• Home
  • Search Results
  • Genome-Wide CRISPR Screen Reveals Autophagy Disruption as the Convergence Mechanism That Regulates the NRF2 Transcription Factor.

Genome-Wide CRISPR Screen Reveals Autophagy Disruption as the Convergence Mechanism That Regulates the NRF2 Transcription Factor.

Molecular and cellular biology (2019-04-24)
Michael J Kerins, Pengfei Liu, Wang Tian, William Mannheim, Donna D Zhang, Aikseng Ooi
ABSTRACT

The nuclear factor (erythroid 2)-like 2 (NRF2 or NFE2L2) transcription factor regulates the expression of many genes that are critical in maintaining cellular homeostasis. Its deregulation has been implicated in many diseases, including cancer and metabolic and neurodegenerative diseases. While several mechanisms by which NRF2 can be activated have gradually been identified over time, a more complete regulatory network of NRF2 is still lacking. Here we show through a genome-wide clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) screen that a total of 273 genes, when knocked out, will lead to sustained NRF2 activation. Pathway analysis revealed a significant overrepresentation of genes (18 of the 273 genes) involved in autophagy. Molecular validation of a subset of the enriched genes identified 8 high-confidence genes that negatively regulate NRF2 activity irrespective of cell type: ATG12, ATG7, GOSR1, IFT172, NRXN2, RAB6A, VPS37A, and the well-known negative regulator of NRF2, KEAP1 Of these, ATG12, ATG7, KEAP1, and VPS37A are known to be involved in autophagic processes. Our results present a comprehensive list of NRF2 negative regulators and reveal an intimate link between autophagy and NRF2 regulation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Insulin from bovine pancreas, powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-β-Actin antibody, Mouse monoclonal, clone AC-15, purified from hybridoma cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
DL-Sulforaphane, ≥90% (HPLC), synthetic, liquid
Sigma-Aldrich
DL-Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate solution, 45-55 mg/mL in H2O