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Sara Darakhshan et al.
Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, 17(4), 459-475 (2020-07-16)
Currently, there is an urgent need for scalable and reliable in vitro models to assess the effects of therapeutic entities on the human liver. Hepatoma cell lines, including Huh-7, show weakly resemblance to human hepatocytes, limiting their significance in toxicity
Marloes Zoetemelk et al.
Molecular oncology, 14(11), 2894-2919 (2020-10-07)
The current standard of care for colorectal cancer (CRC) is a combination of chemotherapeutics, often supplemented with targeted biological drugs. An urgent need exists for improved drug efficacy and minimized side effects, especially at late-stage disease. We employed the phenotypically
Katalin Leiszter et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0118332-e0118332 (2015-02-28)
Somatostatin (SST) has anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects. Our aims were to analyze and compare the SST expression during normal aging and colorectal carcinogenesis at mRNA and protein levels. Furthermore, we tested the methylation status of SST in biopsy samples, and
Jian Song et al.
Advanced healthcare materials, 10(4), e2000831-e2000831 (2020-09-18)
Even though medical devices have improved a lot over the past decades, there are still issues regarding their anti-biofouling properties and tribological performance, and both aspects contribute to the short- and long-term failure of these devices. Coating these devices with
Claudia Hempt et al.
Journal of colloid and interface science, 574, 430-440 (2020-04-29)
The development of advanced oral delivery systems for bioactive compounds requires the fundamental understanding of the digestion process within the gastrointestinal tract. Towards this goal, dynamic invitro digestion models, capable of characterising the molecular as well as colloidal aspects of
Kara McNair et al.
Cancer biology & therapy, 20(3), 349-367 (2018-11-08)
Expression of the tumour suppressor Deleted in Colorectal Cancer (DCC) and the related protein neogenin is reduced by the mammalian serine protease chymotrypsin or the bacterial serine protease subtilisin, with increased cell migration. The present work examines whether these actions
Justin S Becker et al.
Molecular cell, 68(6), 1023-1037 (2017-12-23)
Heterochromatin is integral to cell identity maintenance by impeding the activation of genes for alternate cell fates. Heterochromatic regions are associated with histone 3 lysine 9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) or H3K27me3, but these modifications are also found in euchromatic regions that
Juan Oyarzo et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 48(3), 1023-1039 (2019-01-04)
The syntheses, characterization, X-ray crystal structures, electrochemical properties and anticancer and antichagasic activities of the first examples of 2-substituted 2,4-dihydro-1H-3,1-benzoxazines with half-sandwich organometallic arrays, [M(η5-C5H4)(CO)3] (M = Re or Mn), at position-2 are described. Experimental and computational studies based on
Chiara Vidoni et al.
Neurochemistry international, 101, 132-143 (2016-11-15)
Neuronal cell death in Huntington's Disease (HD) is associated with the abnormal expansions of a polyglutamine (polyQ) tract in the huntingtin protein (Htt) at the N-terminus that causes the misfolding and aggregation of the mutated protein (mHtt). Autophagy-lysosomal degradation of
Julie Martone et al.
EMBO reports, 21(6), e49942-e49942 (2020-04-28)
Guanine-quadruplexes (G4) included in RNA molecules exert several functions in controlling gene expression at post-transcriptional level; however, the molecular mechanisms of G4-mediated regulation are still poorly understood. Here, we describe a regulatory circuitry operating in the early phases of murine
Kazuya Yamashita et al.
Stem cells and development, 27(16), 1097-1108 (2018-06-23)
Corneal blindness is the third leading cause of blindness in the world, and one of the main etiologies is dysfunction of the corneal endothelium. Current treatment of corneal endothelial disease is allogenic corneal transplantation, which is limited by the global
Melanie Kucki et al.
Journal of nanobiotechnology, 15(1), 46-46 (2017-06-24)
Understanding the interaction of graphene-related materials (GRM) with human cells is a key to the assessment of their potential risks for human health. There is a knowledge gap regarding the potential uptake of GRM by human intestinal cells after unintended
Julia Manzetti et al.
iScience, 23(7), 101257-101257 (2020-07-01)
Immune escape contributes to viral persistence, yet little is known about human polyomaviruses. BK-polyomavirus (BKPyV) asymptomatically infects 90% of humans but causes premature allograft failure in kidney transplant patients. Despite virus-specific T cells and neutralizing antibodies, BKPyV persists in kidneys and
Khalil Shahramian et al.
Journal of periodontology, 91(9), 1213-1224 (2019-12-21)
Gingival tissue attachment is known to be important for long-term prognosis of implants. This in vitro study evaluated the gingival attachment to zirconia implants and zirconia implants modified with sol-gel derived TiO2 coatings. Zirconia endodontic posts (n = 23) were used to
Jing-Wen Lin et al.
Cell host & microbe, 29(3), 489-502 (2021-02-07)
The SARS-CoV-2 virus, the causative agent of COVID-19, is undergoing constant mutation. Here, we utilized an integrative approach combining epidemiology, virus genome sequencing, clinical phenotyping, and experimental validation to locate mutations of clinical importance. We identified 35 recurrent variants, some
Stephen L Ball et al.
The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 124(6), 437-442 (2014-12-30)
Well-characterized cell lines represent useful scientific tools to study the pathophysiology of human disease. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a very common condition, though the number of CRS cell lines is limited, as are data showing how closely they resemble primary
Victor Bandaly et al.
Food and environmental virology, 9(4), 464-472 (2017-07-01)
One of the most important topics that occupy public health problems is the air quality. That is the reason why mechanical ventilation and air handling units (AHU) were imposed by the different governments in the collective or individual buildings. Many
Anna Bodzon-Kulakowska et al.
Cytotechnology, 67(6), 1085-1091 (2014-05-08)
Desorption electrospray ionization may be used as a fast and convenient method for analysis and identification of lipids in the cell culture. Oxidative stress, which usually involves changes in lipids, was used as a model of pathology to show the
Nils Bohmer et al.
ACS applied materials & interfaces, 9(35), 29571-29579 (2017-08-15)
The magnetic separation of pathogenic compounds from body fluids is an appealing therapeutic concept. Recently, removal of a diverse array of pathogens has been demonstrated using extracorporeal dialysis-type devices. The contact time between the fluid and the magnetic beads in
Veronica Ferrucci et al.
Science signaling, 14(690) (2021-07-08)
Inorganic polyphosphates (polyPs) are linear polymers composed of repeated phosphate (PO4 3-) units linked together by multiple high-energy phosphoanhydride bonds. In addition to being a source of energy, polyPs have cytoprotective and antiviral activities. Here, we investigated the antiviral activities
Karen A O'Hanlon Cohrt et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 62(5) (2018-02-15)
An increase in the incidence of rare but hard-to-treat invasive fungal pathogens as well as resistance to the currently available antifungal drugs calls for new broad-spectrum antifungals with a novel mechanism of action. Here we report the identification and characterization
J A Stolwijk et al.
Integrative biology : quantitative biosciences from nano to macro (2019-05-15)
Label-free, holistic assays, monitoring, for example, the impedance of cells on electrodes, are gaining increasing popularity in the evaluation of G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) ligands. It is the strength of these approaches to provide the integrated cellular response non-invasively, highly automated
Maria J Gonzalez-Rellan et al.
Nature communications, 12(1), 5068-5068 (2021-08-22)
p53 regulates several signaling pathways to maintain the metabolic homeostasis of cells and modulates the cellular response to stress. Deficiency or excess of nutrients causes cellular metabolic stress, and we hypothesized that p53 could be linked to glucose maintenance. We
Sijia Wu et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 37(39), 9438-9452 (2017-08-30)
Presynaptic reuptake, mediated by the dopamine (DA) transporter (DAT), terminates DAergic neurotransmission and constrains extracellular DA levels. Addictive and therapeutic psychostimulants inhibit DA reuptake and multiple DAT coding variants have been reported in patients with neuropsychiatric disorders. These findings underscore
Lukas R H Gerken et al.
ACS applied materials & interfaces, 11(1), 437-448 (2018-12-06)
High-Z metal oxide nanoparticles hold promise as imaging probes and radio-enhancers. Hafnium dioxide nanoparticles have recently entered clinical evaluation. Despite promising early clinical findings, the potential of HfO2 as a matrix for multimodal theranostics is yet to be developed. Here
Simona Giunta et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 190(2), 197-207 (2010-07-28)
The signaling cascade initiated in response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) has been extensively investigated in interphase cells. Here, we show that mitotic cells treated with DSB-inducing agents activate a "primary" DNA damage response (DDR) comprised of early signaling events
Krzysztof Kolmus et al.
Journal of cell science, 134(1) (2021-01-10)
Molecular details of how endocytosis contributes to oncogenesis remain elusive. Our in silico analysis of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients revealed stage-dependent alterations in the expression of 112 endocytosis-related genes. Among them, transcription of the endosomal sorting complex required for transport
Qingyun Li et al.
Neuron, 101(2), 207-223 (2019-01-05)
Microglia are increasingly recognized for their major contributions during brain development and neurodegenerative disease. It is currently unknown whether these functions are carried out by subsets of microglia during different stages of development and adulthood or within specific brain regions. Here
Natalia Papargyri et al.
Molecular therapy. Nucleic acids, 19, 706-717 (2020-01-18)
The identification of molecules that can modulate RNA or protein function and the subsequent chemical and structural optimization to refine such molecules into drugs is a key activity in drug discovery. Here, we explored the extent to which chemical and
Mirna Jovanović et al.
Frontiers in molecular biosciences, 7, 586146-586146 (2020-11-03)
Currently, available glioblastoma (GBM) treatment remains ineffective, with relapse after initial response and low survival rate of GBM patients. The reasons behind limited capacities for GBM treatment are high tumor heterogeneity, invasiveness, and occurrence of drug resistance. Therefore, developing novel
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