Merck

P2636

Sigma-Aldrich

Poli-L-lisina hydrobromide

mol wt 30,000-70,000

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Sinónimos:
L-Lysine homopolymer hydrobromide
Número de CAS:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
32160406
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.26

form

powder

Quality Level

mol wt

30,000-70,000

technique(s)

bioconjugation: suitable
cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

<10% water (Karl Fischer)

color

white to faint yellow

solubility

water: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to light yellow (50 mg/mL, water, Clear, Colorless to light yellow
)

functional group

amine
carboxyl

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

Cl.NCCCCC(N)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C18H38N6O4/c19-10-4-1-7-13(22)16(25)23-14(8-2-5-11-20)17(26)24-15(18(27)28)9-3-6-12-21/h13-15H,1-12,19-22H2,(H,23,25)(H,24,26)(H,27,28)/t13-,14-,15-/m0/s1

InChI key

WBSCNDJQPKSPII-KKUMJFAQSA-N

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technique(s)

bioconjugation: suitable, cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

functional group

amine, carboxyl

functional group

-

functional group

-

functional group

-

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

solubility

water: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to light yellow (50 mg/mL, water, Clear, Colorless to light yellow
)

solubility

-

solubility

-

solubility

-

impurities

<10% water (Karl Fischer)

impurities

-

impurities

-

impurities

-

General description

Poly-L-lysine serves as a versatile and indispensable component in cell culture and biochemical research. It plays a pivotal role in promoting cell adhesion to solid substrates by enhancing the electrostatic interactions between the negatively charged ions of cell membranes and the positively charged ions of attachment factors on culture surfaces. This facilitates a secure binding of cells to the substratum, making Poly-L-lysine highly recommended for cell culture applications.

Derived from the naturally occurring amino acid l-lysine, Poly-L-lysine is available in various forms, allowing for customization in terms of molecular weight and shape. As a synthetic positively charged polymer, it exists in two enantiomers, poly-D-lysine and poly-L-lysine, both of which have their unique applications.

In formulation research, Poly-L-lysine proves to be valuable in nucleic acid delivery. Its positive charge, attributed to the ε-amine on its side chain at physiological pH, enables it to condense plasmid DNA effectively based on salt concentration. While Poly-L-lysine appears suitable for gene delivery, unmodified versions have been associated with low transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity.

In conclusion, Poly-L-lysine offers a multifaceted solution in cell culture and formulation research, enhancing cell adhesion, enabling gene delivery, and contributing significantly to advancements in biochemical and cell biology research.

Application

Poly-L-lysine polymers can be used in promoting cell adhesion to solid substrates, conjugation to methotrexate for increased drug transport, microencapsulation of islets, cell microencapsulation technology, microarray glass slide coating, and chromosomal preparations. Lower molecular weight poly-L-lysine (30,000-70,000) is less viscuous in solution, but higher molecular weight versions provide more attachment sites per molecule.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Poly-L-lysine is a nonspecific attachment factor for cells useful in promoting cell adhesion to solid substrates by enhancing electrostatic interaction between negatively charged ions of the cell membrane and the culture surface. When it is absorbed to the cell culture surface, poly-L-lysine functions to increase the number of positively charged sites available for cell binding. With cells that can digest poly-L-lysine, poly-D-lysine should be used as the attachment factor.

Features and Benefits

  • Can be used in Metabolomics and Biochemical research
  • High-quality compound suitable for multiple research applications

Components

La poli-L-lisina es una polímero de aminoácido con carga positiva con aproximadamente un HBr por residuo de lisina. El hidrobromuro permite a la poli-L-lisina estar en una forma cristalina hidrosoluble. Puede encontrarse una pequeña cantidad del producto en la estructura beta porque el HBr interfiere en el enlace de hidrógeno entre el grupo amino y los grupos carboxilo o los grupos que contienen N u O.

Caution

Las disoluciones estériles son estables durante un máximo de 2 años cuando se conservan entre 2 y 8°C. Deben guardarse desecadas a -20°C.

Preparation Note

This product has a molecular weight of 30,000-70,000. To remove the HBr, dissolve this product in a neutral buffer and dialyze to remove the salts. None of the poly-L-lysine products have been exposed to trifluoroacetic acid and are dialyzed to remove any monomers, dimmers, or trimers, confirmed by thin layer chromatography. In general, to use this product as an attachment factor, add 50 mL of sterile tissue culture grade water to 5 mg of poly-lysine, and aseptically coat the surface with 1 mL per 25 cm2 of solution. After 5 minutes, remove the solution through aspiration and thoroughly rinse the surface. Let dry for two hours before introducing cells and medium.

Analysis Note

Molecular weight based on viscosity and was also assayed by MALLS.

Other Notes

For additional information on our range of Biochemicals, please complete this form.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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