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Michael Lofgren et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(43), 30980-30989 (2013-09-03)
MeaB is an accessory GTPase protein involved in the assembly, protection, and reactivation of 5'-deoxyadenosyl cobalamin-dependent methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (MCM). Mutations in the human ortholog of MeaB result in methylmalonic aciduria, an inborn error of metabolism. G-proteins typically utilize conserved switch
David Preiss et al.
The lancet. Diabetes & endocrinology, 2(2), 116-124 (2014-03-14)
Metformin reduces cardiovascular risk in patients with type 2 diabetes seemingly independent of lowering blood glucose concentration. We assessed the cardiovascular effects of metformin in individuals without type 2 diabetes. We did a single-centre, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial at the Glasgow
C M Miller et al.
New Zealand veterinary journal, 63(4), 211-219 (2015-01-16)
To measure the magnitude and variability in production responses to anthelmintic treatments administered to adult ewes around lambing. Ewes carrying twin lambs, from sheep and beef farms (eight in Year 1 and six in Year 2) in the Wairarapa region
Simon J Moore et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(37), 14906-14911 (2013-08-08)
It has been known for the past 20 years that two pathways exist in nature for the de novo biosynthesis of the coenzyme form of vitamin B12, adenosylcobalamin, representing aerobic and anaerobic routes. In contrast to the aerobic pathway, the
Ann Brunick et al.
Dental assistant (Chicago, Ill. : 1994), 82(4), 12-12 (2013-09-06)
This course will teach the desirable characteristics of nitrous oxide, indications and contraindications for N2O/O2 use, as well as facts and myths surrounding chronic exposure to nitrous oxide, the biologic effects associated with high levels of the gas, and ways
Alexandra C Weaver et al.
Toxins, 6(12), 3336-3353 (2014-12-24)
To evaluate the effects of the mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEA) on pigs and the benefits of two mycotoxin mitigation strategies, gilts (n = 84, 9.1 ± 0.1 kg) were allotted to four treatments: CON (control); MT (4.8 mg/kg
Azita Hekmatdoost et al.
PloS one, 10(12), e0143569-e0143569 (2015-12-03)
To determine whether 5-methylenetetrahydrofolate (MTHF) is more effective than folic acid supplementation in treatment of recurrent abortion in different MTHFR gene C677T and A1298C polymorphisms. A randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted April 2011-September 2014 in recurrent abortion clinics in
Jeongdae Im et al.
Environmental science & technology, 48(22), 13181-13187 (2014-10-21)
The hydrofluoroolefin 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf) has been introduced to replace 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) as refrigerant in mobile, including vehicle, air conditioning systems because of its lower global warming potential. HFO-1234yf is volatile at ambient temperatures; however, high production volumes and widespread handling
M Verdú et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(6), 3018-3033 (2015-06-27)
A total of 240 Holstein bulls (121 ± 2.0 kg initial BW; 99 ± 1.0 d of age), from 2 consecutive fattening cycles, were randomly allocated in 1 of 6 pens and assigned to 1 of the 3 treatments consisting
Taliha Öner et al.
Pediatrics, 133(1), e138-e142 (2013-12-25)
Vitamin B12 is involved in the production of adrenaline from noradrenaline. It is the cofactor involved in catecholamine degradation and plays a role in myelin synthesis. The current study aimed to investigate the association between vitamin B12 levels and postural
Lawrence R Solomon
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 61(4), 577-582 (2013-03-26)
To determine whether high serum folate levels contribute to metabolite changes in elderly subjects with normal cobalamin levels. Case series. Outpatient clinic at a university-based staff model health maintenance organization. Two hundred thirty-three ambulatory individuals without diabetes mellitus with normal
Vladimir M Korkhov et al.
Nature structural & molecular biology, 21(12), 1097-1099 (2014-11-18)
The reaction mechanism of BtuCD-F-catalyzed vitamin B12 transport into Escherichia coli is currently unclear. Here we present the structure of the last missing state in the form of AMP-PNP-bound BtuCD, trapped by a disulfide cross-link. Our structural and biochemical data
Ryan Sturms et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 197(14), 2412-2421 (2015-05-13)
Bacterial microcompartments (MCPs) are a diverse family of protein-based organelles composed of metabolic enzymes encapsulated within a protein shell. The function of bacterial MCPs is to optimize metabolic pathways by confining toxic and/or volatile metabolic intermediates. About 20% of bacteria
Huifeng Shan et al.
AMB Express, 4, 48-48 (2014-11-18)
A fermentative enrichment culture (designated DHM-1) that grows on corn syrup was evaluated for its ability to cometabolically biodegrade high concentrations of chloroform (CF), carbon tetrachloride (CT), and trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11). When provided with corn syrup and vitamin B12 (0.03 mol B12
András Jeney
Orvosi hetilap, 154(44), 1754-1758 (2013-10-29)
Increased blood cell regeneration in exsanguinated experimental animals treated either with liver or with aqueous liver extracts was reported by Whipple and by Jeney and Jobling, respectively. These findings stimulated Minot and Murphy to provide evidence for the efficacy of
Brad Hine et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 115(11), 1948-1954 (2014-06-11)
Intestinal uptake of vitamin B12 (hereafter B12) is impaired in a significant proportion of the human population. This impairment is due to inherited or acquired defects in the expression or function of proteins involved in the binding of diet-derived B12
Ontario health technology assessment series, 13(23), 1-45 (2014-01-01)
More than 2.9 million serum vitamin B12 tests were performed in 2010 in Ontario at a cost of $40 million. Vitamin B12 deficiency has been associated with a few neurocognitive disorders. To determine the clinical utility of B12 testing in
Grishma Rane et al.
Rejuvenation research, 18(3), 203-210 (2014-12-30)
Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and plasma homocysteine (HCY) have been independently associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. However, few studies have investigated the association between LTL and HCY levels. This study investigated the association of LTL with CVD
A F Remacha et al.
Annals of hematology, 93(4), 565-569 (2013-09-24)
Plasma holotranscobalamin (holoTC) transports active cobalamin. Decreased levels of holoTC have been considered to be the earliest marker of cobalamin (Cbl) deficiency. In this work, holoTC was evaluated in low or borderline serum Cbl (LB12) and a concordance analysis was
Daniela Baldoni et al.
Molecular imaging and biology : MIB : the official publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging, 17(6), 829-837 (2015-04-11)
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin, Cbl) is accumulated by rapidly replicating prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. We investigated the potential of a Tc-99m labelled Cbl derivative ([(99m)Tc]PAMA(4)-Cbl) for targeting infections caused by Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. In vitro binding assays were followed
Marzia Dolcino et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e97571-e97571 (2014-05-17)
Regular intravenous immunoglobulin treatment is used to replace antibody deficiency in primary immunodeficiency diseases; however the therapeutic effect seems to be related not only to antibody replacement but also to an active role in the modulation of the immune response.
Anita Dayaldasani et al.
International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition, 84(1-2), 92-97 (2014-01-01)
Low maternal vitamin B12 status is a risk factor for various adverse pregnancy outcomes. Although vitamin B12 deficiency is not a primary target of newborn screening (NBS) programs, measurements of propionylcarnitine (C3) and its ratios with acetylcarnitine (C3/C2) and palmitoylcarnitine
Reiko Nishihara et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 100(6), 1479-1488 (2014-11-21)
Although a higher consumption of alcohol, which is a methyl-group antagonist, was previously associated with colorectal cancer risk, mechanisms remain poorly understood. We hypothesized that excess alcohol consumption might increase risk of colorectal carcinoma with hypomethylation of insulin-like growth factor
Theodoros Michelakos et al.
Journal of aging and health, 25(4), 589-616 (2013-04-10)
To summarize existing evidence on the effect of serum folate and vitamin B12 levels on cognitive impairment among elders via a meta-analysis, also including unpublished data from a cross-sectional study of seniors ( > 65 years) residing in Velestino, Greece.
Vitamin B12 and pernicious anemia--the dawn of molecular medicine.
H Franklin Bunn
The New England journal of medicine, 370(8), 773-776 (2014-02-21)
Stephen D Merrigan et al.
American journal of clinical pathology, 141(5), 702-705 (2014-04-10)
To systematically assess five automated cobalamin assays for intrinsic factor binding antibody (IFBA)-induced interference using pooled serum. Six pools created from IFBA-negative and IFBA-positive serum representing low, normal, and high cobalamin concentrations were analyzed before and after polyethylene glycol (PEG)
Satoru Watanabe et al.
Acta haematologica, 133(1), 83-88 (2014-08-30)
In some previous studies, vitamin B12 treatment showed immunomodulatory effects and restored the immunological abnormalities in patients with pernicious anemia (PA). In the present study, peripheral blood T cell subsets, including regulatory T cells (T(reg)s), were examined before and after
Dieuwertje E G Kok et al.
Clinical epigenetics, 7, 121-121 (2015-11-17)
Folate and its synthetic form folic acid function as donor of one-carbon units and have been, together with other B-vitamins, implicated in programming of epigenetic processes such as DNA methylation during early development. To what extent regulation of DNA methylation
Regan L Bailey et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 98(2), 460-467 (2013-06-28)
No consensus exists about which cutoff point should be applied for serum vitamin B-12 (SB-12) concentrations to define vitamin B-12 status in population-based research. The study's aim was to identify whether a change point exists at which the relation between
Jack Metz
South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde, 103(12 Suppl 1), 978-981 (2013-12-05)
Reports from some Western countries indicate that mandatory folate food fortification (FFF) has substantially reduced the prevalence of folate deficiency, leading to calls for folate testing following FFF to be limited to specific indications such as macrocytic anaemia. This is
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