Merck
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49779

Sigma-Aldrich

Glycerol

tested according to Ph. Eur., anhydrous

Sinónimos:
Glycerolum, 1,2,3-Propanetriol, Glycerin
Fórmula lineal:
HOCH2CH(OH)CH2OH
Número de CAS:
Peso molecular:
92.09
Beilstein:
635685
Número de EC:
Número MDL:
ID de la sustancia en PubChem:
NACRES:
NA.21

Nivel de calidad

200

Agency

USP/NF
tested according to Ph. Eur.

densidad de vapor

3.1 (vs air)

presión de vapor

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

temp. de autoignición

698 °F

índice de refracción

n20/D 1.474 (lit.)

bp

182 °C/20 mmHg (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

densidad

1.25 g/mL (lit.)

SMILES string

OCC(O)CO

InChI

1S/C3H8O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h3-6H,1-2H2

InChI key

PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Descripción general

Glycerol is odourless, colorless, viscous in nature, and exists as a sweet tasting liquid. It can be derived naturally as well as from petrochemical feedstock. Glycerol has a wide variety of applications, and is one of the most valuable and versatile chemical substances in nature. It can be used as an emollient, solvent, sweetening agent, in pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetics, foodstuffs and toiletries. It is very stable and can be easily stored under normal temperature; also it is non-irritating and has no adverse impact to the environment.

Aplicación

Glycerol has been used as
  • a supplement during cell culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium.
  • a fuel during designing enzymatic biofuel cell.
  • a liquid composite matrix with 4-HCCA and 3-amino­quinoline for analysis of neutral and acidic glycans.
  • a matrix for fast atom bombardment MS.
  • may be employed as liquid matrix for the quantification studies by MALDI (Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry) analysis.
Glycerol is used both in sample preparation and gel formation for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Glycerol (5-10%) increases the density of a sample so that the sample will layer at the bottom of a gel′s sample well. Glycerol is also used to aid in casting gradient gels and as a protein stabilizer and storage buffer component.

Acciones bioquímicas o fisiológicas

Glycerol is hygroscopic in nature and is soluble in water owing to its three hydrophilic alcoholic hydroxyl groups. It can form both inter- and intramolecular hydrogen bonds, making it a very flexible molecule. The physiologic effect of glycerine is due to cell-mediated immunity, increased IgG production and increased histamine release.

Código de clase de almacenamiento

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Punto de inflamabilidad F

390.2 °F - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Punto de inflamabilidad C

199 °C - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Equipo de protección personal

Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificado de Análisis

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Certificado de origen

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  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. What is the viscosity of glycerol?

    The viscosity of glycerol is 648 Centistokes at 20 Deg C (68 Deg F).

  6. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

The mechanism of the protective action of glycerol against haemolysis by freezing and thawing.
J E LOVELOCK
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 11(1), 28-36 (1953-05-01)
Nafiseh Masoumi et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 101(1), 104-114 (2012-07-25)
Microfabricated poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS) scaffolds may be applicable to tissue engineering heart valve leaflets by virtue of their controllable microstructure, stiffness, and elasticity. In this study, PGS scaffolds were computationally designed and microfabricated by laser ablation to match the anisotropy
Shelley L Forrest et al.
The Journal of comparative neurology, 522(17), 3900-3927 (2014-07-22)
Artemin is a member of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family that has been strongly implicated in development and regeneration of autonomic nerves and modulation of nociception. Whereas other members of this family (GDNF and neurturin) primarily target
Tian Qiu et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5119-5119 (2014-11-05)
Biological microorganisms swim with flagella and cilia that execute nonreciprocal motions for low Reynolds number (Re) propulsion in viscous fluids. This symmetry requirement is a consequence of Purcell's scallop theorem, which complicates the actuation scheme needed by microswimmers. However, most
Hovsep Mahdessian et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(24), 8913-8918 (2014-06-14)
Genome-wide association studies have identified a locus on chromosome 19 associated with plasma triglyceride (TG) concentration and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. However, the identity and functional role of the gene(s) responsible for these associations remain unknown. Of 19 expressed genes

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