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Qi He et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0122452-e0122452 (2015-03-25)
The endocytosis of transferrin receptor (TfR) has served as a model to study the receptor-targeted cargo delivery system for cancer therapy for many years. To accurately evaluate and optically measure this TfR targeting delivery in vitro, a CHO cell line
Andrew Fulton et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1389, 128-132 (2015-03-10)
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are one of the fastest growing drug molecules targeting the treatment of diseases ranging from arthritis, immune disorders, and infectious diseases to cancer. Due to its unique application principle, antibodies are commonly produced in large quantities. Plants
Saif Ahmad et al.
Journal of neuroimmunology, 277(1-2), 96-104 (2014-12-03)
Traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) is associated with apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells. Local productions of reactive oxygen species and inflammatory mediators from activated microglial cells have been hypothesized to underlie apoptotic processes. We previously demonstrated that the anti-inflammatory effect of
Julia Hernandez-Rapp et al.
Behavioural brain research, 287, 15-26 (2015-03-31)
The miR-132/212 family is thought to play an important role in neural function and plasticity, while its misregulation has been observed in various neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, we analyzed 6-month-old miR-132/212 knockout mice in a battery of cognitive and
Huafang Su et al.
Journal of translational medicine, 13, 104-104 (2015-04-19)
Acquired radioresistance has significantly compromised the efficacy of radiotherapy for esophageal cancer. The purpose of this study is to investigate the roles of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in the acquirement of radioresistance during the radiation treatment
Preparation of extracts from higher eukaryotes.
J D Dignam
Methods in enzymology, 182, 194-203 (1990-01-01)
Paola M Boggiatto et al.
Microbes and infection, 16(4), 328-336 (2014-01-28)
Leishmania amazonensis infection promotes alteration of host cellular signaling and intracellular parasite survival, but specific mechanisms are poorly understood. We previously demonstrated that L. amazonensis infection of dendritic cells (DC) activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), an MAP-kinase kinase kinase, leading
Nancy Nader et al.
Developmental biology, 395(2), 355-366 (2014-09-16)
Vertebrate oocytes are naturally arrested at prophase of meiosis I for sustained periods of time before resuming meiosis in a process called oocyte maturation that prepares the egg for fertilization. Members of the constitutively active GPR3/6/12 family of G-protein coupled
Xiaojun Liu et al.
Oncology reports, 33(1), 157-162 (2014-11-15)
Lactate dehydrogenase A (LDH-A), which regulates glycolytic flux by catalyzing pyruvate to lactate in the cytoplasm, is believed to be one of the highly attractive therapeutic targets for cancers. Firstly, we detected the expression of LDH-A in gastric cancer (GC)
Haijie Ma et al.
Frontiers in microbiology, 12, 783633-783633 (2021-12-10)
Histone acetylation, which is critical for transcriptional regulation and various biological processes in eukaryotes, is a reversible dynamic process regulated by HATs and HDACs. This study determined the function of 6 histone acetyltransferases (HATs) (Gcn5, RTT109, Elp3, Sas3, Sas2, Nat3)
Thomas S Ream et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(8), 4163-4178 (2015-03-31)
Using affinity purification and mass spectrometry, we identified the subunits of Arabidopsis thaliana multisubunit RNA polymerases I and III (abbreviated as Pol I and Pol III), the first analysis of their physical compositions in plants. In all eukaryotes examined to
Mengmeng Cao et al.
Journal of virology, 88(24), 14078-14089 (2014-09-26)
The RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) of influenza A virus is a heterotrimeric complex composed of the PB1, PB2, and PA subunits. The interplay between host factors and the three subunits of the RdRp is critical to enable viral RNA synthesis
Rangarajan Padmanabhan et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(9), 1773-1786 (2015-03-22)
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is important for the formation of migratory neural crest cells during development and is co-opted in human diseases such as cancer metastasis. Chick premigratory cranial neural crest cells lose intercellular contacts, mediated in part by Cadherin-6B
Kazuo Hotta et al.
Anticancer research, 35(9), 4681-4689 (2015-08-09)
We investigated whether hepatic multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (ABCC2) is involved in the hepatobiliary excretion of regorafenib, a novel multi-kinase inhibitor, using Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and Eisai hyperbilirubinemic rats (EHBR) lacking the efflux transporter ABCC2. The involvement of organic anion-transporting
Ho-Hsien Lee et al.
IUCrJ, 1(Pt 5), 305-317 (2014-10-09)
CTB-MPR is a fusion protein between the B subunit of cholera toxin (CTB) and the membrane-proximal region of gp41 (MPR), the transmembrane envelope protein of Human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1), and has previously been shown to induce the production of
Ze-Tan Chen et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 12(2), 1868-1876 (2015-04-16)
It was previously reported that poly-(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) regulated ionizing radiation (IR)-induced autophagy in CNE-2 human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. The present study aimed to investigate whether PARP-1-mediated IR-induced autophagy occurred via activation of the liver kinase B1 (LKB1)/adenosine monophosphate-activated
Roberta Noberini et al.
Methods (San Diego, Calif.), 184, 19-28 (2019-10-13)
Aberrations in histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) have been implicated with the development of numerous pathologies, including cancer. Therefore, profiling histone PTMs in patient samples could provide information useful for the identification of epigenetic biomarkers, as well as for the discovery
Rohit K Singh et al.
The FEBS journal, 281(24), 5498-5512 (2014-10-09)
D-Phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PGDH) catalyzes the first committed step of the phosphorylated serine biosynthesis pathway. Here, we report for the first time, the crystal structures of Type IIIK PGDH from Entamoeba histolytica in the apo form, as well as in complexes
Paula Santoyo-Ramos et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e112580-e112580 (2014-11-15)
This study examined the role played by hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) in malignant phenotype maintenance and canonical Wnt signaling. Under normoxia, we determined that both HIF-1α and HIF-2α are expressed in human colon cancer cells but not in their non-malignant counterparts.
Han Qiao et al.
Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 36(9), 1085-1098 (2015-08-04)
Zoledronic acid (ZA), a bisphosphonate, is currently used in combination with chemotherapeutic agents to suppress breast cancer cell proliferation or breast cancer-induced osteolysis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ZA combined with a natural anticancer
Yang-peng Sun et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e101896-e101896 (2014-07-09)
Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) found in the synovial fluid (SFMSCs) of the tempromandibular joint (TMJ) remain poorly understood. During TMJ arthrocentesis, we discovered that synovial fluid collected from some patients with TMJ disorders contained not only SFMSCs but also
Jian-wei Zhang et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 90(3), 265-275 (2014-05-27)
Recently, several studies indicated that senescent tumor cells are resistant to apoptosis in chemotherapy. They may return to cell cycle, thus act as stumbling blocks in anticancer treatments. In the present study, we found that, in human colorectal cancer cells
Carla Ritagliati et al.
PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 9(4), e0003725-e0003725 (2015-04-16)
Trypanosoma cruzi is a protozoan pathogen responsible for Chagas disease. Current therapies are inadequate because of their severe host toxicity and numerous side effects. The identification of new biotargets is essential for the development of more efficient therapeutic alternatives. Inhibition
P S S Rao et al.
Psychopharmacology, 232(13), 2333-2342 (2015-01-27)
Several studies have demonstrated a correlation between extracellular glutamate concentration in the mesolimbic reward pathway and alcohol craving. Extracellular glutamate concentration is regulated by several glutamate transporters. Glial glutamate transporter 1 (GLT1) is one of them that regulates the majority
Yulong Chen et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 34(5), 1277-1285 (2014-09-06)
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The S-nitrosylation of proteins is involved in the regulation of cardiovascular functions. However, whether homocysteine (Hcy) impairs vascular functions through the inhibition of protein S-nitrosylation in the endothelium remains to be determined. The
Chris C-S Hsiung et al.
Genome research, 25(2), 213-225 (2014-11-06)
Mitosis entails global alterations to chromosome structure and nuclear architecture, concomitant with transient silencing of transcription. How cells transmit transcriptional states through mitosis remains incompletely understood. While many nuclear factors dissociate from mitotic chromosomes, the observation that certain nuclear factors
Ching-Yi Liu et al.
Oncotarget, 6(18), 15966-15983 (2015-05-13)
Modulations of cytoskeletal organization and focal adhesion turnover correlate to tumorigenesis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), the latter process accompanied by the loss of epithelial markers and the gain of mesenchymal markers (e.g., vimentin). Clinical microarray results demonstrated that increased levels
Eun Hyeon Song et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(5), 913-922 (2015-01-16)
Net1 isoform A (Net1A) is a RhoA GEF that is required for cell motility and invasion in multiple cancers. Nuclear localization of Net1A negatively regulates its activity, and we have recently shown that Rac1 stimulates Net1A relocalization to the plasma
Sun-Oh Jeong et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 12(1), 937-944 (2015-03-31)
Growing evidence suggests that the elevation of free fatty acids, including palmitic acid (PA), are associated with inflammation and oxidative stress, which may be involved in endothelial dysfunction, characterized by the reduced bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) synthesized from endothelial
Melissa Js MacEwen et al.
Life science alliance, 3(10) (2020-08-10)
The mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) is a calcium-activated calcium channel critical for signaling and bioenergetics. MCU, the pore-forming subunit of the uniporter, contains two transmembrane domains and is found in all major eukaryotic taxa. In amoeba and fungi, MCU homologs
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