All Photos(2)



Tumor Necrosis Factor-α human

TNF-α, recombinant, expressed in E. coli, powder, suitable for cell culture

TNF-α, hTNF-α
CAS Number:
MDL number:

Quality Level

biological source



expressed in E. coli


≥97% (SDS-PAGE)




0.02-0.3 ng/mL ED50/EC50


endotoxin tested

mol wt

~17.4 kDa


pkg of 5x10 μg
pkg of 10 μg

storage condition

avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles


cell culture | mammalian: suitable


<1 EU/μg

UniProt accession no.

storage temp.


Gene Information

human ... TNF(7124)

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide


TNF-α include stimulating growth of human fibroblasts and other cell lines activating polymorphonuclear neutrophils and osteoclasts and inducing interleukin-1, prostaglandin E2, and collagenase production.
Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNFα) human has been used:
  • to analyze the effects of cytokine TNFα-stressed human neuronal and glial (HNG) cells
  • to investigate the molecular mechanisms of TNFα-mediated prolyl-4 hydroxylase α1 (P4Hα1) suppression
  • to induce death-receptor-mediated apoptosis in HeLa cells.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Tumore necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), also known as cachectin, is expressed as a 26 kDa membrane bound protein and is then cleaved by TNF-α converting enzyme (TACE) to release the soluble 17 kDa monomer, which forms homotrimers in circulation. TNF-α plays roles in antitumor activity, immune modulation, inflammation, anorexia, cachexia, septic shock, viral replication and hematopoiesis. TNF-α is expressed by a great variety of cells, with numerous inductive and suppressive agents. Primarily, TNF-α is produced by macrophages in response to immunological challenges such as bacteria (lipopolysaccharides), viruses, parasites, mitogens and other cytokines. TNF-α is cytotoxic for many transformed cells (its namesake activity) but in normal diploid cells, it can stimulate proliferation (fibroblasts), differentiation (myeloid cells) or activation (neutrophils). TNF-α also shows antiviral effects against both DNA and RNA viruses and it induces production of several other cytokines. Although TNF-α is used in clinical trials as an antitumor agent, Sigma′s cytokine, growth factor and hormone products are for research only. TNF-α and the related molecule TNF-β (LT-α) share close structural homology with 28% amino acid sequence identity and both activate the same TNF receptors, TNFR1 and TNFR2. Mouse and human TNF-α share 79% amino acid sequence identity. Unlike human TNF-α, the mouse form is N-glycosylated.

Physical form

Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm-filtered buffer solution containing 3mM Tris-HCl and 5% trehalose.

Analysis Note

The biological activity of TNF-α is measured by the cytolysis of murine L929 cells.

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. What is the package size of Product T6674, Tumor Necrosis Factor-α human?

    It is a 10μg size-power form.

  6. What are the units/mg of Product T6674, Tumor Necrosis Factor-α human?

    1ug=1.1x10e5 units.

  7. What is the solubility of this Product T6674, Tumor Necrosis Factor-α human?

    This can be dissolved at 0.1 to 1.0 mg/ml in saline or buffer, stabilized with 0.1 to 1%BSA.

  8. What is the EC50 of Product T6674, Tumor Necrosis Factor-α human?

    Bioactivity(cell inhibition, L929 cells) is expressed by an EC50 of 0.02 to 0.05 ng/mL for T6674.  EC50 (equivalent concentration) is the same as ED50 (equivalent dose, cytotoxicity, L929 cells) used for the bioactivity specification for T0157, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, human recombinant expressed in Yeast.       

  9. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

A cytomegalovirus-encoded inhibitor of apoptosis that suppresses caspase-8 activation
Skaletskaya A, et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 98(14), 7829-7834 (2001)
miRNA-155 up-regulation and complement factor H (CFH) deficits in Down?s Syndrome
Li YY, et al.
Neuroreport, 23(3), 168-168 (2012)
Role of NonO-histone interaction in TNFalpha-suppressed Prolyl-4-hydroxylase alpha1
Zhang C, et al.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research, 1783(8), 1517-1528 (2008)
Casper Steenholdt et al.
The American journal of gastroenterology, 109(7), 1055-1064 (2014-05-07)
Cost-effective guidance of therapeutic strategy in Crohn's disease patients with secondary infliximab (IFX) treatment failure may be achieved by serum IFX and anti-IFX antibody (Ab) measurements by radioimmunoassay (RIA). This study investigated implications of using other techniques for this purpose....
David J Konieczkowski et al.
Cancer discovery, 4(7), 816-827 (2014-04-29)
Most melanomas harbor oncogenic BRAF(V600) mutations, which constitutively activate the MAPK pathway. Although MAPK pathway inhibitors show clinical benefit in BRAF(V600)-mutant melanoma, it remains incompletely understood why 10% to 20% of patients fail to respond. Here, we show that RAF...


Protocol Guide: WST-1 Assay for Cell Proliferation and Viability

WST-1 assay protocol for measuring cell viability, proliferation, activation and cytotoxicity. Instructions for WST-1 reagent preparation and examples of applications. Frequently asked questions and troubleshooting guide for WST-1 assay.

Protocol Guide: XTT Assay for Cell Viability and Proliferation

XTT assay protocol for measuring cell viability, proliferation, activation and cytotoxicity. Instructions for XTT reagent preparation and examples of applications.

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service