All Photos(3)

T7539

Sigma-Aldrich

Tumor Necrosis Factor-α from mouse

TNF-α, recombinant, expressed in E. coli, powder, suitable for cell culture

Synonym(s):
mTNF-α, TNF-α
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

biological source

mouse

recombinant

expressed in E. coli

assay

≥95%

form

powder

potency

0.01-0.5 ng/mL EC50

mol wt

17 kDa

packaging

pkg of 10 μg
pkg of 50 μg

storage condition

avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

≤1 EU/μg protein endotoxin

color

white

solubility

water: soluble

UniProt accession no.

storage temp.

−20°C

Gene Information

mouse ... Tnf(21926)

Application

Tumor Necrosis Factor-α from mouse, a potent proinflammatory cytokine has been used:
  • to activate MS1 endothelium cells
  • to induce lipolysis in adipocytes
  • to study its effect on liganded and unliganded glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 gene regulation

Biochem/physiol Actions

Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), also known as cachectin, is expressed as a 26 kDa membrane bound protein and is then cleaved by TNF-α converting enzyme (TACE) to release the soluble 17 kDa monomer, which forms homotrimers in circulation. TNF-α plays roles in antitumor activity, immune modulation, inflammation, anorexia, cachexia, septic shock, viral replication and hematopoiesis. TNF-α is expressed by a great variety of cells, with numerous inductive and suppressive agents. Primarily, TNF-α is produced by macrophages in response to immunological challenges such as bacteria (lipopolysaccharides), viruses, parasites, mitogens and other cytokines. TNF-α is cytotoxic for many transformed cells (its namesake activity) but in normal diploid cells, it can stimulate proliferation (fibroblasts), differentiation (myeloid cells) or activation (neutrophils). TNF-α also shows antiviral effects against both DNA and RNA viruses and it induces production of several other cytokines. Although TNF-α is used in clinical trials as an antitumor agent, Sigma′s cytokine, growth factor and hormone products are for research only. TNF-α and the related molecule TNF-β (LT-α) share close structural homology with 28% amino acid sequence identity and both activate the same TNF receptors, TNFR1 and TNFR2. Mouse and human TNF-α share 79% amino acid sequence identity. Unlike human TNF-α, the mouse form is glycosylated.

Unit Definition

One unit is the amount required to induce half-maximal cytolysis of L929 cells.

Physical form

Lyophilized from 10 mM sodium phosphate, pH 7.5

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

SDF-1--CXCR4 differentially regulates autoimmune diabetogenic T cell adhesion through ROBO1--SLIT2 interactions in mice
Glawe JD, et al.
Diabetologia, 56(10), 2222-2230 (2013)
Relative contribution of adipose triglyceride lipase and hormone-sensitive lipase to tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$ (TNF-$\alpha$)-induced lipolysis in adipocytes
Yang X, et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286(47), 40477-40485 (2011)
Glucocorticoid-independent repression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) $\alpha$-stimulated interleukin (IL)-6 expression by the glucocorticoid receptor a potential mechanism for protection against an excessive inflammatory response
Verhoog NJD, et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286(22), 19297-19310 (2011)
Jing Deng et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 24(23), 10161-10168 (2004-11-16)
Numerous stressful conditions activate kinases that phosphorylate the alpha subunit of translation initiation factor 2 (eIF2alpha), thus attenuating mRNA translation and activating a gene expression program known as the integrated stress response. It has been noted that conditions associated with...
Karol Nienałtowski et al.
Nature communications, 12(1), 4175-4175 (2021-07-09)
Although we can now measure single-cell signaling responses with multivariate, high-throughput techniques our ability to interpret such measurements is still limited. Even interpretation of dose-response based on single-cell data is not straightforward: signaling responses can differ significantly between cells, encompass...

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