Merck
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G0750

Sigma-Aldrich

D-(+)-Galactose

≥99%

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Synonym(s):
Galactose
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C6H12O6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
180.16
Beilstein:
1724619
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

biological source

bovine (Ruminant- Cow, Ox, Buffalo)

Quality Level

Assay

≥99%

form

powder

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

≤0.1% glucose

color

white

useful pH range

5.0-7 (25 °C, 180 g/L)

mp

168-170 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: soluble 100 mg/mL, clear, colorless

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

OC[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)C=O

InChI

1S/C6H12O6/c7-1-3(9)5(11)6(12)4(10)2-8/h1,3-6,8-12H,2H2/t3-,4+,5+,6-/m0/s1

InChI key

GZCGUPFRVQAUEE-KCDKBNATSA-N

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This Item
G062548260G5388
D-(+)-Galactose ≥99%

Sigma-Aldrich

G0750

D-(+)-Galactose

-
D-(+)-Galactose ≥98%

Sigma-Aldrich

G0625

D-(+)-Galactose

-
D-(+)-Galactose suitable for microbiology, ≥99.0%

Millipore

48260

D-(+)-Galactose

-
D-(+)-Galactose powder, anhydrous, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture

Sigma-Aldrich

G5388

D-(+)-Galactose

Essential+ Grade
assay

≥99%

assay

≥98%

assay

≥99.0% (sum of enantiomers, HPLC)

assay

≥99%

form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable, cell based assay: suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

cell culture | insect: suitable, cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

≤0.1% glucose

impurities

-

impurities

-

impurities

≤0.1% glucose

color

white

color

white to off-white

color

-

color

white

Application

Galactose has been used:
  • as a component of galactosyltransferase labeling buffer.
  • as a supplement in MRS broth for the growth of thermophilic lactobacilli
  • to induce the expression of uncoupling protein (UCP) in yeast transformants

Biochem/physiol Actions

Galactose is a simple monosaccharide that serves as an energy source and as an essential component of glycolipids and glycoproteins. Galactose contributes to energy metabolism via its conversion to glucose by the enzymes that constitute the Leloir pathway. Defects in the genes encoding these proteins lead to the metabolic disorder galactosemia.

Other Notes

To gain a comprehensive understanding of our extensive range of Monosaccharides for your research, we encourage you to visit our Carbohydrates Category page.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificates of Analysis (COA)

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T1503
Product Number
-
25G
Pack Size/Quantity

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705578-5MG-PW

PL860-CGA/SHF-1EA

MMYOMAG-74K-13

1000309185

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K W Turner et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 45(6), 1932-1934 (1983-06-01)
The ability to ferment galactose is a major characteristic which can be used to differentiate Lactobacillus helveticus (galactose positive) from Lactobacillus lactis and Lactobacillus bulgaricus (galactose negative). In milk cultures, galactose-positive strains produced d- and l-lactic acid with little galactose
D L Murdza-Inglis et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 269(10), 7435-7438 (1994-03-11)
The uncoupling protein is one of a family of mitochondrial transport proteins involved in energy metabolism. It dissipates oxidative energy to generate heat, either by catalyzing proton transport directly or by catalyzing fatty acid anion transport, thus enabling fatty acids
Hwa-Young Lee et al.
Redox biology, 37, 101727-101727 (2020-10-04)
Oxidative stress attributable to the activation of a Nox4-containing NADPH oxidase is involved in aging-associated vascular dysfunction. However, the Nox4-induced signaling mechanism for the vascular alteration in aging remains unclear. In an aged aorta, the expression of Nox4 mRNA and
Inge E Krabbendam et al.
Cell death & disease, 11(4), 263-263 (2020-04-25)
Metabolic flexibility is an essential characteristic of eukaryotic cells in order to adapt to physiological and environmental changes. Especially in mammalian cells, the metabolic switch from mitochondrial respiration to aerobic glycolysis provides flexibility to sustain cellular energy in pathophysiological conditions.
L Mortimer et al.
Mucosal immunology, 7(4), 829-841 (2013-11-21)
Entamoeba histolytica (Eh) is an extracellular protozoan parasite of the human colon, which occasionally breaches the intestinal barrier. Eradicating ameba that invades is essential for host survival. A defining but uncharacterized feature of amebic invasion is direct contact between ameba

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