Search Within
Applied Filters:
Showing 1-30 of 1309 results for "


" within Papers
Sort by Relevance
Jason L Kubinak et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8642-8642 (2015-10-27)
The presentation of protein antigens on the cell surface by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules coordinates vertebrate adaptive immune responses, thereby mediating susceptibility to a variety of autoimmune and infectious diseases. The composition of symbiotic microbial communities (the microbiota) is
Sean M Devitt et al.
Stem cells international, 2015, 146421-146421 (2015-05-07)
We examined cell isolation, viability, and growth in adipose-derived stem cells harvested from whole adipose tissue subject to different cryopreservation lengths (2-1159 days) from patients of varying ages (26-62 years). Subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue was excised during abdominoplasties and was
Ralph S Grand et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(20), 12585-12599 (2014-10-25)
Successful progression through the cell cycle requires spatial and temporal regulation of gene transcript levels and the number, positions and condensation levels of chromosomes. Here we present a high resolution survey of genome interactions in Schizosaccharomyces pombe using synchronized cells
Anna C C Aguiar et al.
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 110(7), 906-913 (2015-11-13)
Several species of Aspidosperma plants are used to treat diseases in the tropics, including Aspidosperma ramiflorum, which acts against leishmaniasis, an activity that is experimentally confirmed. The species, known as guatambu-yellow, yellow peroba, coffee-peroba and matiambu, grows in the Atlantic
Cecília Durães et al.
International journal of cancer, 135(6), 1343-1355 (2014-03-13)
The most studied genetic susceptibility factors involved in gastric carcinoma (GC) risk are polymorphisms in the inflammation-linked genes interleukin 1 (IL1) B and IL1RN. Despite the evidence pointing to the IL1 region, definite functional variants reproducible across populations of different
Xinzhe Yu et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10, 6825-6834 (2015-11-21)
Gemcitabine (Gem) is far from satisfactory as the first-line regimen for pancreatic cancer, and the emergence of albumin nanoparticles offers new hope for the delivery of Gem. In this study, Gem-loaded human serum albumin nanoparticles (Gem-HSA-NPs) were successfully synthesized, characterized
Robert J Cannon et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(7), 1915-1931 (2015-02-03)
Lemons (Citrus limon) are a desirable citrus fruit grown and used globally in a wide range of applications. The main constituents of this sour-tasting fruit have been well quantitated and characterized. However, additional research is still necessary to better understand
Hiroyasu Sakai et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 278(2), 190-199 (2014-05-16)
Fatigue is the most common side effect of chemotherapy. However, the mechanisms of "muscle fatigue" induced by anti-cancer drugs are not fully understood. We therefore investigated the muscle-atrophic effect of cisplatin, a platinum-based anti-cancer drug, in mice. C57BL/6J mice were
Brian P Weiser et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 9695-9695 (2015-04-09)
We used a photoactive general anesthetic called meta-azi-propofol (AziPm) to test the selectivity and specificity of alkylphenol anesthetic binding in mammalian brain. Photolabeling of rat brain sections with [(3)H]AziPm revealed widespread but heterogeneous ligand distribution, with [(3)H]AziPm preferentially binding to
Hua Ren et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 457(4), 572-577 (2015-01-21)
In the past decade, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have revolutionized the treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs). Although Fc-dependent mechanisms of mAb-mediated tumor clearance have been extensively studied, the ability of mAbs to directly evoke programmed cell death (PCD) and the underlying
Dorottya Kalapis et al.
PLoS biology, 13(11), e1002291-e1002291 (2015-11-07)
Translational errors occur at high rates, and they influence organism viability and the onset of genetic diseases. To investigate how organisms mitigate the deleterious effects of protein synthesis errors during evolution, a mutant yeast strain was engineered to translate a
Zeynep Karahaliloğlu et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 102(12), 4598-4608 (2014-03-29)
Major issues faced with the use of today's skin grafts are infection, scar tissue formation, insufficient keratinocyte (or skin producing cells) proliferation and high production costs. To overcome these limitations, we propose here for the first time, a nanofeatured poly(lactide-co-glycolide)
Juyao Dong et al.
ACS nano, 8(5), 5199-5207 (2014-05-02)
The temperature increase inside mesoporous silica nanoparticles induced by encapsulated smaller superparamagnetic nanocrystals in an oscillating magnetic field is measured using a crystalline optical nanothermometer. The detection mechanism is based on the temperature-dependent intensity ratio of two luminescence bands in
S Yamada et al.
Calcified tissue international, 96(4), 347-358 (2014-12-17)
Clinical and experimental studies have reported that phosphate overload plays a central role in the pathogenesis of vascular calcification in chronic kidney disease. However, it remains undetermined whether phosphate induces cellular senescence during vascular calcification. We established a modified uremic
T T H Pham et al.
Biochimie, 107 Pt A, 143-153 (2014-06-22)
Visceral leishmaniasis is a life-threatening disease that affects nearly a million people every year. The emergence of Leishmania strains resistant to existing drugs complicates its treatment. The purpose of this study was to develop a new lipid formulation based on
Alexander Tokarev et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 54(46), 13613-13616 (2015-09-26)
Reactive spinning of nano- and microfibers that involves very fast chemical reactions and ion exchange is a challenge for the common methods for nanofiber formation. Herein, we introduce the reactive magnetospinning method. This procedure is based on the magnetic-field-directed collision
Heather M Wilkins et al.
Human molecular genetics, 23(24), 6528-6541 (2014-07-17)
Brain bioenergetic function declines in some neurodegenerative diseases, this may influence other pathologies and administering bioenergetic intermediates could have therapeutic value. To test how one intermediate, oxaloacetate (OAA) affects brain bioenergetics, insulin signaling, inflammation and neurogenesis, we administered intraperitoneal OAA
Justine Lanzini et al.
Biochimie, 118, 234-243 (2015-10-03)
Nude mice carry a spontaneous mutation affecting the gene Foxn1 mainly expressed in the epidermis. This gene is involved in several skin functions, especially in the proliferation and the differentiation of keratinocytes which are key cells of epithelial barrier. The
Weronika Hewelt-Belka et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1362, 62-74 (2014-08-28)
Staphylococcus aureus is a common pathogen known to cause relatively minor infections as well as severe disorders in humans. Although there is fair amount of published data concerning various aspects of its biology, epidemiology, genetics, etc., there is still a
Siobhain Mulrennan et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 8931-8931 (2015-03-11)
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is often accompanied by diabetes leading to worsening lung function, the reason for which is unclear. The receptor for advanced-glycation-end-products (RAGE) regulates immune responses and inflammation and has been linked to diabetes and possibly CF. We performed
Claudia Martelli et al.
Electrophoresis, 35(15), 2172-2183 (2014-04-15)
The combination of top-down and bottom-up platforms was utilized for the LC-MS proteomic characterization of the intracystic fluid of adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma pediatric brain tumor disease. Proteins and peptides characterization was achieved by high-resolution LC-ESI-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS analysis while low-resolution LC-ESI-IT-MS was applied
Korneliusz Golebski et al.
Molecular immunology, 65(1), 43-50 (2015-02-02)
Primary nasal epithelium of house dust mite allergic individuals is in a permanently activated inflammatory transcriptional state. To investigate whether a deregulated expression of EGR-1 and/or DUSP-1, two potential negative regulators of pro-inflammatory responses, could contribute to the activation of
Niloofar Moghadas-Sharif et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 41(3), 445-450 (2014-01-11)
The aim of the present study was to assess the in vitro antimicrobial activities of nanoliposomal formulations loaded with vancomycin or/and rifampin against the biofilm formed by Staphylococcus epidermidis at 37 °C under aerobic condition. Liposomal formulations were prepared by dehydration-rehydration
Miles C Benton et al.
PLoS genetics, 11(10), e1005593-e1005593 (2015-10-17)
Multiphenotype genome-wide association studies (GWAS) may reveal pleiotropic genes, which would remain undetected using single phenotype analyses. Analysis of large pedigrees offers the added advantage of more accurately assessing trait heritability, which can help prioritise genetically influenced phenotypes for GWAS
Chong-hao Bi et al.
Bioresource technology, 185, 185-193 (2015-03-17)
A novel process was developed for converting scum, a waste material from wastewater treatment facilities, to biodiesel. Scum is an oily waste that was skimmed from the surface of primary and secondary settling tanks in wastewater treatment plants. Currently scum
Marketa Sagova-Mareckova et al.
PloS one, 10(1), e0116291-e0116291 (2015-01-23)
Common scab of potatoes is a disease, which is difficult to manage due to complex interactions of the pathogenic bacteria (Streptomyces spp.) with soil, microbial community and potato plants. In Bohemian-Moravian Highlands in the Czech Republic two sites (Vyklantice and
Dariusz Suchy et al.
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology, 387(8), 733-742 (2014-05-02)
Macrophages are crucial for the development of atherosclerotic plaques. Classically activated macrophages contribute to plaque growth and destabilization, while alternatively activated macrophages increase plaque stability. Here, we assessed the influence of ezetimibe on the activation of monocyte-derived macrophages isolated from
Beatriz Clares et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 473(1-2), 591-598 (2014-08-08)
The aim of this study was to develop biocompatible lipid-based nanocarriers for retinyl palmitate (RP) to improve its skin delivery, photostability and biocompatibility, and to avoid undesirable topical side effects. RP loaded nanoemulsions (NEs), liposomes (LPs) and solid lipid nanoparticles
Helene Blanchard et al.
Neurochemical research, 39(8), 1522-1532 (2014-06-13)
Calcium-independent phospholipase A2 group VIa (iPLA2β) preferentially releases docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) from the sn-2 position of phospholipids. Mutations of its gene, PLA2G6, are found in patients with several progressive motor disorders, including Parkinson disease. At 4 months, PLA2G6 knockout mice (iPLA2β(-/-))
Josep Anton Mir-Tutusaus et al.
The Science of the total environment, 500-501, 235-242 (2014-09-15)
Use of agrochemicals is a worldwide practice that exerts an important effect on the environment; therefore the search of approaches for the elimination of such pollutants should be encouraged. The degradation of the insecticides imiprothrin (IP) and cypermethrin (CP), the
Page 1 of 44
Page 1 of 44