzato et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7790-7790 (2015-07-22)
A fundamental difference exists in the way signal generation is dealt with in natural and synthetic systems. While nature uses the transient activation of signalling pathways to regulate all cellular functions, chemists rely on sensory devices that convert the presence
Yi Sun et al.
Journal of physiology and biochemistry, 71(4), 807-821 (2015-11-14)
Myeloid leukemia factor 1 (MLF1) was involved in t(3;5) chromosomal rearrangement and aberrantly expressed in myelodysplastic syndromes/acute myeloid leukemia patients. Ex vivo experiments showed that the lymphocytes from the Mlf1-deficient mice were more resistant to apoptotic stimulations than the wild-type
Ho-Hsien Lee et al.
IUCrJ, 1(Pt 5), 305-317 (2014-10-09)
CTB-MPR is a fusion protein between the B subunit of cholera toxin (CTB) and the membrane-proximal region of gp41 (MPR), the transmembrane envelope protein of Human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1), and has previously been shown to induce the production of
Jason M Wolfs et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(13), 8816-8829 (2014-07-12)
Targeting gene disruptions in complex genomes relies on imprecise repair by the non-homologous end-joining DNA pathway, creating mutagenic insertions or deletions (indels) at the break point. DNA end-processing enzymes are often co-expressed with genome-editing nucleases to enhance the frequency of
Jaroslava Lieskovská et al.
Parasites & vectors, 8, 275-275 (2015-05-16)
Transmission of pathogens by ticks is greatly supported by tick saliva released during feeding. Dendritic cells (DC) act as immunological sentinels and interconnect the innate and adaptive immune system. They control polarization of the immune response towards Th1 or Th2
Carmen A Banuelos et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107991-e107991 (2014-10-01)
Androgen ablation therapy causes a temporary reduction in tumor burden in patients with advanced prostate cancer. Unfortunately the malignancy will return to form lethal castration-recurrent prostate cancer (CRPC). The androgen receptor (AR) remains transcriptionally active in CRPC in spite of
Nicolas Aznar et al.
eLife, 4, e07091-e07091 (2015-07-01)
Wnt signaling is essential for tissue homeostasis and its dysregulation causes cancer. Wnt ligands trigger signaling by activating Frizzled receptors (FZDRs), which belong to the G-protein coupled receptor superfamily. However, the mechanisms of G protein activation in Wnt signaling remain
Harpreet Kaur et al.
Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology, 74(2), 177-185 (2015-01-13)
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is an aggressive pediatric central nervous system tumor. The poor prognosis of AT/RT warrants identification of novel therapeutic targets and strategies. High-mobility Group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) is a developmentally important chromatin-modifying protein that positively regulates tumor
Jing Wang et al.
Journal of vascular surgery, 62(6), 1615-1624 (2014-07-20)
Cathepsin G (CatG) is a serine protease that mediates angiotensin I to angiotensin II (Ang-II) conversion and is highly expressed in human abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). However, it remains untested whether this protease participates in the pathogenesis of AAA. Immunofluorescent
Michael S Hildebrand et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 17816-17816 (2015-12-10)
Febrile seizures (FS) are the most common seizure syndrome and are potentially a prelude to more severe epilepsy. Although zinc (Zn(2+)) metabolism has previously been implicated in FS, whether or not variation in proteins essential for Zn(2+) homeostasis contributes to
Sabrina Riedl et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1848(11 Pt A), 2918-2931 (2015-08-05)
Host defense-derived peptides have emerged as a novel strategy for the development of alternative anticancer therapies. In this study we report on characteristic features of human lactoferricin (hLFcin) derivatives which facilitate specific killing of cancer cells of melanoma, glioblastoma and
Mohamed K Hassan et al.
PloS one, 9(4), e94213-e94213 (2014-04-15)
This study describes the sensitization mechanism to thermal stress by histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) in lung cancer cells and shows that Ku70, based on its acetylation status, mediates the protection of lung cancer from hyperthermia (42.5°C, 1-6 hrs). Ku70 regulates
Ashok A Kumar et al.
American journal of hematology, 90(1), 31-36 (2014-09-30)
This paper demonstrates the enrichment of reticulocytes by centrifuging whole blood through aqueous multiphase systems (AMPSs)-immiscible phases of solutions of polymers that form step-gradients in density. The interfaces of an AMPS concentrate cells; this concentration facilitates the extraction of blood
C M Lee et al.
Genes and immunity, 16(5), 356-361 (2015-04-24)
Epithelium-specific Ets transcription factor 1 (ESE-1) is a member of the E26 transformation-specific family of transcription factors that has an epithelial-restricted constitutive expression but is induced by inflammatory stimuli in non-epithelial cells. Here we report that ESE-1 is constitutively expressed
Ina Kurth et al.
Oncotarget, 6(33), 34494-34509 (2015-10-16)
Despite recent advances in understanding of the molecular pathogenesis and improvement of treatment techniques, locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Compelling evidence suggests that cancer stem cells (CSC) may cause tumor
Hiroyuki Yamasaki et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0125147-e0125147 (2015-05-02)
Tramadol is thought to modulate synaptic transmissions in the spinal dorsal horn mainly by activating µ-opioid receptors and by inhibiting the reuptake of monoamines in the CNS. However, the precise mode of modulation remains unclear. We used an in vivo
Simon Asbjørn Larsen et al.
Immunologic research, 62(3), 263-272 (2015-05-13)
Breast cancer tumors are composed of heterogeneous cell populations. These populations display a high variance in morphology, growth and metastatic propensity. They respond differently to therapeutic interventions, and some may be more prone to cause recurrence. Studying individual subpopulations of
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