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H9523

Sigma-Aldrich

Serotonin hydrochloride

powder

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Synonym(s):
3-(2-Aminoethyl)-5-hydroxyindole hydrochloride, 5-HT, 5-Hydroxytryptamine hydrochloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C10H12N2O · HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
212.68
Beilstein:
3570963
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Assay

≥98%

Quality Level

form

powder

color

white to off-white

mp

149-154 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 17 mg/mL
0.1 M HCl: 22 mg/mL
ethanol: 5.3 mg/mL

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

Cl[H].NCCc1c[nH]c2ccc(O)cc12

InChI

1S/C10H12N2O.ClH/c11-4-3-7-6-12-10-2-1-8(13)5-9(7)10;/h1-2,5-6,12-13H,3-4,11H2;1H

InChI key

MDIGAZPGKJFIAH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... HTR3A(3359)

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General description

Serotonin is a ubiquitous molecule found in all animals. It shows diverse effects in the central and peripheral nervous system (CAN/PNS). Serotonin acts as a hormone and as a mitogen. It is produced in the axon terminal present in the brain. Action potential induces the release of serotonin that diffuses across the synapse to turn on the post-synaptic receptors. Serotonin plays a crucialrole in development, respiration, thermoregulation, endocrine, cardiovascular, and gastrointestinal functions. It also plays a role in sensory perceptional behaviors such as the sleep-wake cycle, sex, mood, memory, aggression, pain sensitivity, learning, and cognition. Serotonin impacts several psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, anorexia nervosa, depression, and a range of anxiety disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic attacks, and social phobia. Variations in serotonin levels are associated withimpulse-related disorders or personalities like substance abuse, gambling, attention deficit disorder, obsessive-control, and aggression.

Application

Serotonin hydrochloride hasbeen used: to study the mechanisms of 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor antagonistsregulate fibrosis in liver spheroids, to study its effects on theextracellular-related-kinase (ERK) phosphorylation in human embryonic kidneycells, in transwell assay, wound healing assay and tumor allograft assay incolon carcinoma cell line

Biochem/physiol Actions

Neurotransmitter.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Biogenic Amine Transporters page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Preparation Note

Solutions should be freshly prepared.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Repr. 2

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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