Merck
All Photos(1)

03835

Supelco

γ-Aminobutyric acid

analytical standard

Synonym(s):
3-Carboxypropylamine, 4-Aminobutanoic acid, GABA, Piperidic acid, Piperidinic acid
Linear Formula:
NH2(CH2)3COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
103.12
Beilstein:
906818
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

grade

analytical standard

Quality Level

assay

≥97.0% (HPLC)

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

analyte chemical class(es)

amino acids, peptides, proteins

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

≤1.0% water

mp

195 °C (dec.) (lit.)

application(s)

cleaning products
cosmetics
flavors and fragrances
food and beverages
personal care

format

neat

SMILES string

NCCCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C4H9NO2/c5-3-1-2-4(6)7/h1-3,5H2,(H,6,7)

InChI key

BTCSSZJGUNDROE-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

γ-Aminobutyric acid is a chief inhibitory neurotransmitter, which is found in the cerebellum, hypothalamus, thalamus and hippocampus.[1] It is formed via the decarboxylation of L-glutamate catalyzed by the enzyme, glutamic acid decarboxylase(GAD).[1]

Biochem/physiol Actions

Major inhibitory neurotransmitter in brain; GABAA and GABAB receptor agonist; increases Cl conductance.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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