I6634

Sigma-Aldrich

Insulin from bovine pancreas

powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C254H377N65O75S6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
5733.49
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

product line

BioReagent

form

powder

potency

≥25 USP units per mg

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

solubility

acetic acid: 2 mg/mL (pH: 2-3)
hydrochloric acid: 2 mg/mL (pH: 2-3)

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

InChI key

IXIBAKNTJSCKJM-BUBXBXGNSA-N

Gene Information

cow ... INS(280829)

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Application

Insulin is used as a growth factor in many mammalian cell culture systems.
  • Insulin from bovine pancreas has been used for the differentiation of MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells) to adipocytes.
  • It has been used for culturing of various cells.
  • It has also been used to study insulin-mediated inhibition of the HMGCS2 (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) synthase) gene.

Packaging

50, 100, 250, 500 mg in poly bottle
1 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Two-chain polypeptide hormone produced by the β-cells of pancreatic islets. Its molecular weight is ~5800 Da. The α and β chains are joined by two interchain disulfide bonds. The α chain contains an intrachain disulfide bond. Insulin regulates the cellular uptake, utilization, and storage of glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids and inhibits the breakdown of glycogen, protein, and fat.

Other Notes

InChI: 1S/C254H377N65O75S6/c1-29-131(24)205(312-192(334)103-256)250(389)317-204(130(22)23)246(385)287-158(74-81-199(344)345)216(355)281-155(70-77-188(260)330)220(359)307-183-116-399-400-117-184-242(381)305-177(110-321)238(377)293-161(87-122(6)7)223(362)294-167(94-139-52-60-145(324)61-53-139)226(365)282-153(68-75-186(258)328)217(356)289-160(86-121(4)5)221(360)284-157(73-80-198(342)343)219(358)301-173(100-189(261)331)233(372)297-169(96-141-56-64-147(326)65-57-141)229(368)308-182(241(380)303-175(253(393)394)102-191(263)333)115-398-396-113-180(212(351)270-106-193(335)277-152(71-78-196(338)339)215(354)280-150(50-41-83-268-254(264)265)210(349)269-107-194(336)278-165(92-137-45-35-31-36-46-137)225(364)296-166(93-138-47-37-32-38-48-138)228(367)298-170(97-142-58-66-148(327)67-59-142)236(375)318-206(135(28)323)251(390)319-84-42-51-185(319)244(383)285-151(49-39-40-82-255)213(352)276-134(27)252(391)392)310-248(387)202(128(18)19)315-234(373)163(89-124(10)11)291-227(366)168(95-140-54-62-146(325)63-55-140)295-222(361)159(85-120(2)3)288-207(346)132(25)274-214(353)156(72-79-197(340)341)286-245(384)201(127(16)17)314-235(374)164(90-125(12)13)292-231(370)172(99-144-105-267-119-273-144)300-237(376)176(109-320)279-195(337)108-271-211(350)179(112-395-397-114-181(309-243(183)382)240(379)275-133(26)208(347)304-178(111-322)239(378)316-203(129(20)21)249(388)311-184)306-224(363)162(88-123(8)9)290-230(369)171(98-143-104-266-118-272-143)299-218(357)154(69-76-187(259)329)283-232(371)174(101-190(262)332)302-247(386)200(126(14)15)313-209(348)149(257)91-136-43-33-30-34-44-136/h30-38,43-48,52-67,104-105,118-135,149-185,200-206,320-327H,29,39-42,49-51,68-103,106-117,255-257H2,1-28H3,(H2,258,328)(H2,259,329)(H2,260,330)(H2,261,331)(H2,262,332)(H2,263,333)(H,266,272)(H,267,273)(H,269,349)(H,270,351)(H,271,350)(H,274,353)(H,275,379)(H,276,352)(H,277,335)(H,278,336)(H,279,337)(H,280,354)(H,281,355)(H,282,365)(H,283,371)(H,284,360)(H,285,383)(H,286,384)(H,287,385)(H,288,346)(H,289,356)(H,290,369)(H,291,366)(H,292,370)(H,293,377)(H,294,362)(H,295,361)(H,296,364)(H,297,372)(H,298,367)(H,299,357)(H,300,376)(H,301,358)(H,302,386)(H,303,380)(H,304,347)(H,305,381)(H,306,363)(H,307,359)(H,308,368)(H,309,382)(H,310,387)(H,311,388)(H,312,334)(H,313,348)(H,314,374)(H,315,373)(H,316,378)(H,317,389)(H,318,375)(H,338,339)(H,340,341)(H,342,343)(H,344,345)(H,391,392)(H,393,394)(H4,264,265,268)/t131-,132-,133-,134-,135+,149-,150-,151-,152-,153-,154-,155-,156-,157-,158-,159-,160-,161-,162-,163-,164-,165-,166-,167-,168-,169-,170-,171-,172-,173-,174-,175-,176-,177-,178-,179-,180-,181-,182-,183-,184-,185-,200-,201-,202-,203-,204-,205-,206-/m0/s1

Physical form

powder-0 °C; solution stable 2-8 °C, 1 year

Reconstitution

Insulin has low solubility at neutral pH. It can be solubilized at 2 mg/ml in dilute acetic or hydrochloric acid, pH 2-3.

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. What is the comparison between International Units (IU) and USP units for insulin?

    The international unit (IU) of insulin is based on the International Standard Preparation of Bioassay (1958). The standard preparation is a mixture of 52% bovine and 48% porcine insulin, containing 24 units/mg. Reference: Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed., p. 392. High purity bovine pancreatic insulin typically assays at approximately 27 USP units per mg. So the IU and USP unit are not identical, but they are approximately 1:1.

  3. What can be used to make a solution of insulin?

    Insulin is soluble in dilute acids and alkalis. The solubility of insulin is tested at 2 mg/mL in water (acidified to pH 2 with hydrochloric acid). One can also use 1 mL of water acidified to pH 2 with 10 μL of glacial acetic acid to dissolve 2 mg of insulin. A 10 mg/mL solution of bovine insulin in 25 mM HEPES at pH 8.2 is offered as Product No. I0516.

  4. How can I store the insulin solution?  How long?

    The USP recommends that solutions of insulin be stored at 2-8°C. It is not recommended to freeze solutions of insulin, as it can aggregate. Sterile solutions should be stable for at least 1 year at 2-8°C.

  5. What is the amino acid sequence for Product I6634, Insulin from bovine pancreas?

    The sequence and structure of insulin can be found on the product information sheet (under Documents, above).

  6. How many units of insulin are present in my vial of Product I6634, Insulin from bovine pancreas?

    Product No. I6634 has a specification of not less than 27 USP units/mg.  The exact value for the product received can be found the on lot-specific Certificate of Analysis.

  7. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  8. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  9. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  10. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Boah Lee et al.
PloS one, 12(8), e0183569-e0183569 (2017-08-29)
Pancreatic islets can adapt to oscillatory glucose to produce synchronous insulin pulses. Can islets adapt to other oscillatory stimuli, specifically insulin? To answer this question, we stimulated islets with pulses of exogenous insulin and measured their Ca2+ oscillations. We observed...
Noncanonical K27-linked polyubiquitination of TIEG1 regulates Foxp3 expression and tumor growth.
Peng DJ et al.
Journal of Immunology, 186, 5638-5638 (2011)
Down-regulation of the mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase gene by insulin: the role of the forkhead transcription factor FKHRL1.
Nadal A et al.
The Biochemical Journal, 366, 289-289 (2002)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I gene expression in single neurons of the central nervous system: differential regulation by interferon (IFN)-gamma and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha.
Neumann H et al.
The Journal of Experimental Medicine, 185, 305-305 (1997)
CCL2/CCR2 chemokine signaling coordinates survival and motility of breast cancer cells through Smad3 protein- and p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-dependent mechanisms.
Fang WB et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 287, 36593-36593 (2012)

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