Merck
  • On-chip quantitative detection of pathogen genes by autonomous microfluidic PCR platform.

On-chip quantitative detection of pathogen genes by autonomous microfluidic PCR platform.

Biosensors & bioelectronics (2015-07-27)
Hiroaki Tachibana, Masato Saito, Shogo Shibuya, Koji Tsuji, Nobuyuki Miyagawa, Keiichiro Yamanaka, Eiichi Tamiya
ABSTRACT

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based genetic testing has become a routine part of clinical diagnoses and food testing. In these fields, rapid, easy-to-use, and cost-efficient PCR chips are expected to be appeared for providing such testing on-site. In this study, a new autonomous disposable plastic microfluidic PCR chip was created, and was utilized for quantitative detection of pathogenic microorganisms. To control the capillary flow of the following solution in the PCR microchannel, a driving microchannel was newly designed behind the PCR microchannel. This allowed the effective PCR by simply dropping the PCR solution onto the inlet without any external pumps. In order to achieve disposability, injection-molded cyclo-olefin polymer (COP) of a cost-competitive plastic was used for the PCR chip. We discovered that coating the microchannel walls with non-ionic surfactant produced a suitable hydrophilic surface for driving the capillary flow through the 1250-mm long microchannel. As a result, quantitative real-time PCR with the lowest initial concentration of human, Escherichia coli (E. coli), and pathogenic E. coli O157 genomic DNA of 4, 0.0019, 0.031 pg/μl, respectively, was successfully achieved in less than 18 min. Our results indicate that the platform presented in this study provided a rapid, easy-to-use, and low-cost real-time PCR system that could be potentially used for on-site gene testing.

MATERIALS
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Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein Phosphoramidite, configured for PerkinElmer, configured for Polygen