22α-Hydroxycholesterol, 5-Cholestene-3β,22[R]-diol, 5-Cholestene-3β,22(R)-diol
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
Número de CAS:
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room temp

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Bovine aortic endothelial cells were treated with 22(R)-Hydroxycholesterol to study the effects on production of free radicals and in studies related to fatty acid metabolism.


1, 5 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

22(R)-Hydroxycholesterol is an intermediate of the pregnenolone synthesis pathway from cholesterol. It reported has neuroprotective properties and protects the neurons against β-amyloid-induced cell death. 22(R)-Hydroxycholesterol acts as the ligand of liver X receptors that act as sensors of sterol concentration and regulates the fatty acid metabolism.

Preparation Note

22(R)-Hydroxycholesterol yield clear, colorless solution in chloroform.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. H9384.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Certificado de Análisis

Certificado de origen

  1. How does the storage temperature relate to shipping conditions?

    The storage conditions that a Sigma-Aldrich catalog and label recommend for products are deliberately conservative. For many products, long-term storage at low temperatures will increase the time during which they are expected to remain in specification and therefore are labeled accordingly. Where short-term storage, shipping time frame, or exposure to conditions other than those recommended for long-term storage will not affect product quality, Sigma-Aldrich will ship at ambient temperature. The products sensitive to short-term exposure to conditions other than their recommended long-term storage are shipped on wet or dry ice. Ambient temperature shipping helps to control shipping costs for our customers. At any time, our customers can request wet- or dry-ice shipment, but the special handling is at customer expense if our product history indicates that the product is stable for regular shipment. See Shipping and Storage for more information.

  2. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

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    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

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  5. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  6. What is product H9384, 22(R)-Hydroxycholesterol, soluble in?  

    Product H9384, 22(R)-Hydroxycholesterol, is reported to be soluble in chloroform (20mg/ml), absolute ethanol (20mg/ml), DMSO (0.1mg/ml) and dimethylformamide (2mg/ml).  Sigma-Aldrich tests solubility of this compound in chloroform at a concentration of 20mg/ml. 

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A Chawla et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5548), 1866-1870 (2001-12-01)
Cholesterol, fatty acids, fat-soluble vitamins, and other lipids present in our diets are not only nutritionally important but serve as precursors for ligands that bind to receptors in the nucleus. To become biologically active, these lipids must first be absorbed...
Nina Hallmark et al.
Environmental health perspectives, 115(3), 390-396 (2007-04-14)
Certain phthalates can impair Leydig cell distribution and steroidogenesis in the fetal rat in utero, but it is unknown whether similar effects might occur in the human. Our aim in this study was to investigate the effects of di(n-butyl) phthalate...
Lourdes Cruz-Garcia et al.
Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology, 160(2), 125-136 (2011-06-04)
The liver X receptor (LXR) has recently been described in salmonids. In mammals, this receptor is already known as a transcriptional factor that regulates diverse aspects of cholesterol, fatty acid and carbohydrate metabolism in various tissues, including muscle. Here we...
Linara Gabitova et al.
Cell reports, 12(11), 1927-1938 (2015-09-08)
Meiosis-activating sterols (MAS) are substrates of SC4MOL and NSDHL in the cholesterol pathway and are important for normal organismal development. Oncogenic transformation by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or RAS increases the demand for cholesterol, suggesting a possibility for metabolic...
Cynthia Hong et al.
Journal of lipid research, 52(3), 531-539 (2010-12-29)
Ligand activation of liver X receptors (LXRs) has been shown to impact both lipid metabolism and inflammation. One complicating factor in studies utilizing synthetic LXR agonists is the potential for pharmacologic and receptor-independent effects. Here, we describe an LXR gain-of-function...

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