Merck
  • Home
  • Search Results
  • Essential role of autophagy in protecting neonatal haematopoietic stem cells from oxidative stress in a p62-independent manner.

Essential role of autophagy in protecting neonatal haematopoietic stem cells from oxidative stress in a p62-independent manner.

Scientific reports (2021-01-20)
Naho Nomura, Chiaki Ito, Takako Ooshio, Yuko Tadokoro, Susumu Kohno, Masaya Ueno, Masahiko Kobayashi, Atsuko Kasahara, Yusuke Takase, Kenta Kurayoshi, Sha Si, Chiaki Takahashi, Masaaki Komatsu, Toru Yanagawa, Atsushi Hirao
ABSTRACT

Autophagy is a cellular degradation system contributing to homeostasis of tissue stem cells including haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). It plays pleiotropic roles in HSC characteristics throughout life, but its stage-specific roles in HSC self-renewal are unclear. To investigate the effects of Atg5 deletion on stage-specific HSC functions, we compared the repopulating capacity of HSCs in Atg5f/f;Vavi-cre mice from postnatal day (P) 0-7 weeks of age. Interestingly, Atg5 deficiency led to no remarkable abnormality in the HSC self-renewal capacity at P0, but significant defects at P7, followed by severe defects. Induction of Atg5 deletion at P5 by tamoxifen administration to Atg5f/f;Rosa26-Cre-ERT2 mice resulted in normal haematopoiesis, including the HSC population, until around 1 year, suggesting that Atg5 in the early neonatal period was critical for haematopoiesis in adults. Mitochondrial oxidative stress was increased by Atg5 loss in neonatal HSC/progenitor cells. Although p62 had accumulated in immature bone marrow cells of Atg5f/f;Vavi-cre mice, p62 deletion did not restore defective HSC functions, indicating that Atg5-dependent haematopoietic regulation in the developmental period was independent of p62. This study proposes a critical role of autophagy in HSC protection against harsh environments in the early neonatal stage, which is essential for healthy long-term haematopoiesis.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
テトラメチルローダミンメチルエステルパークロレート, ≥95%