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  • Targeted Lipid Nanoemulsions Encapsulating Epigenetic Drugs Exhibit Selective Cytotoxicity on CDH1-/FOXM1+ Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells.

Targeted Lipid Nanoemulsions Encapsulating Epigenetic Drugs Exhibit Selective Cytotoxicity on CDH1-/FOXM1+ Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells.

Molecular pharmaceutics (2019-03-19)
Bumjun Kim, Caroline D Pena, Debra T Auguste
要旨

The plasticity of cancer epigenetics makes them plausible candidates for therapeutic intervention. We took advantage of elevated expression of lysophosphatidic acid receptor 1 (LPAR1) in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) tissues to target decitabine (DAC) and panobinostat (PAN) to breast cancer cells. DAC and PAN were shown to reverse abnormal methylation of DNA and altered chromatin structure, respectively, leading to increased expression of tumor suppressor genes and decreased expression of oncogenes. Although DAC and PAN have therapeutic benefits, they are limited by chemical instability and systemic toxicity. Herein, we present LPAR1-targeted, lipid nanoemulsions (LNEs) encapsulating both DAC and PAN. Our results demonstrated that the cell uptake and in vivo biodistribution of LNEs was dependent on LPAR1 expression in TNBCs. DAC/PAN-LNEs were effective in inhibiting the growth of mesenchymal breast cancer cells by restoring CDH1/E-cadherin and suppressing forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) expression. Epithelial breast cancer cells that inherently express low FOXM1 and high CDH1 were unaffected by DAC/PAN-LNEs. Overall, we successfully designed LPAR1-targeted LNEs that selectively act on CDH1(low)/FOXM1(high) TNBC cell lines.

材料
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ブランド
製品内容

Sigma-Aldrich
Monoclonal Anti-LPAR1 antibody produced in mouse, clone 2E2, purified immunoglobulin, buffered aqueous solution
Sigma-Aldrich
α,α-Dicyanoethyl acetate, 98%

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