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21223

Sigma-Aldrich

Hydroxyapatite

purum p.a., ≥90% (as Ca3(PO4)2, KT)

Synonym(s):
Durapatite, Hydroxylapatite, Calcium phosphate hydroxide
Linear Formula:
3Ca3(PO4)2 · Ca(OH)2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
502.31
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

purum p.a.

assay

≥90% (as Ca3(PO4)2, KT)

form

powder

impurities

≤5% water (KFT)

loss

≤10% loss on ignition, 800 °C

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤500 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤2000 mg/kg

cation traces

Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤20 mg/kg
Fe: ≤400 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤10 mg/kg

SMILES string

[Ca++].[Ca++].[Ca++].[Ca++].O[Ca+].[O-]P([O-])([O-])=O.[O-]P([O-])([O-])=O.[O-]P([O-])([O-])=O

InChI

1S/5Ca.3H3O4P.H2O/c;;;;;3*1-5(2,3)4;/h;;;;;3*(H3,1,2,3,4);1H2/q5*+2;;;;/p-10

InChI key

XYJRXVWERLGGKC-UHFFFAOYSA-D

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General description

Bone and tooth implant materials have been prepared from polycrystalline hydroxyapatite. The compressive, flexural, torsional and dynamic torsional strengths of polycrystalline hydroxyapatite were investigated. Electrophoretic deposition of hydroxyapatite on to flat titanium plate material has been studied.
Hydroxyapatite is a bioceramic mainly found in minerals of bone and teeth. Due to its high biocompatibility and similarity with inorganic components found in hard tissues, it is mainly used to produce biocomposites and prostheses for bones and teeth replacement.

Application

Hydroxyapatite may be used in the preparation of bioceramic specimens by incorporation of a small amount of silicon (0.4wt%) into the structure of hydroxyapatite. It may be used for the preparation of porous microstructures, having important prosthetic applications.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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