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I0320000

Insulin (porcine)

European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard

Synonym(s):
Insulin from hog pancreas, Insulin from porcine pancreas
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C256H381N65O76S6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
5777.54
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.24

grade

pharmaceutical primary standard

manufacturer/tradename

EDQM

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

format

neat

InChI key

NOESYZHRGYRDHS-ZYCCASTOSA-N

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General description

This product is provided as delivered and specified by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. All information provided in support of this product, including SDS and any product information leaflets have been developed and issued under the Authority of the Issuing Pharmacopoeia. For further information and support please go to the website of the issuing Pharmacopoeia.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Two-chain polypeptide hormone produced by the β-cells of pancreatic islets. Its molecular weight is ~5800 Da. The α and β chains are joined by two interchain disulfide bonds. The α chain contains an intrachain disulfide bond. Insulin regulates the cellular uptake, utilization, and storage of glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids and inhibits the breakdown of glycogen, protein, and fat.

Packaging

Unit quantity: 9.2 mg. Subject to change. The product is delivered as supplied by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. For the current unit quantity, please visit the EDQM reference substance catalogue.

Other Notes

InChI: 1S/C256H381N65O76S6/c1-29-131(23)205(313-193(337)104-258)251(391)317-204(130(21)22)247(387)288-159(75-82-200(347)348)217(357)282-156(71-78-189(262)333)221(361)308-183-116-401-402-117-184-242(382)305-178(111-323)239(379)294-162(88-123(7)8)224(364)295-168(95-140-53-61-146(327)62-54-140)227(367)283-154(69-76-187(260)331)218(358)290-161(87-122(5)6)222(362)285-158(74-81-199(345)346)220(360)302-174(101-190(263)334)234(374)298-170(97-142-57-65-148(329)66-58-142)230(370)309-182(241(381)304-176(255(396)397)103-192(265)336)115-400-399-114-181(213(353)272-107-194(338)278-153(72-79-197(341)342)216(356)281-151(51-42-84-270-256(266)267)211(351)271-108-195(339)279-166(93-138-46-36-32-37-47-138)226(366)297-167(94-139-48-38-33-39-49-139)229(369)299-171(98-143-59-67-149(330)68-60-143)237(377)320-208(136(28)326)253(393)321-85-43-52-186(321)245(385)286-152(50-40-41-83-257)214(354)277-134(26)254(394)395)311-249(389)203(129(19)20)316-235(375)164(90-125(11)12)292-228(368)169(96-141-55-63-147(328)64-56-141)296-223(363)160(86-121(3)4)289-209(349)133(25)276-215(355)157(73-80-198(343)344)287-246(386)202(128(17)18)315-236(376)165(91-126(13)14)293-232(372)173(100-145-106-269-120-275-145)301-238(378)177(110-322)280-196(340)109-273-212(352)180(113-398-403-118-185(310-243(183)383)244(384)319-207(135(27)325)252(392)306-179(112-324)240(380)318-206(132(24)30-2)250(390)312-184)307-225(365)163(89-124(9)10)291-231(371)172(99-144-105-268-119-274-144)300-219(359)155(70-77-188(261)332)284-233(373)175(102-191(264)335)303-248(388)201(127(15)16)314-210(350)150(259)92-137-44-34-31-35-45-137/h31-39,44-49,53-68,105-106,119-136,150-186,201-208,322-330H,29-30,40-43,50-52,69-104,107-118,257-259H2,1-28H3,(H2,260,331)(H2,261,332)(H2,262,333)(H2,263,334)(H2,264,335)(H2,265,336)(H,268,274)(H,269,275)(H,271,351)(H,272,353)(H,273,352)(H,276,355)(H,277,354)(H,278,338)(H,279,339)(H,280,340)(H,281,356)(H,282,357)(H,283,367)(H,284,373)(H,285,362)(H,286,385)(H,287,386)(H,288,387)(H,289,349)(H,290,358)(H,291,371)(H,292,368)(H,293,372)(H,294,379)(H,295,364)(H,296,363)(H,297,366)(H,298,374)(H,299,369)(H,300,359)(H,301,378)(H,302,360)(H,303,388)(H,304,381)(H,305,382)(H,306,392)(H,307,365)(H,308,361)(H,309,370)(H,310,383)(H,311,389)(H,312,390)(H,313,337)(H,314,350)(H,315,376)(H,316,375)(H,317,391)(H,318,380)(H,319,384)(H,320,377)(H,341,342)(H,343,344)(H,345,346)(H,347,348)(H,394,395)(H,396,397)(H4,266,267,270)/t131-,132-,133-,134-,135+,136+,150-,151-,152-,153-,154-,155-,156-,157-,158-,159-,160-,161-,162-,163-,164-,165-,166-,167-,168-,169-,170-,171-,172-,173-,174-,175-,176-,177-,178-,179-,180-,181-,182-,183-,184-,185-,186-,201-,202-,203-,204-,205-,206-,207-,208-/m0/s1
Sales restrictions may apply.

Caution

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Vinegar decreases postprandial hyperglycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes.
Panayota Mitrou et al.
Diabetes care, 33(2), e27-e27 (2010-01-28)
Arnaud Agin et al.
Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine, 44(11), 1379-1382 (2006-11-08)
In clinical studies involving rapid-acting analogues (RAAs), insulin immunoreactivity is frequently measured, including endogenous, regular insulin (RI) and RAA immunoreactivities. Such a procedure implies equivalent cross-reactivities of all insulins present in serum. Commercially available human insulin immunoassays have been widely
Morten Donsmark et al.
Diabetes technology & therapeutics, 11(9), 581-585 (2009-09-22)
Easy-to-use insulin devices are an important tool in the treatment of diabetes. In this study, injection force requirements and dosage scale displays were evaluated for NovoPen 3 and NovoPen 4 (both from Novo Nordisk A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark). To simulate 5
J S Christiansen et al.
Diabetes, obesity & metabolism, 12(2), 105-114 (2009-11-10)
Some patients with type 2 diabetes continue to have high postprandial blood glucose levels on twice-daily regimens of 'low-ratio' premix insulin formulations (up to 30% rapid-acting, with 70% protracted insulin). These patients require intensified insulin therapy, which can be provided
Miroslava Gojnic et al.
The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians, 25(10), 2028-2034 (2012-04-07)
Evaluation of adjuvant insulin therapy effects on glycemic control, perinatal outcome and postpuerperal glucose tolerance in impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) pregnant women who failed to achieve desired glycemic control by dietary regime. A total of 280 participants were classified in

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