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Daniela Baldoni et al.
Molecular imaging and biology : MIB : the official publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging, 17(6), 829-837 (2015-04-11)
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin, Cbl) is accumulated by rapidly replicating prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. We investigated the potential of a Tc-99m labelled Cbl derivative ([(99m)Tc]PAMA(4)-Cbl) for targeting infections caused by Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. In vitro binding assays were followed
Brad Hine et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 115(11), 1948-1954 (2014-06-11)
Intestinal uptake of vitamin B12 (hereafter B12) is impaired in a significant proportion of the human population. This impairment is due to inherited or acquired defects in the expression or function of proteins involved in the binding of diet-derived B12
Ontario health technology assessment series, 13(23), 1-45 (2014-01-01)
More than 2.9 million serum vitamin B12 tests were performed in 2010 in Ontario at a cost of $40 million. Vitamin B12 deficiency has been associated with a few neurocognitive disorders. To determine the clinical utility of B12 testing in
Michael Lofgren et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(43), 30980-30989 (2013-09-03)
MeaB is an accessory GTPase protein involved in the assembly, protection, and reactivation of 5'-deoxyadenosyl cobalamin-dependent methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (MCM). Mutations in the human ortholog of MeaB result in methylmalonic aciduria, an inborn error of metabolism. G-proteins typically utilize conserved switch
David Preiss et al.
The lancet. Diabetes & endocrinology, 2(2), 116-124 (2014-03-14)
Metformin reduces cardiovascular risk in patients with type 2 diabetes seemingly independent of lowering blood glucose concentration. We assessed the cardiovascular effects of metformin in individuals without type 2 diabetes. We did a single-centre, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial at the Glasgow
Ann Brunick et al.
Dental assistant (Chicago, Ill. : 1994), 82(4), 12-12 (2013-09-06)
This course will teach the desirable characteristics of nitrous oxide, indications and contraindications for N2O/O2 use, as well as facts and myths surrounding chronic exposure to nitrous oxide, the biologic effects associated with high levels of the gas, and ways
Alexandra C Weaver et al.
Toxins, 6(12), 3336-3353 (2014-12-24)
To evaluate the effects of the mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEA) on pigs and the benefits of two mycotoxin mitigation strategies, gilts (n = 84, 9.1 ± 0.1 kg) were allotted to four treatments: CON (control); MT (4.8 mg/kg
Lawrence R Solomon
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 61(4), 577-582 (2013-03-26)
To determine whether high serum folate levels contribute to metabolite changes in elderly subjects with normal cobalamin levels. Case series. Outpatient clinic at a university-based staff model health maintenance organization. Two hundred thirty-three ambulatory individuals without diabetes mellitus with normal
Taliha Öner et al.
Pediatrics, 133(1), e138-e142 (2013-12-25)
Vitamin B12 is involved in the production of adrenaline from noradrenaline. It is the cofactor involved in catecholamine degradation and plays a role in myelin synthesis. The current study aimed to investigate the association between vitamin B12 levels and postural
Simon J Moore et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(37), 14906-14911 (2013-08-08)
It has been known for the past 20 years that two pathways exist in nature for the de novo biosynthesis of the coenzyme form of vitamin B12, adenosylcobalamin, representing aerobic and anaerobic routes. In contrast to the aerobic pathway, the
O Heudi et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1101(1-2), 63-68 (2005-10-12)
A new, faster and simple method to quantify Vitamin B12, both in foods and in premixes, by reversed-phase liquid chromatography with UV detection has been developed. Vitamin B12 was extracted from food products with 50 mM sodium acetate buffer pH
Sylwester Kurcoń et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 78(8), 4115-4122 (2013-04-03)
Heptamethyl cobyrinate was transformed into hexamethyl 8-nor-cobyrinate. The crucial step involved the synthesis of new, vitamin B12 derived cobryketone via palladium-catalyzed cleavage of the sp(3)-sp(3) carbon-carbon bond with the liberation of the ketone. The replacement of sp(3) carbon atom with
Gang Xu et al.
American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation, 93(4), 287-298 (2013-11-08)
The aim of this study was to explore the efficacy of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) with locally injected cobalamin in relieving pain and improving activities of daily living in patients with postherpetic neuralgia. Ninety patients (≥50 yrs old) with
Mattias Johansson et al.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 106(12), doi:10-doi:10 (2014-11-08)
The etiology of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is only partially understood, but a metabolic component appears likely. We investigated biomarkers of one-carbon metabolism and RCC onset and survival. The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) recruited 385747 participants
Reiko Nishihara et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 100(6), 1479-1488 (2014-11-21)
Although a higher consumption of alcohol, which is a methyl-group antagonist, was previously associated with colorectal cancer risk, mechanisms remain poorly understood. We hypothesized that excess alcohol consumption might increase risk of colorectal carcinoma with hypomethylation of insulin-like growth factor
A F Remacha et al.
Annals of hematology, 93(4), 565-569 (2013-09-24)
Plasma holotranscobalamin (holoTC) transports active cobalamin. Decreased levels of holoTC have been considered to be the earliest marker of cobalamin (Cbl) deficiency. In this work, holoTC was evaluated in low or borderline serum Cbl (LB12) and a concordance analysis was
Illuminating the black box of B12 biosynthesis.
Harry A Dailey
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(37), 14823-14824 (2013-08-27)
András Jeney
Orvosi hetilap, 154(44), 1754-1758 (2013-10-29)
Increased blood cell regeneration in exsanguinated experimental animals treated either with liver or with aqueous liver extracts was reported by Whipple and by Jeney and Jobling, respectively. These findings stimulated Minot and Murphy to provide evidence for the efficacy of
Fatou Ba et al.
Bioresource technology, 200, 147-152 (2015-10-20)
A water-soluble matrix was extracted from green vegetative Haematococcus pluvialis through high-pressure cell disruption either at native pH (5.7) or with pH shifting to neutral (7). The resulting supernatant is mainly composed of carbohydrates and proteins, with the highest yield
Rebecca L Lander et al.
Public health nutrition, 17(9), 1984-1992 (2013-09-07)
To examine the micronutrient status of disadvantaged pre-schoolers from Northeast Brazil, following the introduction of pro-poor policies, by assessing the prevalence of anaemia and micronutrient deficiencies and the role of sociodemographic factors, genetic Hb disorders and parasitic infections. In a
Vladimir M Korkhov et al.
Nature structural & molecular biology, 21(12), 1097-1099 (2014-11-18)
The reaction mechanism of BtuCD-F-catalyzed vitamin B12 transport into Escherichia coli is currently unclear. Here we present the structure of the last missing state in the form of AMP-PNP-bound BtuCD, trapped by a disulfide cross-link. Our structural and biochemical data
Azita Hekmatdoost et al.
PloS one, 10(12), e0143569-e0143569 (2015-12-03)
To determine whether 5-methylenetetrahydrofolate (MTHF) is more effective than folic acid supplementation in treatment of recurrent abortion in different MTHFR gene C677T and A1298C polymorphisms. A randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted April 2011-September 2014 in recurrent abortion clinics in
Jeongdae Im et al.
Environmental science & technology, 48(22), 13181-13187 (2014-10-21)
The hydrofluoroolefin 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf) has been introduced to replace 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) as refrigerant in mobile, including vehicle, air conditioning systems because of its lower global warming potential. HFO-1234yf is volatile at ambient temperatures; however, high production volumes and widespread handling
Bhawani Chamlagain et al.
Food chemistry, 166, 630-638 (2014-07-24)
A sensitive and selective method is needed to analyse in situ produced vitamin B12 in plant-based materials, potential new dietary sources of vitamin B12. A UHPLC/UV method was developed and validated for the determination of human active vitamin B12 in
Marzia Dolcino et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e97571-e97571 (2014-05-17)
Regular intravenous immunoglobulin treatment is used to replace antibody deficiency in primary immunodeficiency diseases; however the therapeutic effect seems to be related not only to antibody replacement but also to an active role in the modulation of the immune response.
Katherine R Heal et al.
Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM, 28(22), 2398-2404 (2014-10-11)
Vitamin B(12) is an essential nutrient for more than half of surveyed marine algae species, but methods for directly measuring this important cofactor in seawater are limited. Current mass spectrometry methods do not quantify all forms of B(12), potentially missing
Nisha G Kemse et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e111902-e111902 (2014-11-19)
Our earlier studies have highlighted that an altered one carbon metabolism (vitamin B12, folic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid) is associated with preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is also known to be associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. The current study examines whether maternal
Zhihong Gong et al.
International journal of cancer, 134(6), 1422-1435 (2013-09-03)
African American (AA) women are more likely than European American (EA) women to be diagnosed with breast cancer at younger ages and to develop poor prognosis tumors. However, these racial differences are largely unexplained. Folate and other methyl-group nutrients may
Katsumi Shibata et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 78(12), 2102-2109 (2014-08-15)
We previously reported that mild food restriction induces a reduction in tryptophan-nicotinamide conversion, which helps to explain why death secondary to pellagra is pandemic during the hungry season. In this study, we investigated the levels of B-group vitamins in the
Tomohiro Bito et al.
FEBS open bio, 4, 722-729 (2014-08-28)
In this study, we showed that cyanocobalamin dodecylamine, a ribose 5'-carbamate derivative of cyanocobalamin, was absorbed and accumulated to significant levels by Caenorhabditis elegans and was not further metabolized. The levels of methylmalonic acid and homocysteine, which serve as indicators
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