All Photos(1)



Insulin, human

recombinant (yeast)

Insulin human
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
MDL number:

Quality Level


non-sterile; 0.2 μm filtered


>98% (SDS-PAGE)


lyophilized (clear, colorless solution after reconstitution)

specific activity

>26 units/mg protein (At least the same specific activity (EC<sub>50</sub>) compared to the indicated standard is guaranteed.)

mol wt

5,700 Da


pkg of 100 mg




cell culture | mammalian: suitable


<0.1 EU/μg endotoxin (LAL test)


water: soluble

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.


InChI key


Gene Information

human ... INS(3630)

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

Recombinant Insulin, human, is produced in yeast and purified by standard chromatographic techniques. Insulin regulates blood glucose. In muscles and adipocytes it stimulates glucose intake and metabolism. It also controls the expression and various enzymes.


Insulin, human, is active on most mammalian cells.


Insulin shows a broad range of activities on a variety of somatic cells. Recombinant human insulin can be used to stimulate growth and proliferation of cultured cells and to investigate insulin activity on sensitive cells used in research studies. It is also a component of serum-free media formulations for most primary cells and cell lines.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Two-chain polypeptide hormone produced by the β-cells of pancreatic islets. Its molecular weight is ~5800 Da. The α and β chains are joined by two interchain disulfide bonds. The α chain contains an intrachain disulfide bond. Insulin regulates the cellular uptake, utilization, and storage of glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids and inhibits the breakdown of glycogen, protein, and fat.

Other Notes

InChI: 1S/C257H383N65O77S6/c1-29-131(23)205(313-193(339)104-259)252(393)317-204(130(21)22)248(389)288-159(75-82-200(349)350)217(358)282-156(71-78-189(263)335)221(362)308-183-116-403-404-117-184-243(384)305-178(111-324)240(381)294-162(88-123(7)8)225(366)295-168(95-140-53-61-146(329)62-54-140)228(369)283-154(69-76-187(261)333)218(359)290-161(87-122(5)6)223(364)285-158(74-81-199(347)348)220(361)302-174(101-190(264)336)235(376)298-170(97-142-57-65-148(331)66-58-142)231(372)309-182(242(383)304-176(255(396)397)103-192(266)338)115-402-401-114-181(214(355)273-107-194(340)278-153(72-79-197(343)344)216(357)281-151(51-42-84-271-257(267)268)212(353)272-108-195(341)279-166(93-138-46-36-32-37-47-138)227(368)297-167(94-139-48-38-33-39-49-139)230(371)299-171(98-143-59-67-149(332)68-60-143)238(379)320-208(135(27)327)254(395)322-85-43-52-186(322)246(387)286-152(50-40-41-83-258)222(363)321-209(136(28)328)256(398)399)311-250(391)203(129(19)20)316-236(377)164(90-125(11)12)292-229(370)169(96-141-55-63-147(330)64-56-141)296-224(365)160(86-121(3)4)289-210(351)133(25)277-215(356)157(73-80-198(345)346)287-247(388)202(128(17)18)315-237(378)165(91-126(13)14)293-233(374)173(100-145-106-270-120-276-145)301-239(380)177(110-323)280-196(342)109-274-213(354)180(113-400-405-118-185(310-244(183)385)245(386)319-207(134(26)326)253(394)306-179(112-325)241(382)318-206(132(24)30-2)251(392)312-184)307-226(367)163(89-124(9)10)291-232(373)172(99-144-105-269-119-275-144)300-219(360)155(70-77-188(262)334)284-234(375)175(102-191(265)337)303-249(390)201(127(15)16)314-211(352)150(260)92-137-44-34-31-35-45-137/h31-39,44-49,53-68,105-106,119-136,150-186,201-209,323-332H,29-30,40-43,50-52,69-104,107-118,258-260H2,1-28H3,(H2,261,333)(H2,262,334)(H2,263,335)(H2,264,336)(H2,265,337)(H2,266,338)(H,269,275)(H,270,276)(H,272,353)(H,273,355)(H,274,354)(H,277,356)(H,278,340)(H,279,341)(H,280,342)(H,281,357)(H,282,358)(H,283,369)(H,284,375)(H,285,364)(H,286,387)(H,287,388)(H,288,389)(H,289,351)(H,290,359)(H,291,373)(H,292,370)(H,293,374)(H,294,381)(H,295,366)(H,296,365)(H,297,368)(H,298,376)(H,299,371)(H,300,360)(H,301,380)(H,302,361)(H,303,390)(H,304,383)(H,305,384)(H,306,394)(H,307,367)(H,308,362)(H,309,372)(H,310,385)(H,311,391)(H,312,392)(H,313,339)(H,314,352)(H,315,378)(H,316,377)(H,317,393)(H,318,382)(H,319,386)(H,320,379)(H,321,363)(H,343,344)(H,345,346)(H,347,348)(H,349,350)(H,396,397)(H,398,399)(H4,267,268,271)/t131-,132-,133-,134+,135+,136+,150-,151-,152-,153-,154-,155-,156-,157-,158-,159-,160-,161-,162-,163-,164-,165-,166-,167-,168-,169-,170-,171-,172-,173-,174-,175-,176-,177-,178-,179-,180-,181-,182-,183-,184-,185-,186-,201-,202-,203-,204-,205-,206-,207-,208-,209-/m0/s1
For life science research only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.


Endotoxin level: <0.1EU/μg (LAL-test)
Note: 1 EU corresponds to 0.1ng


A-chain: 21 AS, B-chain: 30 AS, connected by two disulfide bridges
Two polypeptide chains (A-chain: 21 amino acids, B-chain: 30 amino acids, connected by two disulfide bridges) identical to natural, human insulin.

Unit Definition

EC50 definition: The concentration of human insulin that is required to support half-maximal stimulation of cell proliferation (MTT cleavage) with 3T3 (A31) cells.

Physical form

Lyophilizate from a hydrochloric acid solution (pH 2.3) (crystalline insulin)

Preparation Note

Working concentration: 1-10 μg/ml
Recommended concentration for serum-free cell culture is 1-10 μg/ml.
The concentration of insulin required for stimulation of cell growth in almost all cases is extraordinarily high compared with the physiological concentration. Insulin may be mimicking insulin-like growth factors (IGFs, somatomedins) for some cell lines, and high insulin concentrations may be necessary to occupy receptors which have a high affinity for IGFs and a lower affinity for insulin.
Working solution: Dissolve Insulin, human, recombinant (100 mg or 500 mg), in sterile, double-dist. water (final concentration: 10 mg/ml).
Storage conditions (working solution): -15 to -25 °C
The reconstituted, undiluted solution is stable at -15 to -25 °C.

Note: Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.


Reconstitute in sterile double-distilled water (final concentration 10 mg/ml), further dilution with PBS (phosphate buffered saline) or medium containing 1 mg/ml (0.1%) BSA (bovine serum albumin) [or HSA (human serum albumin)], or 1 to 10% serum.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Hayma Hammoud et al.
Acta physiologica (Oxford, England), 232(2), e13623-e13623 (2021-02-10)
We examined if tonic γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-activated currents in primary hippocampal neurons were modulated by insulin in wild-type and tg-APPSwe mice, an Alzheimer's disease (AD) model. GABA-activated currents were recorded in dentate gyrus (DG) granule cells and CA3 pyramidal neurons
The insulin signaling system.
M F White et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 269(1), 1-4 (1994-01-07)
Linda Jacobsen et al.
BioTechniques, 47(1), 617-624 (2009-07-15)
Transfection is used to introduce a gene of interest into a cell. To interpret the downstream results, understanding which effects are the true biological responses to the gene and which, if any, are off-target effects can be difficult. In order
Rafael Contreras-Montoya et al.
ACS applied materials & interfaces, 13(10), 11672-11682 (2021-03-05)
Protein therapeutics have a major role in medicine in that they are used to treat diverse pathologies. Their three-dimensional structures not only offer higher specificity and lower toxicity than small organic compounds but also make them less stable, limiting their
Renata M Martin et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 2713-2713 (2020-06-03)
Despite their rapidly-expanding therapeutic potential, human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived cell therapies continue to have serious safety risks. Transplantation of hPSC-derived cell populations into preclinical models has generated teratomas (tumors arising from undifferentiated hPSCs), unwanted tissues, and other types of

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service