SAE0086

Sigma-Aldrich

Peptidyl Arginine Deiminase Type 4

human recombinant, expressed in E. coli, aqueous solution

Sinónimos:
Protein arginine iminohydrolase 4, PAD4, PADI4
Comisión internacional de enzimas:
3.5.3.15
En este momento no podemos mostrarle ni los precios ni la disponibilidad

Quality Level

biological source

human

assay

≥90% (SDS-PAGE)

form

aqueous solution

specific activity

≥200 units/mg protein

mol wt

74 kDa

application(s)

genomic analysis: suitable

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

Gene Information

human ... PADI4(23569)

General description

Peptidyl Arginine Deiminases (PADs) perform post-translational deiminations of proteins. PADs are calcium-dependent enzymes that catalyze the conversion of L-arginine residues to L-citrulline. The catalyzed reaction is as follows:

2+
Ca Protein--[L-arginine] + H2O ––––> Protein--[L-citrulline]

There are five mammalian PADs sub-types, which differ in substrate specificity and tissue distribution. PAD enzymes are highly homologous, with 50–60% sequence similarity.1 PADs play important roles in gene regulation by citrullination of arginine residues on histones H3, H2A, and H4. Overexpression of PADs has been found in conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, Alzheimer′s disease, multiple sclerosis, lupus,Parkinson′s disease, and cancer.2,3

PAD4 is widely expressed in the immune system with expression pathology in various tumor and cancer cell lines.5 In cells, PAD4 can be found in the cytoplasm and nucleus. PAD4 activity has been correlated to the development and progress of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).2,5 A study in mice has indicated a mechanism for the development of RA by anticitrullin autoimmunity.6

This recombinant human PAD4 is expressed in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein. The fusion partner is removed by HRV3C protease digestion, followed by chromatographic purification.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Calcium is required for peptidylarginine deiminase activity in vitro.

Unit Definition

One unit will produce 1 μmole of N-a-benzoylcitrulline ethyl ester from BAEE per hour at 37 °C at pH 7.7.

Physical form

Supplied as an aqueous solution in 10 mM Tris (pH 7.5), 500 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, and 1 mM DTT.

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

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