Merck
All Photos(1)

P1585

Sigma-Aldrich

PMA

for use in molecular biology applications, ≥99% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
PKC Activator, croton oil, 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate, Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, phorbol ester, PMA, NF-κB Activator, TPA, 4β,9α,12β,13α,20-Pentahydroxytiglia-1,6-dien-3-one 12-tetradecanoate 13-acetate, protein kinase C activator
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C36H56O8
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
616.83
Beilstein:
2407201
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.52

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology

assay

≥99% (HPLC)

form

film

storage condition

protect from light

solubility

DMSO: soluble (DMSO solutions can be stored dark at −20 °C for at least six months.)
ethanol: soluble (Dissolve in water-miscible organic solvent prior to preparing aqueous solutions)

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CCCCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)O[C@@H]1[C@@H](C)[C@@]2(O)C(C=C(CO)C[C@@]3(O)C2C=C(C)C3=O)C4C(C)(C)[C@]14OC(C)=O

InChI

1S/C36H56O8/c1-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-29(39)43-32-24(3)35(42)27(30-33(5,6)36(30,32)44-25(4)38)20-26(22-37)21-34(41)28(35)19-23(2)31(34)40/h19-20,24,27-28,30,32,37,41-42H,7-18,21-22H2,1-6H3/t24-,27+,28-,30-,32-,34-,35-,36-/m1/s1

InChI key

PHEDXBVPIONUQT-RGYGYFBISA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

PMA (Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate) is an activator of protein kinase C (PKC) and a known tumor promoting agent. PMA also exhibits clastogenic (chromosome-breaking) activity.
Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) can induce the activity of PLD1 (phospholipase D1) but not PLD2 (phospholipase D2).

Through the protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathway, PMA is a tumor promoter associated with:

  • gene transcription
  • cell growth
  • cell differentiation
  • programmed cell death
  • immune pathway
  • receptor desensitization

Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate is used to study:

  • growth factors
  • hormones
  • cytokines-mediated regulation of cellular growth and differentiation

Application

Suitable for
  • molecular biology studies as standard
  • analytical studies of tumor promoters
  • promotion of cell growth
PMA has been used:
  • for the detection of intracellular cytokines
  • in CellROX oxidative stress assay
  • for Huh7 cell stimulation to investigate dipeptidyl peptidase 9 (DPP9) re-distribution
  • as a positive control in B-cell receptor (BCR) stimulation of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) cells
  • in the differentiation of monocytes (THP -1) into macrophages

Biochem/physiol Actions

Potent tumor promoter; activates protein kinase C in vivo and in vitro.
Potent tumor promoter; activates protein kinase C (PKC) in vivo and in vitro.

Features and Benefits

  • Stimulation of interleukin 2 production of Jurkat cells
  • T-cell stimulation
  • Protein kinase C (PKC) activator
  • NF-κB Activator
  • Promotion of cell growth
  • Used in analytical studies of tumor promoters
  • Molecular Biology grade

Caution

Photosensitive, protect from light.

Analysis Note

  • Stimulation of interleukin 2 production of Jurkat cells
  • T-cell stimulation
  • Protein kinase C (PKC) activator
  • NF-κB Activator
  • Promotion of cell growth
  • Used in analytical studies of tumor promoters
  • Molecular Biology grade

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 1 Dermal - Acute Tox. 1 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 2 Oral - Carc. 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

More Documents

Quotes and Ordering

Related Content

Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate Molecular Biology Reagent Protocol

T-cell activation is normally triggered by the interaction of a cell surface receptor to its specific ligand molecule

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service