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iTRAQ-based proteomic analysis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells with platelet endothelial aggregation receptor-1 knockdown.

Journal of cellular biochemistry (2019-02-28)
Yongjian Yue, Shengguo Liu, Xuemei Han, Minlian Wang, Yazhen Li, Qijun Huang, Bo Li, Mo Yang, Yong Dai, Yingyun Fu
ABSTRACT

The disorders of hemostasis and coagulation were believed to be the main contributors to the pathogenesis of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE), and platelets are the basic factors regulating hemostasis and coagulation and play important roles in the process of thrombosis. This study investigated the proteome of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) with platelet endothelial aggregation receptor-1 (PEAR1) knockdown using the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) method and analyzed the role of differential abundance proteins (DAPs) in the regulation of platelets aggregation. Our results showed that the conditioned media-culturing HUVECs with PEAR1 knockdown partially suppressed the adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation. The proteomics analysis was performed by using the iTRAQ technique, and a total of 215 DAPs (124 protein was upregulated and 91 protein were downregulated) were identified. The Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis showed that proteins related to platelet α granule, adenosine triphosphate metabolic process, and endocytosis were significantly enriched. Further, the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis also identified the significant enrichment of endocytosis-related pathways. The real-time polymerase chain reaction assay confirmed that the expression of P2Y12 , mitochondrial carrier 2, NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) iron-sulfur protein 3, and ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase hinge protein are significantly downregulated in the HUVECs with PEAR1 knockdown. In conclusion, our in vitro results implicated that DAPs induced by PEAR1 knockdown might contribute to the platelet aggregation. Proteomic studies by employing GO enrichment and KEGG pathway analysis suggested that the potential effects of DAPs on platelet aggregation may be linked to the balance of ADP synthesis or degradation in mitochondria.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Arachidonic acid, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagen, from bovine flexor tendon