A8523

Sigma-Aldrich

Amoxicillin

potency: ≥900 μg per mg

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C16H19N3O5S
Número de CAS:
Peso molecular:
365.40
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
7507120
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.85

Quality Level

form

solid

potency

≥900 μg per mg

solubility

1 M NH4OH: 50 mg/mL

Mode of action

cell wall synthesis | interferes

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CC1(C)S[C@@H]2[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](N)c3ccc(O)cc3)C(=O)N2[C@H]1C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C16H19N3O5S/c1-16(2)11(15(23)24)19-13(22)10(14(19)25-16)18-12(21)9(17)7-3-5-8(20)6-4-7/h3-6,9-11,14,20H,17H2,1-2H3,(H,18,21)(H,23,24)/t9-,10-,11+,14-/m1/s1

InChI key

LSQZJLSUYDQPKJ-NJBDSQKTSA-N

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Categorías relacionadas

General description

Chemical structure: ß-lactam

Application

Amoxicillin is used to study the oxygen dependent antimicrobial systems of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs), the risk of resistance development in Helicobacter pylor, and various dosing strategies against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Pneumococcal pneumonia . It is also used to study the synthesis of bacterial cell walls at the level of peptidoglycan polymer chain cross-linking involving bacterial transpeptidase.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Amoxicillin is a broad-spectrum, β-lactam antibiotic. It inhibits the cross-linkage between linear peptidoglycan polymer chains that are the major component of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

pictograms

Health hazard

signalword

Danger

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Laurent Poirel et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 54(11), 4914-4916 (2010-09-09)
A multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli isolate recovered in Australia produced a carbapenem-hydrolyzing β-lactamase. Molecular investigations revealed the first identification of the bla(NDM-1) metallo-β-lactamase gene in that country. In addition, this E. coli isolate expressed the extended-spectrum β-lactamase CTX-M-15, together with two...
Yohei Doi et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 52(6), 1952-1956 (2008-03-26)
A chromosomally encoded class D beta-lactamase, OXA-114, was characterized from Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain CIP69598. beta-Lactamase OXA-114 shared 56% amino acid identity with the naturally occurring class D beta-lactamase of Burkholderia cenocepacia and 42% identity with the acquired oxacillinases OXA-9 and...
José-Manuel Rodríguez-Martínez et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 53(5), 1766-1771 (2009-03-05)
The characterization of AmpC-type beta-lactamases was performed in a collection of 32 clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates with intermediate susceptibility or resistance to imipenem and ceftazidime. Twenty-one out of those 32 isolates overexpressed AmpC beta-lactamase, and the MICs of ceftazidime and...
Heather K Sun et al.
The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 56(3), 559-565 (2005-07-19)
Amoxicillin and clarithromycin have been proven to be effective in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia. This study investigated the in vivo bactericidal efficacy of a novel, pulsatile dosing strategy for amoxicillin and clarithromycin, when used as monotherapy and combination therapy....
M Sörberg et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 42(5), 1222-1228 (1998-05-21)
We have studied initial killing, morphological alterations, the frequency of occurrence, and the selective growth of resistant subpopulations of Helicobacter pylori during exposure to amoxicillin, clarithromycin, or metronidazole by bioluminescence assay of intracellular ATP levels, microscopy, and a viable count...

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