Merck
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494488

Sigma-Aldrich

N,N-Dimethylformamide

biotech. grade, ≥99.9%

Sinónimos:
DMF, NSC 5356
Fórmula lineal:
HCON(CH3)2
Número de CAS:
Peso molecular:
73.09
Beilstein:
605365
Número de EC:
Número MDL:
ID de la sustancia en PubChem:
NACRES:
NA.21

Nivel de calidad

200

grado

biotech. grade

densidad de vapor

2.5 (vs air)

presión de vapor

2.7 mmHg ( 20 °C)

ensayo

≥99.9%

formulario

liquid

temp. de autoignición

833 °F

lim. expl.

15.2 %

impurezas

≤0.0005 meq/g Titr. acid
≤0.003 meq/g Titr. base
≤0.005% (water)
<8 ppm Free amines as dimethylamine

residuo de evap.

<0.0005%

índice de refracción

n20/D 1.430 (lit.)

pH

7 (20 °C, 200 g/L)

bp

153 °C (lit.)

mp

−61 °C (lit.)

solubilidad

water: miscible

densidad

0.944 g/mL (lit.)

Absorción UV

λ: 270 nm Amax: ≤1.0
λ: 275 nm Amax: ≤0.30
λ: 295 nm Amax: ≤0.10
λ: 310 nm Amax: ≤0.05
λ: 340 nm Amax: ≤0.01
λ: 400 nm Amax: ≤0.01

application(s)

peptide synthesis

SMILES string

[H]C(=O)N(C)C

InChI

1S/C3H7NO/c1-4(2)3-5/h3H,1-2H3

InChI key

ZMXDDKWLCZADIW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Descripción general

N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) is a polar organic solvent with a wide range of industrial applications. It is a precursor for numerous reactions such as formylation, aminocarbonylation, amination, amidation and cyanation. Along with phosphorus oxychloride, it forms Vilsmeier reagent used in the formylation of reactive aromatic and heteroaromatic substrates. Dielectric relaxation experiments on DMF have been conducted between 238.15K and 338.15K. The thermophysical properties of the molecular interactions between DMF and the ionic liquids, ammonium salts and imidazolium salts have been studied. The characteristics of solute-solvent interactions between ammonium nitrate and DMF have been investigated.

Aplicación

N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) has been used for the preparation of tetraformylcavitand precursor for generating octahedral nanocontainer.
Solvent for many hydrophobic organic compounds.

Envase

20 L in Nowpak™ II
56, 400 L in Pure-Pac™ 1
20 L in Pure-Pac™ 2
10 L in stainless steel drum
1, 6×1, 2 L in Sure/Seal™
18 L in Pure-Pac™ 1

Palabra de señalización

Danger

Clasificaciones de peligro

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Repr. 1B

Código de clase de almacenamiento

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Punto de inflamabilidad F

135.5 °F - closed cup

Punto de inflamabilidad C

57.5 °C - closed cup

Certificado de Análisis

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Certificado de origen

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A simple one-pot multicomponent synthesis of an octahedral nanocontainer molecule.
Liu X and Warmuth R.
Nature Protocols, 2(5), 1288-1296 (2007)
N,N-Dimethylformamide: much more than a solvent.
Muzart J.
Tetrahedron, 65(40), 8313-8323 (2009)
Review article on Vilsmeier Haack reaction and its Applications.
Beniwal M and Jain N.
European Journal of Biomedical AND Pharmaceutical sciences, 2(3), 1340-1374 (2015)
Volumetric properties of ammonium nitrate in N,N-dimethylformamide.
Vranes M, et al.
The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 54, 245-249 (2012)
The dynamics of liquid formamide, N-methylformamide, N,N-dimethylformamide, and N,N-dimethylacetamide. A dielectric relaxation study.
Barthel J, et al.
Journal of Molecular Liquids, 98, 51-69 (2002)

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