from Tripterygium wilfordii, ≥98% (HPLC), solid

PG 490
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
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MDL number:
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biological source

Tripterygium wilfordii


≥98% (HPLC)




white to off-white


DMSO: soluble

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


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Triptolide has been used as a NF-κB inhibitor to study the inhibition of cell invasion and angiogenesis in human thyroid cancer cells6. Triptolide has also been used to study its apoptotic effects in anaplastic thyroid cancer cells7.


1, 5 mg in glass insert

Biochem/physiol Actions

Triptolide is a diterpene triepoxide, the principal active ingredient in extracts from the Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii hook (TwHF). It is a potent immunosuppressant and anti-inflammatory. Triptolide has been shown to inhibit the expression of IL-2 in activated T cells at the level of purine-box/nuclear factor and NF-κB mediated transcription activation. It synergizes with cyclosporin A in promoting graft survival in animal models and in suppression of graft versus host disease in allogeneic bone marrow transplants. In addition, it induces apoptosis in tumor cells and potentiates tumor necrosis factor (TNFα) induction of apoptosis in part through the suppression of c-IAP2 and c-IAP1 induction.

Preparation Note

Triptolide is soluble in DMSO. The stock solution should be stored in DMSO at -20 deg C after reconstitution.


Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard



Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Chen Chen et al.
Nucleic acids research, 47(13), 6714-6725 (2019-05-28)
SPT6 is a conserved elongation factor that is associated with phosphorylated RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) during transcription. Recent transcriptome analysis in yeast mutants revealed its potential role in the control of transcription initiation at genic promoters. However, the mechanism by...
Chundong Song et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 19(1), 198-198 (2019-08-04)
Endothelial cell inflammation is a central event in the pathogenesis of numerous cardiovascular diseases, including sepsis and atherosclerosis. Triptolide, a principal bioactive ingredient of Traditional Chinese Medicine Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.F., displays anti-inflammatory actions in vivo. However, the mechanisms underlying these...
Stefano Giustino Manzo et al.
Cancer research, 72(20), 5363-5373 (2012-08-29)
Triptolide is a bioactive ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine that exhibits diverse biologic properties, including anticancer properties. Among its many putative targets, this compound has been reported to bind to XPB, the largest subunit of general transcription factor TFIIH, and...
Xiang Wang et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 310, 32-40 (2016-08-25)
Triptolide (TP), derived from the medicinal plant Triterygium wilfordii Hook. f. (TWHF), is a diterpene triepoxide with variety biological and pharmacological activities. However, TP has been restricted in clinical application due to its narrow therapeutic window especially in reproductive system....
Yang Huang et al.
Spine, 44(12), E707-E714 (2019-06-01)
The effect of triptolide on spinal cord injury (SCI) and inflammatory response was observed by establishing SCI rat model. And in vitro experiments were conducted to determine the underlying mechanism of triptolide-mediated in murine microglial cell line BV2. To determine...
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