We assessed focal adhesion kinase (FAK) response to concentric (CON) vs eccentric (ECC) resistance training (RT) at two vastus lateralis (VL) sites, and the relationships between FAK, muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and morphological remodelling. Six young males trained both legs unilaterally 3 times/week for 8 weeks; one leg performed CON RT, the contralateral performed ECC RT. Muscle biopsies were collected after training from VL mid-belly (MID) and distal (distal) sites at 0, 4, 8 weeks. Focal adhesion kinase content and activation were evaluated by immunoblotting. MPS was assessed by deuterium oxide tracer; morphological adaptations were evaluated by ultrasound and DXA. pY397-FAK 8 weeks levels were ~4-fold greater after ECC at the distal site compared to CON (P < .05); pY397FAK to total FAK ratio was greater in ECC vs CON at 4 (~2.2-fold, P < .05) and 8 weeks (~9-fold, P < .001) at the distal site. Meta-vinculin was found transiently increased at 4 weeks at the distal site only after ECC RT. ECC presented greater fascicle length (Lf) increases (10.5% vs 4%), whereas CON showed greater in pennation angle (PA) changes (12.3% vs 2.1%). MPS did not differ between exercise types or muscle sites at all time points. distal pY397-FAK and pY397-FAK/FAK values correlated to changes in Lf at 8 weeks (r = .76, P < .01 and r = .66, P < .05 respectively). Focal adhesion kinase phosphorylation was greater at 8 weeks after ECC RT and was muscle region-specific. FAK activity correlated to contraction-dependent architectural remodelling, suggesting a potential role of FAK in orienting muscle structural changes in response to distinct mechanical stimuli.