Lectin from Phaseolus vulgaris (red kidney bean)

Erythroagglutinin PHA-E

PHA, Phaseolus vulgaris agglutinin

Quality Level


salt-free, lyophilized powder


<10 μg per mL agglutination activity (with erythryocytes)


Protein, ≥80% biuret

storage temp.


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5 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

PHA consists of two molecular species, an erythroagglutinin (PHA-E) which has low mitogenic activity and high erythroagglutinin activity, and leucoagglutinin (PHA-L) which has high mitogenic and leucoagglutinating activity, but very low erythroagglutinating activity.
PHA-E is not blood group specific, but agglutination can be inhibited by certain oligosaccharides. PHA-P is the protein form of PHA prior to separation and purification of erythroagglutinin and leucoagglutinin. PHA-M is the mucoprotein form. Conjugates are prepared from the corresponding purified lectins.


Tested for leucoagglutination.

Preparation Note

Purified by a modification of the method of Leavitt.

Analysis Note

Agglutination activity is expressed in μg/ml and is determined from serial dilutions of a 1 mg/ml solution. This activity is the lowest concentration to agglutinate a suspension of either human erythrocytes (2% in phosphate buffered saline, pH 6.8) or human leukocytes (107 per mL in saline) after 1 hr incubation at 25 °C.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

R D Leavitt et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 252(9), 2961-2966 (1977-05-10)
Affinity-purified phytohemagglutinin from red kidney bean resolves into five isolectins by SP-Sephadex ion exchange chromatography. Recoveries ranging from 30 to 130 mg of protein for each isolectin are easily achieved. The isolectins have similar amino acid compositions which differ only...

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