Merck
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D150959

Sigma-Aldrich

1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride

97%

Sinónimos:
Metformin
Fórmula lineal:
NH2C(=NH)NHC(=NH)N(CH3)2 · HCl
Número de CAS:
Peso molecular:
165.62
Número de EC:
Número MDL:
ID de la sustancia en PubChem:
NACRES:
NA.22

ensayo

97%

formulario

crystals

mp

223-226 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

Cl[H].CN(C)C(=N)NC(N)=N

InChI

1S/C4H11N5.ClH/c1-9(2)4(7)8-3(5)6;/h1-2H3,(H5,5,6,7,8);1H

InChI key

OETHQSJEHLVLGH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

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Descripción general

1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride (metformin) is a strong base. It forms well defined salts and possessing excellent coordination capacity with transition metals, forming highly colored bidentate chelate complexes. Metformin (MET) exists in various forms: diprotonated (H2MET)2+ in strong acidic solution, monoprotonated (HMET)+ in weak acid, MET in neutral and deprotonated (MET)- in strong alkali solution. It is an oral antidiabetic drug. Pharmacokinetics of metformin has been studied. Determination of metformin in human plasma has been described by simple HPLC-UV method. Metformin is reported to increase plasma active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in humans.

Aplicación

1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride is suitable biguanide agent used in a study to investigate its role in enhancing the secretions of plasma active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels. It may be used in the synthesis of the following:
  • bis(1,1-dimethylbiguanido)copper(II) octahydrate
  • bis(1,1-dimethylbiguanido)nickel(II)
  • 1,1-dimethylbiguanidium tetrabromothallate(III)

Envase

5 g in glass bottle

Acciones bioquímicas o fisiológicas

Metformin is an antidiabetic agent that reduces blood glucose levels and improves insulin sensitivity. Its metabolic effects, including the inhibition of hepatic gluconeogenesis, are mediated at least in part by activation of the LKB1-AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) pathway. Activation of this pathway also appears to be involved in the antiproliferative and proapoptotic actions of metformin in cancer cell lines.

pictogramas

Exclamation mark

Palabra de señalización

Warning

Frases de peligro

Clasificaciones de peligro

Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Código de clase de almacenamiento

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Equipo de protección personal

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificado de Análisis

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Certificado de origen

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  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. What solvents can be used to dissolve Product D150959, 1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride?

    According to the chemicals encyclopedia published by the Royal Society of Chemistry, 1,1-dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride is expected to be soluble in water, or in 95% alcohol.

  6. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

1,1-Dimethylbiguanidium tetrabromothallate (III).
He Z, et al.
Acta Crystallographica Section E, Structure Reports Online, 58(11), m647-m649 (2002)
Bis (1, 1-dimethylbiguanido) nickel (II).
Zhu M, et al.
Acta Crystallographica Section E, Structure Reports Online, 58(6), 272-274 (2002)
Nobuyuki Yasuda et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 298(5), 779-784 (2002-11-07)
Metformin was reported to increase plasma active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in humans. There are two possible mechanisms for this effect: (1) metformin inhibits dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV), an enzyme degrading GLP-1, and (2) metformin enhances GLP-1 secretion. To elucidate the
Bis (1,1-dimethylbiguanido) copper (II) octahydrate.
Zhu M, et al.
Acta Crystallographica Section E, Structure Reports Online, 58(5), 217-219 (2002)
Hui-Ying Tsai et al.
Disease models & mechanisms, 13(8) (2020-07-19)
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inherited error in the metabolism of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) caused by a severe deficiency of the branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase (BCKDH) complex, which ultimately leads to neurological disorders. The limited therapies, including protein-restricted

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