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Methylated bases of Bacillus megaterium KM nucleic acids: comparison with Escherichia coli.

Journal of bacteriology (1970-11-01)
J T Wachsman, V Irwin
ABSTRACT

Parallel studies were performed with methionineless derivatives of Escherichia coli 15 T(-) and Bacillus megaterium KM: T(-). Methylated bases are present in the total cell ribonucleic acid (RNA) of B. megaterium. The level of RNA methylation in E. coli is about 60% greater than that in B. megaterium. Although E. coli deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) was found to contain 0.12% 5-methylcytosine (5-MC) and 0.24% 6-methylaminopurine (6-MA), methylated bases were not detected in the DNA of B. megaterium. Assuming a molecular weight of 7 x 10(9) daltons for B. megaterium DNA, it was calculated that this organism could not contain more than one molecule of 5-MC or 6-MA per genome, and that possibly no methylated bases were present. Methylated bases were also not detected in the DNA of thymine-starved B. megaterium. Crude extracts of this organism possess RNA methylase activity but no detectable DNA methylase activity.

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Liquified Phenol, ≥89.0%