D5376

Sigma-Aldrich

Dextran from Leuconostoc mesenteroides

average mol wt 1,500,000-2,800,000

Fórmula lineal:
(C6H10O5)n
Número de CAS:
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

biological source

bacterial (Leuconostoc mesenteroides)

form

powder

optical activity

[α]/D 199°

mol wt

average mol wt 1,500,000-2,800,000

storage temp.

2-8°C

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Application

Dextrans are used in many applications as platelet aggregants, plasma volume extenders, osmotic pressure regulators, stabilizers, organ separation media, matrix components, copolymers, microcarriers, binding agents, viscosity modifiers, antithrombotics, lubricants and physical structure components. They may be used as long hydrophilic spacer arms to improve the performance (freedom of movement) of conjugated/bound proteins. Dextrans may be derivatized for use in biosensor systems.
Dextrans of less than 60,000Da are generally considered low molecular weight dextrans. Low molecular weight dextrans are often preferred versus high molecular weight dextrans due to their viscosities, aggregation and permeation properties. High molecular weight, water-soluble, dextran polymers have been used in a wide variety of biomedical applications. Dextran (1500-2800), a high molecular weight dextran, may be used to induce blood aggregation and as a high viscosity plasma expander (HVPE).
Use of dextrans as long and hydrophilic spacer arms improves the performance of immobilized proteins acting on macromolecules.

Preparation Note

With the exception of the highest MW dextran, D5501 (MW range = 5 million to 40 million), dextrans are very water soluble. Sigma tests the solubility of dextrans at concentrations generally exceeding 30 mg/ml in water. Dextrans are also freely soluble in DMSO, formamide, ethylene glycol, and glycerol. Neutral-aqueous dextran solutions can be sterilized by autoclaving at 110-115oC for 30 to 45 minutes. Dextran can be hydrolyzed by strong acids at high temperatures. The terminal reducing end group of dextran can be oxidized in alkaline solutions.

storage_class_code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificado de Análisis

Certificado de origen

Tahmineh Khazaei et al.
Science advances, 6(33), eaba0353-eaba0353 (2020-08-28)
Major changes in the microbiome are associated with health and disease. Some microbiome states persist despite seemingly unfavorable conditions, such as the proliferation of aerobe-anaerobe communities in oxygen-exposed environments in wound infections or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Mechanisms underlying transitions...
Carlos Tassa et al.
Accounts of chemical research, 44(10), 842-852 (2011-06-15)
Advances in our understanding of the genetic basis of disease susceptibility coupled with prominent successes for molecular targeted therapies have resulted in an emerging strategy of personalized medicine. This approach envisions risk stratification and therapeutic selection based on an individual's...
Zhiyang Li et al.
Journal of biomedical nanotechnology, 9(11), 1945-1949 (2013-09-26)
For reducing the steric hindrance and nonspecific binding of the target DNA, the dextran was used as molecular arms to be immobilized on the surface of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). Magnetic separation was used in preparation of dextran-MNPs (DMNPs). Aspartic acid...
Yang Yang et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1840(1), 288-293 (2013-10-01)
Abnormal adhesion of red blood cells (RBCs) to vascular endothelium is often associated with reduced levels of sialic acids on RBC membranes and with elevated levels of pro-adhesive plasma proteins. However, the synergistic effects of these two factors on the...
Elizabeth M Bradshaw et al.
Nature neuroscience, 16(7), 848-850 (2013-05-28)
In our functional dissection of the CD33 Alzheimer's disease susceptibility locus, we found that the rs3865444(C) risk allele was associated with greater cell surface expression of CD33 in the monocytes (t50 = 10.06, P(joint) = 1.3 × 10(-13)) of young...
Protocolos
Dextran is a polymer of anhydroglucose. It is composed of approximately 95% alpha-D-(1-6) linkages. The remaining a(1-3) linkages account for the branching of dextran. Conflicting data on the branch lengths implies that the average branch length is less than three glucose units. However, other methods indicate branches of greater than 50 glucose units exist.
Más información
Contenido relacionado
Learn about C6H10O6 or dextran formation, classes and naming from MilliporeSigma. Dextrans are polysaccharides with molecular weights ≥1,000 Dalton, which have a linear backbone of α-linked d-glucopyranosyl repeating units.
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