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I2643

Sigma-Aldrich

Insulin human

recombinant, expressed in yeast (proprietary host)

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Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C257H383N65O77S6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
5807.57
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.32

biological source

human

recombinant

expressed in yeast (proprietary host)

sterility

non-sterile

Assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

potency

≥27.5 units/mg (dried basis)

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

solubility

0.01 M HCl: 20 mg/mL, clear, colorless

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

InChI key

PBGKTOXHQIOBKM-FHFVDXKLSA-N

Gene Information

human ... INS(3630)

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1 of 4

This Item
I150711376497001I3536
vibrant-m

I2643

Insulin human

vibrant-m

I1507

Insulin human

vibrant-m

11376497001

Insulin, human

vibrant-m

I3536

Insulin human

recombinant

expressed in yeast (proprietary host)

recombinant

-

recombinant

-

recombinant

expressed in yeast

biological source

human

biological source

semisynthetic

biological source

-

biological source

-

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

assay

>98% (SDS-PAGE)

assay

-

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

-

shipped in

ambient

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

Application

Insulin human has been used:
  • in the culture medium needed for the adipogenesis of ASCs (adipose-derived stem cells)
  • to study the effect of insulin in the young and aged brains of rats.
  • to study the effect of insulin on the inflammatory actions of protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) using mice model.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Two-chain polypeptide hormone produced by the β-cells of pancreatic islets. Its molecular weight is ~5800 Da. The α and β chains are joined by two interchain disulfide bonds. The α chain contains an intrachain disulfide bond. Insulin regulates the cellular uptake, utilization, and storage of glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids and inhibits the breakdown of glycogen, protein, and fat.

Other Notes

InChI: 1S/C257H383N65O77S6/c1-29-131(23)205(313-193(339)104-259)252(393)317-204(130(21)22)248(389)288-159(75-82-200(349)350)217(358)282-156(71-78-189(263)335)221(362)308-183-116-403-404-117-184-243(384)305-178(111-324)240(381)294-162(88-123(7)8)225(366)295-168(95-140-53-61-146(329)62-54-140)228(369)283-154(69-76-187(261)333)218(359)290-161(87-122(5)6)223(364)285-158(74-81-199(347)348)220(361)302-174(101-190(264)336)235(376)298-170(97-142-57-65-148(331)66-58-142)231(372)309-182(242(383)304-176(255(396)397)103-192(266)338)115-402-401-114-181(214(355)273-107-194(340)278-153(72-79-197(343)344)216(357)281-151(51-42-84-271-257(267)268)212(353)272-108-195(341)279-166(93-138-46-36-32-37-47-138)227(368)297-167(94-139-48-38-33-39-49-139)230(371)299-171(98-143-59-67-149(332)68-60-143)238(379)320-208(135(27)327)254(395)322-85-43-52-186(322)246(387)286-152(50-40-41-83-258)222(363)321-209(136(28)328)256(398)399)311-250(391)203(129(19)20)316-236(377)164(90-125(11)12)292-229(370)169(96-141-55-63-147(330)64-56-141)296-224(365)160(86-121(3)4)289-210(351)133(25)277-215(356)157(73-80-198(345)346)287-247(388)202(128(17)18)315-237(378)165(91-126(13)14)293-233(374)173(100-145-106-270-120-276-145)301-239(380)177(110-323)280-196(342)109-274-213(354)180(113-400-405-118-185(310-244(183)385)245(386)319-207(134(26)326)253(394)306-179(112-325)241(382)318-206(132(24)30-2)251(392)312-184)307-226(367)163(89-124(9)10)291-232(373)172(99-144-105-269-119-275-144)300-219(360)155(70-77-188(262)334)284-234(375)175(102-191(265)337)303-249(390)201(127(15)16)314-211(352)150(260)92-137-44-34-31-35-45-137/h31-39,44-49,53-68,105-106,119-136,150-186,201-209,323-332H,29-30,40-43,50-52,69-104,107-118,258-260H2,1-28H3,(H2,261,333)(H2,262,334)(H2,263,335)(H2,264,336)(H2,265,337)(H2,266,338)(H,269,275)(H,270,276)(H,272,353)(H,273,355)(H,274,354)(H,277,356)(H,278,340)(H,279,341)(H,280,342)(H,281,357)(H,282,358)(H,283,369)(H,284,375)(H,285,364)(H,286,387)(H,287,388)(H,288,389)(H,289,351)(H,290,359)(H,291,373)(H,292,370)(H,293,374)(H,294,381)(H,295,366)(H,296,365)(H,297,368)(H,298,376)(H,299,371)(H,300,360)(H,301,380)(H,302,361)(H,303,390)(H,304,383)(H,305,384)(H,306,394)(H,307,367)(H,308,362)(H,309,372)(H,310,385)(H,311,391)(H,312,392)(H,313,339)(H,314,352)(H,315,378)(H,316,377)(H,317,393)(H,318,382)(H,319,386)(H,320,379)(H,321,363)(H,343,344)(H,345,346)(H,347,348)(H,349,350)(H,396,397)(H,398,399)(H4,267,268,271)/t131-,132-,133-,134+,135+,136+,150-,151-,152-,153-,154-,155-,156-,157-,158-,159-,160-,161-,162-,163-,164-,165-,166-,167-,168-,169-,170-,171-,172-,173-,174-,175-,176-,177-,178-,179-,180-,181-,182-,183-,184-,185-,186-,201-,202-,203-,204-,205-,206-,207-,208-,209-/m0/s1

related product

Product No.
Description
Pricing

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

nwg

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Linda Adzovic et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 12, 63-63 (2015-04-19)
The role of insulin in the brain is still not completely understood. In the periphery, insulin can decrease inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS); however, whether insulin can reduce inflammation within the brain is unknown. Experiments administrating intranasal insulin to young
Leanne De Koning et al.
EMBO molecular medicine, 1(3), 178-191 (2010-01-06)
Mammalian cells contain three closely related heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) isoforms, HP1alpha, beta and gamma, which, by analogy to their unique counterpart in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, have been implicated in gene silencing, genome stability and chromosome segregation. However, the individual importance
Theresia Gutmann et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 219(1) (2019-11-16)
Glucose homeostasis and growth essentially depend on the hormone insulin engaging its receptor. Despite biochemical and structural advances, a fundamental contradiction has persisted in the current understanding of insulin ligand-receptor interactions. While biochemistry predicts two distinct insulin binding sites, 1
Eric Hyun et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 184(5), 2702-2709 (2010-02-02)
Given the anti-inflammatory effects of insulin in human and animal studies done in vivo and given the signaling pathways in common between insulin and the protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR(2)), a G protein-coupled receptor, we hypothesized that insulin would have an
Per Magnus Haram et al.
Cardiovascular research, 81(4), 723-732 (2008-12-03)
The recent development of a rat model that closely resembles the metabolic syndrome allows to study the mechanisms of amelioration of the syndrome by exercise training. Here, we compared the effectiveness for reducing cardiovascular risk factors by exercise training programmes

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