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84378

Sigma-Aldrich

Nitric acid

puriss. p.a., 65.0-67.0%

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
HNO3
Número de CAS:
Peso molecular:
63.01
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
38060304
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

vapor pressure

8 mmHg ( 20 °C)

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

65.0-67.0%

form

liquid

ign. residue

≤0.0005% (as SO4)

pH

< 1.0

bp

120.5 °C (lit.)

density

1.37-1.41 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.5 mg/kg
phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤1 mg/kg

cation traces

Ag: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Al: ≤0.05 mg/kg
As: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.2 mg/kg
Hg: ≤0.005 mg/kg
K: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Na: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Tl: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.05 mg/kg

SMILES string

O[N+]([O-])=O

InChI

1S/HNO3/c2-1(3)4/h(H,2,3,4)

InChI key

GRYLNZFGIOXLOG-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Nitric acid (HNO3) is a highly corrosive strong mineral acid. In HNO3, nitrogen element exhibits +5 oxidation state. 10%(v/v) nitric acid solution is useful for cleaning laboratory glasswares. Reaction of HNO3 with various original and synthetic mineral dust/mineral oxide surfaces was studied in a low-pressure Knudsen reactor operating at 298K.

Application

Used for the decomposition of organic and inorganic samples for det. of mercury
Nitric acid (HNO3) may be used in the following studies:
  • Oxidation of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs).
  • Removal of transition metal catalyst from the single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) during the purification of SWNTs.
  • Trace determinations of Pb and Cd in aqueous medium by flame atomic absorption spectrometry.
  • Preparation of lead dioxide (PbO2).

Packaging

1, 2.5 L in glass bottle

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Ox. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1A

Supplementary Hazards

Storage Class Code

5.1B - Oxidizing hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Certificado de Análisis

Certificado de origen

Eduardo Carasek et al.
Talanta, 56(1), 185-191 (2008-10-31)
The need for highly reliable methods for the determination of trace elements has been recognised in analytical chemistry and environmental science. A method for the trace analysis of Pb and Cd in natural waters is described. In a preconcentration step...
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 590-590 (1994)
Oxidation of multiwalled carbon nanotubes by nitric acid.
Rosca ID, et al.
Carbon, 43(15), 3124-3131 (2005)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 698-698 (1994)
Heterogeneous reactivity of gaseous nitric acid on Al2O3, CaCO3, and atmospheric dust samples: A Knudsen cell study.
Hanisch F and Crowley JN.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 105(13), 3096-3106 (2001)

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