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O1877

Sigma-Aldrich

Ochratoxin A

from Petromyces albertensis, ≥98% (HPLC)

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Synonym(s):
N-[(3R)-(5-Chloro-8-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-oxo-7-isochromanyl)carbonyl]-L-phenylalanine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C20H18ClNO6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
403.81
Beilstein:
1301486
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

biological source

Petromyces albertensis

Quality Level

Assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

impurities

Benzene, free

solubility

ethanol: soluble

Mode of action

enzyme | inhibits
protein synthesis | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

C[C@@H]1Cc2c(Cl)cc(c(O)c2C(=O)O1)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc3ccccc3)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C20H18ClNO6/c1-10-7-12-14(21)9-13(17(23)16(12)20(27)28-10)18(24)22-15(19(25)26)8-11-5-3-2-4-6-11/h2-6,9-10,15,23H,7-8H2,1H3,(H,22,24)(H,25,26)/t10-,15+/m1/s1

InChI key

RWQKHEORZBHNRI-BMIGLBTASA-N

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This Item
CRM46912O300734037
Ochratoxin A from Petromyces albertensis, ≥98% (HPLC)

O1877

Ochratoxin A

Ochratoxin A solution certified reference material, 50 μg/mL in benzene: acetic acid (99:1), ampule of 1 mL

CRM46912

Ochratoxin A solution

Ochratoxin A solution 10 μg/mL in acetonitrile, analytical standard

34037

Ochratoxin A solution

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

assay

-

assay

-

assay

-

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

-

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

-10 to -25°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

−20°C

solubility

ethanol: soluble

solubility

-

solubility

-

solubility

methanol: soluble 5 mg/mL, clear, yellow(lit.)

biological source

Petromyces albertensis

biological source

-

biological source

-

biological source

-

Application

Ochratoxin A has been used as a mycotoxin:
  • to test its effect on metabolism and hypoxia in human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells
  • to test its cytotoxic effects in bovine mammary epithelial cells
  • as a standard for gamma radiation studies with food products and in cytotoxic studies using Hep G2 cells

Biochem/physiol Actions

Ochratoxin A (OTA), a renal toxin, is produced majorly by Aspergillus and Penicillium fungal species. It is immunotoxic, teratogenic myelotoxic, and mutagenic. It effectively interrupts the intestinal barrier functions. OTA displays a long elimination half-life and stimulates the major inflammatory cytokines release.
Ochratoxin A is a mycotoxin found in food that is nephrotoxic and carcinogenic in the kidney and induces differentiation in cloned renal cell lines. Increases endoplasmic reticulum ATP-dependent Ca2+ pump activity.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Oral - Carc. 2

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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A Dörrenhaus et al.
Archives of toxicology, 71(11), 709-713 (1997-01-01)
In cultured rat hepatocytes the mycotoxin ochratoxin A (OTA) induced unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) only in a narrow concentration range. Using a culture medium supplemented with 1% fetal calf serum, at 750 nM OTA a weak induction and at 1
A Pfohl-Leszkowicz et al.
Molecular carcinogenesis, 23(2), 76-85 (1998-11-10)
Ochratoxin A (OTA), a nephrotoxic and carcinogenic mycotoxin, is implicated in the etiology of Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN), a chronic disease affecting populations in the Balkans. Patients suffering from Balkan endemic nephropathy, urinary-tract tumors, or both are more frequently extensive
C E Groves et al.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN, 10(1), 13-20 (1999-01-16)
Primary cultures of rabbit renal proximal tubule cells grown under improved culture conditions were used to study the transepithelial transport of the nephrotoxic mycotoxin ochratoxin A. The basal-to-apical transepithelial flux, i.e., secretion, of this fluorescence organic acid was measured in
X Chong et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 44(7), 1401-1409 (1992-10-06)
A disruption of calcium homeostasis, leading to a sustained increase in cytosolic calcium levels, has been associated with cytotoxicity in response to a variety of agents in different cell types. We have observed that administration of a single high dose
G Dirheimer et al.
IARC scientific publications, 115(115), 171-186 (1991-01-01)
Ochratoxin A has a number of toxic effects in mammals, the most notable of which is nephrotoxicity. It is also immunosuppressive, teratogenic and carcinogenic. The biochemical and molecular aspects of its action were first studied in bacteria. The appearance of

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