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  • The KSR2-calcineurin complex regulates STIM1-ORAI1 dynamics and store-operated calcium entry (SOCE).

The KSR2-calcineurin complex regulates STIM1-ORAI1 dynamics and store-operated calcium entry (SOCE).

Molecular biology of the cell (2014-03-29)
E Giurisato, A Gamberucci, C Ulivieri, S Marruganti, E Rossi, E Giacomello, D Randazzo, V Sorrentino
ABSTRACT

Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) is the predominant Ca(2+) entry mechanism in nonexcitable cells and controls a variety of physiological and pathological processes. Although significant progress has been made in identifying the components required for SOCE, the molecular mechanisms underlying it are elusive. The present study provides evidence for a direct involvement of kinase suppressor of Ras 2 (KSR2) in SOCE. Using lymphocytes and fibroblasts from ksr2(-/-) mice and shKSR2-depleted cells, we find that KSR2 is critical for the elevation of cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration. Specifically, our results show that although it is dispensable for Ca(2+)-store depletion, KSR2 is required for optimal calcium entry. We observe that KSR2 deficiency affects stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1)/ORAI1 puncta formation, which is correlated with cytoskeleton disorganization. Of interest, we find that KSR2-associated calcineurin is crucial for SOCE. Blocking calcineurin activity impairs STIM1/ORAI1 puncta-like formation and cytoskeleton organization. In addition, we observe that calcineurin activity and its role in SOCE are both KSR2 dependent.

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