Necrostatin-1(Nec-1) might exhibit therapeutic benefit against patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). In addition, it might also be used to treat other acute central nervous system (CNS) disorders that feature necroptosis as a mode of cell death.
It is extensively used to study the effect of receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) on cell death and inflammation in experimental disease models.
Nec‐1 protects hippocampal (HT‐22) cells from glutamate‐induced oxytosis via increasing cellular glutathione (GSH) levels, decreasing reactive oxygen species production, inhibiting the nuclear translocation of apoptosis‐inducing factor and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl‐2) /adenovirus E1B 19kDa‐interacting protein 3‐related pathways.
Necrostatin-1 is an inhibitor of necroptosis (non-apoptotic cell death pathway).