Merck
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L4900

Sigma-Aldrich

Lonidamine

mitochondrial hexokinase inhibitor

Synonym(s):
1-(2,4-Dichlorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxylic acid, Diclondazolic acid
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C15H10Cl2N2O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
321.16
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (TLC)

form

powder

solubility

chloroform: methanol (1:1): 9.80-10.20 mg/mL, clear, colorless to light yellow

SMILES string

OC(=O)c1nn(Cc2ccc(Cl)cc2Cl)c3ccccc13

InChI

1S/C15H10Cl2N2O2/c16-10-6-5-9(12(17)7-10)8-19-13-4-2-1-3-11(13)14(18-19)15(20)21/h1-7H,8H2,(H,20,21)

InChI key

WDRYRZXSPDWGEB-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Application

Lonidamine has been used:
  • as an inhibitor of glycolysis to study its effects on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) mechanism in cancer stem cells (CSC)
  • as mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT)- inducing drug to study its effects on temozolomide-resistant glioblastoma cell line
  • as mitochondrial hexokinase inhibitor to measure reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human acute myeloid leukemia cells

Packaging

5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lonidamine (LND) is an indazole derivative and is an anti-spermatogenic agent. It exhibits anti-tumor activity by sensitizing tumors to photodynamic, chemo-, radiotherapy, and hyperthermia. LND also interferes with energy metabolism by blocking glycolysis, adenosine diphosphate (ADP-), and uncoupler-stimulated respiration on various nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD-) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)-linked substrates, hexokinase activity, and oxygen uptake in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. It blocks lactate export and pyruvate uptake into the mitochondria by inhibiting proton-linked monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) and mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (MPC), respectively.
Inhibits the energy metabolism of neoplastic cells by interfering with hexokinase and disrupting uncoupler-stimulated mitochondrial electron transport; damages cell and mitochondrial membranes.

Pictograms

Exclamation markHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Carc. 2 - Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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