Search Within
Applied Filters:
Showing 1-30 of 77 results for "


" within Papers
Oksana A Sergeeva et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(4), 1279-1288 (2019-01-06)
The protein acyl transferase ZDHHC5 was recently proposed to regulate trafficking in the endocytic pathway. Therefore, we explored the function of this enzyme in controlling the action of bacterial toxins. We found that ZDHHC5 activity is required for two very
Yanan Zhu et al.
Scientific reports, 8(1), 15068-15068 (2018-10-12)
Proteasome inhibitors (PIs) are now standard of care for several cancers, and noninvasive biomarkers of treatment response are critically required for early patient stratification and treatment personalization. The present study evaluated whether chemical exchange (CEST) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can
Manuel Hayn et al.
Cell reports, 35(7), 109126-109126 (2021-05-12)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) evades most innate immune responses but may still be vulnerable to some. Here, we systematically analyze the impact of SARS-CoV-2 proteins on interferon (IFN) responses and autophagy. We show that SARS-CoV-2 proteins synergize
Marcus Pickhardt et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 76, 24-34 (2019-01-15)
We have developed a cell-based phenotypic automated high-content screening approach for N2a cells expressing the pro-aggregant repeat domain of tau protein (tauRDΔK), which allows analysis of a chemogenomic library of 1649 compounds for their effect on the inhibition or stimulation
Hisashi Kanemaru et al.
iScience, 24(9), 103067-103067 (2021-09-21)
Turning non-inflamed (cold) tumors into inflamed (hot) tumors is important for maximizing the effect of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) against malignancies. We showed that lactate, a product of the Warburg effect, inhibited the efficacy of ICIs and suppressed IL-12 p40
Adil Mohamed et al.
PLoS pathogens, 16(9), e1008803-e1008803 (2020-09-22)
The Dearing isolate of Mammalian orthoreovirus (T3D) is a prominent model of virus-host relationships and a candidate oncolytic virotherapy. Closely related laboratory strains of T3D, originating from the same ancestral T3D isolate, were recently found to exhibit significantly different oncolytic
Yoshinao Okajima et al.
Drug discoveries & therapeutics, 15(5), 268-272 (2021-10-29)
The inhibitory activity of electrolyzed reduced water (ERW) against Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which is the etiological agent responsible for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), was tested in vitro on Vero E6 cells using a plaque assay. Infectious
Francisco S Mesquita et al.
Developmental cell, 56(20), 2790-2807 (2021-10-03)
SARS-CoV-2 virions are surrounded by a lipid bilayer that contains membrane proteins such as spike, responsible for target-cell binding and virus fusion. We found that during SARS-CoV-2 infection, spike becomes lipid modified, through the sequential action of the S-acyltransferases ZDHHC20
Åsa Birna Birgisdottir et al.
Autophagy, 15(8), 1333-1355 (2019-02-16)
Autophagosome formation depends on a carefully orchestrated interplay between membrane-associated protein complexes. Initiation of macroautophagy/autophagy is mediated by the ULK1 (unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 1) protein kinase complex and the autophagy-specific class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase complex I (PtdIns3K-C1). The
Wong Yau Hsiung et al.
Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2011, 293060-293060 (2011-03-23)
The anticancer potential of Leea indica, a Chinese medicinal plant was investigated for the first time. The crude ethanol extract and fractions (ethyl acetate, hexane, and water) of Leea indica were evaluated their cytotoxicity on various cell lines (Ca Ski
Barbara Zonta et al.
Neuron, 69(5), 945-956 (2011-03-09)
The axon initial segment (AIS) is critical for the initiation and propagation of action potentials. Assembly of the AIS requires interactions between scaffolding molecules and voltage-gated sodium channels, but the molecular mechanisms that stabilize the AIS are poorly understood. The
Jiaxin Hu et al.
Biochemistry, 53(28), 4510-4518 (2014-07-02)
Dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that currently has no curative treatments. DRPLA is caused by an expansion of a CAG trinucleotide repeat region within the protein-encoding sequence of the atrophin-1 (ATN-1) gene. Inhibition of mutant ATN-1 protein
Tomoki Yamashita et al.
Molecular therapy. Methods & clinical development, 22, 263-278 (2021-09-07)
The human small intestine is the key organ for absorption, metabolism, and excretion of orally administered drugs. To preclinically predict these reactions in drug discovery research, a cell model that can precisely recapitulate the in vivo human intestinal monolayer is desired.
Yubo Cheng et al.
EMBO reports, 22(5), e52255-e52255 (2021-03-02)
Despite significant steps in our understanding of Alzheimer's disease (AD), many of the molecular processes underlying its pathogenesis remain largely unknown. Here, we focus on the role of non-coding RNAs produced by small interspersed nuclear elements (SINEs). RNAs from SINE
Mark Smyth et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 12, 638485-638485 (2021-07-02)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) represent key immune effectors of the host response against chronic viruses, due to their cytotoxic response to virus-infected cells. In response to this selection pressure, viruses may accumulate escape mutations that evade CTL-mediated control. To study
Mutsuyo Takayama-Ito et al.
PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 12(4), e0006398-e0006398 (2018-04-17)
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) causes a variety of diseases, including asymptomatic infections, meningitis, and congenital infections in the fetus of infected mother. The development of a safe and effective vaccine against LCMV is imperative. This study aims to develop a
Ivan Trus et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 10, 3077-3077 (2020-02-11)
Experimental increase of CpG dinucleotides in an RNA virus genome impairs infection providing a promising approach for vaccine development. While CpG recoding is an emerging and promising vaccine approach, little is known about infection phenotypes caused by recoded viruses in
Mingjing Shen et al.
International journal of oncology, 53(1), 317-328 (2018-05-12)
In this study, in order to investigate the effects of increased macrophage infiltration to radioresistant lung tumors in regulating natural killer (NK) cell-mediated immunity, we examined whether the treatment of radioresistant cells with conditioned medium (CM) from phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)/interleukin (IL)-4
Andrea Ferrigno et al.
European journal of histochemistry : EJH, 64(4) (2020-11-20)
It has been previously found that the blockade of metabotropic glutamate receptor type 5 (mGluR5) protects against hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury and acetaminophen toxicity. The role of mGluR5 in NAFLD has not yet been elucidated. Here, we evaluated the effects of
Shelby Landreth et al.
Vaccines, 8(2) (2020-05-07)
Avian influenza H7N9 viruses continue to pose a great threat to public health, which is evident by their high case-fatality rates. Although H7N9 was first isolated in humans in China in 2013, to date, there is no commercial vaccine available
Adil Mohamed et al.
Journal of virology, 94(4) (2019-11-22)
Little is known about how genetic variations in viruses affect their success as therapeutic agents. The type 3 Dearing strain of Mammalian orthoreovirus (T3D) is undergoing clinical trials as an oncolytic virotherapy. Worldwide, studies on reovirus oncolysis use T3D stocks
Simona Giunta et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 190(2), 197-207 (2010-07-28)
The signaling cascade initiated in response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) has been extensively investigated in interphase cells. Here, we show that mitotic cells treated with DSB-inducing agents activate a "primary" DNA damage response (DDR) comprised of early signaling events
Ivan Trus et al.
Viruses, 12(5) (2020-05-30)
We studied whether cytosine phosphate-guanine (CpG) recoding in a viral genome may provide oncolytic candidates with reduced infection kinetics in nonmalignant brain cells, but with high virulence in glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs). As a model, we used well-characterized CpG-recoded Zika
Trese Leinders-Zufall et al.
STAR protocols, 2(2), 100527-100527 (2021-05-25)
Small molecular probes designed for photopharmacology and opto-chemogenetics are rapidly gaining widespread recognition for investigations of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels. This protocol describes the use of three photoswitchable diacylglycerol analogs-PhoDAG-1, PhoDAG-3, and OptoDArG-for ultrarapid activation and deactivation of
Diane G Edmondson et al.
Current protocols, 1(2), e44-e44 (2021-02-19)
For over a century, investigation of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum, the spiral-shaped bacterium that causes syphilis, was hindered by an inability to culture the organism in vitro. A recent breakthrough has enabled continuous in vitro growth of this organism in
Wangheng Hou et al.
BMC infectious diseases, 17(1), 239-239 (2017-04-01)
Two lineages of Zika virus (ZIKV) have been classified according to the phylogenetic analysis: African and Asian lineages. It is unclear whether differences exist between the two strains in host cell permissiveness, this information is important for understanding viral pathogenesis
Hiroyuki Okamoto et al.
Journal of radiation research, 52(1), 75-81 (2010-12-17)
Our cell survival data showed the obvious dependence of RBE on photon energy: The RBE value for 200 kV X-rays was approximately 10% greater than those for mega-voltage photon beams. In radiation therapy using mega-voltage photon beams, the photon energy
Landon J Hansen et al.
Cancer research, 79(13), 3383-3394 (2019-05-02)
Homozygous deletion of methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP) is one of the most frequent genetic alterations in glioblastoma (GBM), but its pathologic consequences remain unclear. In this study, we report that loss of MTAP results in profound epigenetic reprogramming characterized by hypomethylation
Page 1 of 3
Page 1 of 3