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  • Brazilin Limits Inflammatory Responses through Induction of Prosurvival Autophagy in Rheumatoid Fibroblast-Like Synoviocytes.

Brazilin Limits Inflammatory Responses through Induction of Prosurvival Autophagy in Rheumatoid Fibroblast-Like Synoviocytes.

PloS one (2015-08-22)
Hyunji Lee, Seong Wook Kang, Hee Sun Byun, Juhee Jeon, Kyeong Ah Park, Kidong Kang, Wonhyoung Seo, Minho Won, Jeong Ho Seok, Man-Deuk Han, Han-Ming Shen, Gang Min Hur
ABSTRACT

Brazilin is an active compound of Caesalpinia sappan L. (Leguminosae), which possesses pro-apoptotic and anti-inflammation potentials depending on the specific cell type. However, it is largely unknown whether autophagy is implicated in the mechanism underlying its chemotherapeutic and anti-inflammatory effects in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Here, we show that treatment of RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) with brazilin results in enhanced level of autophagic flux, evidenced by accumulation of autophagosome and increased level of lipidated LC3 (LC3-II), which is mainly mediated by enhanced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Interestingly, long-term exposure of brazilin was able to restore cell survival against the cytotoxity, exclusively in RA FLS, but not in normal fibroblast. Importantly, such a restoration from brazilin-induced cytotoxity in RA FLS was completely abrogated after co-treatment with autophagy inhibitors including NH4Cl or chloroquine. Furthermore, we found that the pretreatment of RA FLS with brazilin reduced LPS- or TNF-induced NF-κB activation and the secretion of inflammatory cytokines in parallel with the enhanced autophagic flux. Such anti-NF-κB potentials of brazilin were drastically masked in RA FLS when autophagy was suppressed. These results suggest that brazilin is capable of activating autophagy exclusively in RA FLS, and such inducible autophagy promotes cell survival and limits inflammatory response.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
抗アクチン ウサギ宿主抗体, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution
Sigma-Aldrich
抗LC3B ウサギ宿主抗体, ~1 mg/mL, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution