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  • The pan-histone deacetylase inhibitor LBH589 (panobinostat) alters the invasive breast cancer cell phenotype.

The pan-histone deacetylase inhibitor LBH589 (panobinostat) alters the invasive breast cancer cell phenotype.

International journal of oncology (2013-12-25)
Nicoletta Fortunati, Francesca Marano, Andrea Bandino, Roberto Frairia, Maria Graziella Catalano, Giuseppe Boccuzzi
要旨

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a very aggressive type of tumour and its aggressiveness is linked to E-cadherin downregulation. In estrogen-sensitive breast cancer, high levels of E-cadherin fit with high levels of ERα and MTA3 (a component of the transcription Mi-2/NuRD complex with intrinsic DAC activity). In TNBC the E-cadherin downregulation could be due to epigenetic silencing of the CDH1 gene as well as to the lack of a fully functioning ERα-activated pathway. We report that the pan-histone deacetylase inhibitor LBH589, a potent anti-proliferative agent, induced E-cadherin expression on cell membranes of MDA-MB-231 cells (TNBC), determining a reduction of cell invasion and migration. Even though E-cadherin expression in breast cancer is also regulated by estradiol and the ERα/MTA3/Snail/Slug pathway, LBH589 is able to increase E-cadherin without affecting the estrogen pathway. In fact, no expression of ERα, PR and FoxA1 was observed in MDA-MB-231 cells before and after LBH589 treatment; furthermore, the drug caused an increase in Snail and Slug expression with a concomitant reduction of MTA3 levels. Taking into consideration its anti-proliferative and anti-invasive properties, we suggest the use of LBH589 in aggressive breast cancer refractory to hormonal therapy.

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