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T3824

Sigma-Aldrich

Tyrosinase from mushroom

lyophilized powder, ≥1000 unit/mg solid

Sinónimos:
Monophenol Monooxygenase, Catechol Oxidase, Monophenol, dihydroxyphenylalanine:oxygen oxidoreductase, Polyphenol Oxidase
Número de CAS:
Comisión internacional de enzimas:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.54

form

lyophilized powder

Quality Level

specific activity

≥1000 unit/mg solid

mol wt

119.5 kDa by electrophoresis
128 kDa by sedimentation velocity diffusion
133 kDa by LS

Featured Industry

Diagnostic Assay Manufacturing

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.

−20°C

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General description

Isoelectric point (pI): 4.7-5
pH optimum is 6-7

Molecular weight: 128 kDa by sedimentation velocity diffusion; 133 kDa by light-scattering measurements, and 119.5 kDa by electrophoresis.

Tyrosinase is a copper-containing oxidase, which has activity for both catechols and cresol. It is responsible for browning reactions. The enzyme is reported to have two binding sites for aromatic substrates and a different binding site for oxygen-copper. The copper is probably Cu(I), with inactivation involving oxidation to Cu(II) ion.
Tyrosinase is a copper-containing oxidase with activity for catechols and cresol. Tyrosinase participates in the conversion of tyrosine to dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), and polymerization of DOPA leads to melanin formation. Tyrosinase has a role in browning reactions. The enzyme is said to have two binding sites for aromatic substrates and a distinct binding site for oxygen-copper.

Application

Tyrosinase activity has been assessed in a study that developed an alternative therapeutic agent for treating hyperpigmentation. Tyrosinase has also been used in a study to investigate the oculocutaneous albinism phenotype in the Pakistani population.

Packaging

250000, 500000, 1000000 units in poly bottle
25000, 50000 units in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Converts tyrosine to L-DOPA or tyramine to dopamine

Physical properties

Isoelectric point (pI): 4.7-5
pH optimum is 6-7

Molecular weight: 128 kDa by sedimentation velocity diffusion; 133 kDa by light-scattering measurements, and 119.5 kDa by electrophoresis.

Unit Definition

One unit = ΔA280 of 0.001 per min at pH 6.5 at 25 °C in 3 mL reaction mix containing L-tyrosine.

pictograms

Health hazard

signalword

Danger

hcodes

Hazard Classifications

Resp. Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificado de Análisis

Certificado de origen

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How can Tyrosinase from mushroom, Product T3824, be dissolved and what is its expected stability in solution?

    Tyrosinase can be dissolved in 50 mM potassium phosphate buffer at 2 mg/mL.  Solutions are expected to retain activity for several days in the refrigerator (2-8°C) and for several weeks in the freezer (-20°C).

  4. The website says Product T3824, Tyrosinase from mushroom, should be stored at -20°C, but I received it at room temperature. Is this correct?

    The product is shipped at ambient temperature and is stable for up to two weeks during shipment.  Once received, it is recommended to store the product at -20°C to insure the quality for long term storage.

  5. I see that the approximate activity of Product T3824, Tyrosinase from mushroom, is  ?1000 unit/mg solid, but how can I find the lot specific activity of this tyrosinase?

    The certificate of analysis for the lot will report the exact tyrosinase activity for a particular batch. The lot number can be found on the label of the bottle, or you can call technical service (800-325-5832) for a sample lot number to view the online certificate of analysis.

  6. I used to order another tyrosinase (Product No. T7755), which has since been discontinued. What is the difference between the replacement product T3824 and the discontinued product T7755?

    The difference between these two products is that T3824 has been stabilized with trehalose, while T7755 was not.

  7. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  8. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  9. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

A T S Jorge et al.
International journal of cosmetic science, 34(5), 435-440 (2012-06-29)
Several treatments for skin whitening are available today, but few of them are completely adequate, especially owing to the carcinogenic potential attributed to classical drugs like hydroquinone, arbutin and kojic acid. To provide an alternative and safer technology for whitening...
Shilpi Goenka et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 25(16) (2020-08-13)
Previous studies have reported that estrogen hormone promotes melanogenesis while progesterone inhibits it. A selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), tamoxifen, has been shown to promote melanogenesis; however, to date, there have been no reports on the effects of a selective...
Rongchao Zhang et al.
Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2020, 2582579-2582579 (2020-08-11)
Whitening cosmetics market has a bright future, and pure natural whitening products of traditional Chinese medicine have always been a research hotspot. In this research, the whitening active ingredient of Chinese medicine Trichosanthes pulp was isolated and purified for the...
Malte Rolff et al.
Chemical Society reviews, 40(7), 4077-4098 (2011-03-19)
The critical review describes the known dicopper systems mediating the aromatic hydroxylation of monophenolic substrates. Such systems are of interest as structural and functional models of the type 3 copper enzyme tyrosinase, which catalyzes the ortho-hydroxylation of tyrosine to DOPA...
Thomas J Jaworek et al.
Orphanet journal of rare diseases, 7, 44-44 (2012-06-28)
Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is caused by a group of genetically heterogeneous inherited defects that result in the loss of pigmentation in the eyes, skin and hair. Mutations in the TYR, OCA2, TYRP1 and SLC45A2 genes have been shown to cause...

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