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Random and oriented electrospun fibers based on a multicomponent, in situ clickable elastin-like recombinamer system for dermal tissue engineering.

Acta biomaterialia (2018-03-27)
Israel González de Torre, Arturo Ibáñez-Fonseca, Luis Quintanilla, Matilde Alonso, José-Carlos Rodríguez-Cabello
ABSTRACT

Herein we present a system to obtain fibers from clickable elastin-like recombinamers (ELRs) that crosslink in situ during the electrospinning process itself, with no need for any further treatment to stabilize them. These ELR-click fibers are completely stable under in vitro conditions. A wrinkled fiber morphology is obtained. In addition to a random fiber orientation, oriented fibers with a high degree of alignment and coherence can also be obtained by using a rotational electrode. The production of multicomponent fibers means that different functionalities, such as cell-adhesion domains (RGD peptides), can be incorporated into them. In a subsequent study, two main cell lines present in the dermis and epidermis, namely keratinocytes and fibroblasts, were cultured on top of the ELR-click fibers. Adhesion, proliferation, fluorescence, immunostaining and histology studies showed the cytocompatibility of these scaffolds, thus suggesting their possible use for wound dressings in skin tissue engineering applications. For the first time stable electrospun bioactive fibers are obtained by the in situ mixing of two "clickable" ELR components previously described by Gonzalez et al (Acta Biomaterialia 2014). This work describes an efficient system to prepare fibrous scaffolds based on peptidic polymers by electrospinning without the need of crosslinking agents that could be harmful for cells or living tissues. These bioactive fibers support cell growth due to the inclusion of RGD motifs (Staubli et al. Biomaterials 2017). Finally, the in vitro biocompatibility of the two main cell types found in the outer layers of skin, fibroblasts and keratinocytes, indicates that this system is of great interest to prepare elastic artificial skin substitutes for wound healing applications.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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Bovine Serum Albumin, lyophilized powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture
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Paraformaldehyde, reagent grade, crystalline
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Monoclonal Anti-Vinculin antibody produced in mouse, clone hVIN-1, ascites fluid
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Triton X-100, laboratory grade