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Bis(maltolato)oxovanadium(IV) Induces Angiogenesis via Phosphorylation of VEGFR2.

International journal of molecular sciences (2020-07-08)
Laura Parma, Hendrika A B Peters, Maria E Johansson, Saray Gutiérrez, Henk Meijerink, Sjef de Kimpe, Margreet R de Vries, Paul H A Quax
ABSTRACT

VEGFR2 and VEGF-A play a pivotal role in the process of angiogenesis. VEGFR2 activation is regulated by protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs), enzymes that dephosphorylate the receptor and reduce angiogenesis. We aim to study the effect of PTPs blockade using bis(maltolato)oxovanadium(IV) (BMOV) on in vivo wound healing and in vitro angiogenesis. BMOV significantly improves in vivo wound closure by 45% in C57BL/6JRj mice. We found that upon VEGFR2 phosphorylation induced by endogenously produced VEGF-A, the addition of BMOV results in increased cell migration (45%), proliferation (40%) and tube formation (27%) in HUVECs compared to control. In a mouse ex vivo, aortic ring assay BMOV increased the number of sprouts by 3 folds when compared to control. However, BMOV coadministered with exogenous VEGF-A increased ECs migration, proliferation and tube formation by only 41%, 18% and 12% respectively and aortic ring sprouting by only 1-fold. We also found that BMOV enhances VEGFR2 Y951 and p38MAPK phosphorylation, but not ERK1/2. The level of phosphorylation of these residues was the same in the groups treated with BMOV supplemented with exogenous VEGF-A and exogenous VEGF-A only. Our study demonstrates that BMOV is able to enhance wound closure in vivo. Moreover, in the presence of endogenous VEGF-A, BMOV is able to stimulate in vitro angiogenesis by increasing the phosphorylation of VEGFR2 and its downstream proangiogenic enzymes. Importantly, BMOV had a stronger proangiogenic effect compared to its effect in coadministration with exogenous VEGF-A.

MATERIALS
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