Merck

iRhom1 regulates proteasome activity via PAC1/2 under ER stress.

Scientific reports (2015-06-26)
WonJae Lee, YoungDoo Kim, Jisu Park, SangMi Shim, Jieun Lee, Se-hoon Hong, Hye-Hyun Ahn, Huikyong Lee, Yong-Keun Jung
ABSTRACT

Proteasome is a protein degradation complex that plays a major role in maintaining cellular homeostasis. Despite extensive efforts to identify protein substrates that are degraded through ubiquitination, the regulation of proteasome activity itself under diverse signals is poorly understood. In this study, we have isolated iRhom1 as a stimulator of proteasome activity from genome-wide functional screening using cDNA expression and an unstable GFP-degron. Downregulation of iRhom1 reduced enzymatic activity of proteasome complexes and overexpression of iRhom1 enhanced it. Native-gel and fractionation analyses revealed that knockdown of iRhom1 expression impaired the assembly of the proteasome complexes. The expression of iRhom1 was increased by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stressors, such as thapsigargin and tunicamycin, leading to the enhancement of proteasome activity, especially in ER-containing microsomes. iRhom1 interacted with the 20S proteasome assembly chaperones PAC1 and PAC2, affecting their protein stability. Moreover, knockdown of iRhom1 expression impaired the dimerization of PAC1 and PAC2 under ER stress. In addition, iRhom1 deficiency in D. melanogaster accelerated the rough-eye phenotype of mutant Huntingtin, while transgenic flies expressing either human iRhom1 or Drosophila iRhom showed rescue of the rough-eye phenotype. Together, these results identify a novel regulator of proteasome activity, iRhom1, which functions via PAC1/2 under ER stress.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

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