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Interleukin-13 inhibits proliferation and enhances contractility of human airway smooth muscle cells without change in contractile phenotype.

American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology (2011-04-05)
Paul-André Risse, Taisuke Jo, Fernando Suarez, Nobuaki Hirota, Barbara Tolloczko, Pasquale Ferraro, Peter Grutter, James G Martin
ABSTRACT

IL-13 is an important mediator of allergen-induced airway hyperresponsiveness. This Th2 cytokine, produced by activated T cells, mast cells, and basophils, has been described to mediate a part of its effects independently of inflammation through a direct modulation of the airway smooth muscle (ASM). Previous studies demonstrated that IL-13 induces hyperresponsiveness in vivo and enhances calcium signaling in response to contractile agonists in vitro. We hypothesized that IL-13 drives human ASM cells (ASMC) to a procontractile phenotype. We evaluated ASM phenotype through the ability of the cell to proliferate, to contract, and to express contractile protein in response to IL-13. We found that IL-13 inhibits human ASMC proliferation (expression of Ki67 and bromodeoxyuridine incorporation) in response to serum, increasing the number of cells in G0/G1 phase and decreasing the number of cells in G2/M phases of the cell cycle. IL-13-induced inhibition of proliferation was not dependent on signal transducer and activator of transcription-6 but was IL-13Rα2 receptor dependent and associated with a decrease of Kruppel-like factor 5 expression. In parallel, IL-13 increased calcium signaling and the stiffening of human ASMC in response to 1 μM histamine, whereas the stiffening response to 30 mM KCl was unchanged. However, Western blot analysis showed unchanged levels of calponin, smooth muscle α-actin, vinculin, and myosin. We conclude that IL-13 inhibits proliferation via the IL-13Rα2 receptor and induces hypercontractility of human ASMC without change of the phenotypic markers of contractility.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Monoclonal Anti-Vinculin antibody produced in mouse, clone hVIN-1, ascites fluid
Sigma-Aldrich
Monoclonal Anti-Actin antibody produced in mouse, clone AC-40, ascites fluid
Sigma-Aldrich
Monoclonal Anti-Calponin antibody produced in mouse, clone hCP, ascites fluid