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Kosar Jabbari et al.
Cancers, 13(18) (2021-09-29)
Reprogramming the tumor stroma is an emerging approach to circumventing the challenges of conventional cancer therapies. This strategy, however, is hampered by the lack of a specific molecular target. We previously reported that stromal fibroblasts (FBs) with high expression of
Kun Wang et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 75(11), 2204-2213 (2008-04-11)
A panel of retinoids and carotenoids was screened as potential inducers of CYP3A4 through the RXR/VDR-mediated signaling pathway. Transient transfection assays revealed that 3 out of 12 retinoids screened transactivated RXRalpha/VDR and induced CYP3A4 reporter activity. These three retinoids are
Rajesh Gupta et al.
Endocrinology, 158(8), 2572-2584 (2017-05-23)
Fasting evokes a homeostatic response that maintains circulating levels of energy-rich metabolites and increases the drive to eat. Centrally, this reflex activates a small population of hypothalamic neurons that are characterized by the expression of AgRP, a neuropeptide with an
Shubham Jain et al.
Journal of tissue engineering, 11, 2041731420954316-2041731420954316 (2020-09-29)
We present a solution to regenerate adipose tissue using degradable, soft, pliable 3D-printed scaffolds made of a medical-grade copolymer coated with polydopamine. The problem today is that while printing, the medical grade copolyesters degrade and the scaffolds become very stiff
D E Johns et al.
Journal of dental research, 87(6), 548-552 (2008-05-27)
Tissue-engineering of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc aims to provide patients with TMJ disorders an option to replace diseased tissue with autologous, functional tissue. This study examined clinically relevant cell sources by comparing costal chondrocytes, dermal fibroblasts, a mixture of
Lingfeng Chen et al.
Nature chemical biology, 16(3), 267-277 (2020-01-22)
A long-standing mystery shrouds the mechanism by which catalytically repressed receptor tyrosine kinase domains accomplish transphosphorylation of activation loop (A-loop) tyrosines. Here we show that this reaction proceeds via an asymmetric complex that is thermodynamically disadvantaged because of an electrostatic
Wei Zou et al.
Cell metabolism, 32(5), 801-813 (2020-10-08)
Adipocytes control bone mass, but the mechanism is unclear. To explore the effect of postnatal adipocyte elimination on bone cells, we mated mice expressing an inducible primate diphtheria toxin receptor (DTR) to those bearing adiponectin (ADQ)-Cre. DTR activation eliminates peripheral
Anna Dubrovska et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(1), 268-273 (2009-01-01)
Characterization of the molecular pathways that are required for the viability and maintenance of self-renewing tumor-initiating cells may ultimately lead to improved therapies for cancer. In this study, we show that a CD133(+)/CD44(+) population of cells enriched in prostate cancer
Dimitrios Iliopoulos et al.
Science signaling, 2(92), ra62-ra62 (2009-10-15)
Although Akt is known to play a role in human cancer, the relative contribution of its three isoforms to oncogenesis remains to be determined. We expressed each isoform individually in an Akt1(-/-)/Akt2(-/-)/Akt3(-/-) cell line. MicroRNA profiling of growth factor-stimulated cells
Andy He et al.
Biopreservation and biobanking, 18(3), 222-227 (2020-04-18)
The availability of viable human tissues is critical to support translational research focused on personalized care. Most studies have relied on fresh frozen or formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues for histopathology, genomics, and proteomics. Yet, basic, translational, and clinical research downstream assays
Mahsa Haseli et al.
Materials today. Bio, 13, 100194-100194 (2022-01-11)
Human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) are multipotent cells that have been proposed for cell therapies due to their immunosuppressive capacity that can be enhanced in the presence of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ). In this study, multilayers of heparin (HEP) and collagen (COL)
Michael G Lancina et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 105(5), 1252-1259 (2016-12-22)
In this work, they aimed at producing chitosan based nanofiber mats capable of delivering insulin via the buccal mucosa. Chitosan was electrospun into nanofibers using poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) as a carrier molecule in various feed ratios. The mechanical properties and
Elizabeth S Ng et al.
Nature protocols, 3(5), 768-776 (2008-05-03)
In order to promote the uniform and reproducible differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (HESCs) in response to exogenously added growth factors, we have developed a method (spin embryoid bodies (EBs)) that uses a recombinant protein-based, animal product-free medium in
Marcia V Fournier et al.
Cancer research, 69(10), 4545-4552 (2009-05-07)
Phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) is a dual-function phosphatase with tumor suppressor function compromised in a wide spectrum of cancers. Because tissue polarity and architecture are crucial modulators of normal and malignant behavior, we postulated that
Xiaoyun Li et al.
Journal of cell science, 133(6) (2020-02-14)
Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most malignant brain tumours and, despite advances in treatment modalities, it remains largely incurable. Ca2+ regulation and dynamics play crucial roles in different aspects of cancer, but they have never been investigated in detail
Yuri L Boteon et al.
PloS one, 13(7), e0201419-e0201419 (2018-07-26)
Pharmacological defatting of rat hepatocytes and hepatoma cell lines suggests that the same method could be used to ameliorate macrovesicular steatosis in moderate to severely fatty livers. However there is no data assessing the effects of those drugs on primary
Ludovic Zimmerlin et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 17(1-2), 93-106 (2010-08-03)
Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) have been proposed to stabilize autologous fat grafts for regenerative therapy, but their safety is unknown in the setting of reconstructive surgery after mastectomy. Both bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and ASC have been shown
Ines Rosignol et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 21(5) (2020-03-14)
Mitochondrial damage plays a prominent role in glaucoma. The only way cells can degrade whole mitochondria is via autophagy, in a process called mitophagy. Thus, studying mitophagy in the context of glaucoma is essential to understand the disease. Up to
Cheng-Wei Yang et al.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel, Switzerland), 15(2) (2022-02-27)
JAK1 depletion or downregulation was previously reported to account for coronavirus inhibition. Here, we found that AG1024, an IR (insulin receptor) and IGF-1R (insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor) inhibitor, diminishes JAK1 protein levels and exerts anti-coronaviral activities with EC50 values
Theresia Gutmann et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 219(1) (2019-11-16)
Glucose homeostasis and growth essentially depend on the hormone insulin engaging its receptor. Despite biochemical and structural advances, a fundamental contradiction has persisted in the current understanding of insulin ligand-receptor interactions. While biochemistry predicts two distinct insulin binding sites, 1
Sarang S Talwelkar et al.
Cell reports. Medicine, 2(8), 100373-100373 (2021-09-02)
Functional profiling of a cancer patient's tumor cells holds potential to tailor personalized cancer treatment. Here, we report the utility of fresh uncultured tumor-derived EpCAM+ epithelial cells (FUTCs) for ex vivo drug-response interrogation. Analysis of murine Kras mutant FUTCs demonstrates pharmacological
Miroslav Gancar et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 9115-9115 (2020-06-06)
Exogenous insulin, used as a therapeutic agent for diabetes, forms insoluble deposits containing amyloid fibrillar structures near the administration site. We have analyzed the in vitro anti-amyloid activity of four green tea constituents: (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), (-)-epicatechin (EC), gallic acid
Rachel A Henry et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 182(6), 3432-3439 (2009-03-07)
Mechanisms of B cell tolerance act during development in the bone marrow and periphery to eliminate or restrict autoreactive clones to prevent autoimmune disease. B cells in the spleens of mice that harbor anti-insulin BCR transgenes (125Tg) are maintained in
Alessandro Viviano et al.
Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology, 20(7), 1201-1208 (2017-06-06)
Post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a predictor of morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. Latent predisposing factors may reside in the epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) due to its anatomical position and high protein production rate. In order to explore a
Huili Li et al.
Molecular cancer, 10, 100-100 (2011-08-23)
The transcription factor, CCAAT enhancer binding protein-β (C/EBPβ), is expressed as several distinct protein isoforms (LAP1, LAP2 and LIP) that have opposing actions in cellular proliferation and differentiation. Increases in the ratio of LIP/LAP are associated with aggressive, metastatic breast
Ari Meerson et al.
BMC cancer, 16(1), 882-882 (2016-11-16)
Obesity is a risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC). Normal and tumor cells respond to metabolic hormones, such as leptin and insulin. Thus, obesity-associated resistance to these hormones likely leads to changes in gene expression and behavior of tumor cells.
Valentina Sposato et al.
Molecular neurobiology, 56(1), 535-552 (2018-05-08)
Basal forebrain cholinergic neurons (BFCN) are key modulators of learning and memory and are high energy-demanding neurons. Impaired neuronal metabolism and reduced insulin signaling, known as insulin resistance, has been reported in the early phase of Alzheimer's disease (AD), which
Bryan A Joosse et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 12, 685718-685718 (2021-07-09)
Antigen-specific B cells (ASBCs) can drive autoimmune disease by presenting autoantigen to cognate T cells to drive their activation, proliferation, and effector cell differentiation and/or by differentiating into autoantibody-secreting cells. Autoantibodies are frequently used to predict risk and diagnose several
Valerie L R M Verstraeten et al.
Histochemistry and cell biology, 135(3), 251-261 (2011-02-26)
A thorough understanding of fat cell biology is necessary to counter the epidemic of obesity. Although molecular pathways governing adipogenesis are well delineated, the structure of the nuclear lamina and nuclear-cytoskeleton junction in this process are not. The identification of
Sandeep Dayal et al.
PloS one, 6(9), e24571-e24571 (2011-09-29)
Antibodies are assembled by a highly orchestrated series of recombination events during B cell development. One of these events, class switch recombination, is required to produce the IgG, IgE and IgA antibody isotypes characteristic of a secondary immune response. The
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