T5192

Sigma-Aldrich

Anti-γ-Tubulin antibody produced in rabbit

affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution

Sinónimos:
Anti-γ-Tubulin
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biological source

rabbit

Quality Level

antibody form

affinity isolated antibody

antibody product type

primary antibodies

clone

polyclonal

form

buffered aqueous solution

mol wt

antigen 48 kDa

species reactivity

chicken, human

packaging

antibody small pack of 25 μL

application(s)

indirect immunofluorescence: 1:1,000 using methanol/acetone-fixed chicken fibroblasts cells
western blot: 1:1,000 using whole cell extract human epidermal carcinoma A431 cell line

conjugate

unconjugated

UniProt accession no.

storage temp.

−20°C

Gene Information

human ... TUBG1(7283), TUBG2(27175)

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General description

γ-Tubulin, mapped on human chromosome 17q21.2, codes for a member of the tubulin family. It is localized to the microtubule organizing centres. γ-Tubulin consists of two isoforms tubulin γ 1 (TUBG1) and tubulinγ 2 (TUBG2) with 97.3% amino acid identity. In addition to these two isoforms, γ-tubulin pseudogene (TUBG1P) is also been identified on human chromosome 17. Human TUBG1 and TUBG2 transcripts are widely expressed in preimplantation embryos and the brain, respectively. γ-tubulin is a component of γ-tubulin ring complex (γ-TuRC), which has roughly the same diameter as a microtubule. γ-Tubulin does not polymerize with α-tubulin/β-tubulin, but instead it is localized to the centrosome and to the cytoplasm.

Immunogen

synthetic peptide corresponding to the N-terminal region of human γ-tubulin (amino acids 38-53, with C-terminally added lysine) conjugated to KLH. This sequence is specific for γ-tubulin and not found in other members of the tubulin family such as α− β−, δ and ε− tubulins. This sequence is identical in mouse and rat γ-tubulin and highly conserved among species (Drosophila, Aspergillus, and yeast γ-tubulin).

Application

Anti-γ-Tubulin antibody produced in rabbit has been used in following studies:
  • Immunocytochemistry.
  • Immunofluorescence.
  • Immunoblotting.
  • Staining in microscopy.
  • Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP).

Biochem/physiol Actions

γ-Tubulin nucleates microtubule assembly throughout the mammalian cell cycle in vivo. In Aspergillus nidulans, γ-tubulin facilitates attachment of microtubules to the spindle pole body, nuclear division and microtubule assembly. Ubiquitination of γ-tubulin by breast cancer 1 protein (BRCA1) is a crucial step in the regulation of centrosome number. Overexpression of γ-tubulin is observed in lung cancer. Tubulin γ 2 (TUBG2) plays a vital role in cell growth. Aberration in the γ-tubulin gene alters microtubule assembly. The expression levels of γ-tubulin can be considered as an important prognostic indicator for patients with astrocytomas.

Physical form

Solution in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4, containing 1% bovine serum albumin, and 15 mM sodium azide

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

A phenanthrene derived PARP inhibitor is an extra-centrosomes de-clustering agent exclusively eradicating human cancer cells.
Castiel A
BMC Cancer, 11:412 (2011)
BRCA1-BARD1 complexes are required for p53Ser-15 phosphorylation and a G1/S arrest following ionizing radiation-induced DNA damage.
Fabbro M
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279(30), 31251-31258 (2004)
Role of nucleophosmin in embryonic development and tumorigenesis.
Grisendi S
Nature, 437(7055), 147-153 (2005)
Kim Moran-Jones et al.
Cancer research, 69(24), 9219-9227 (2009-11-26)
Largely owing to widespread deployment of microarray analysis, many of the transcriptional events associated with invasive cell migration are becoming clear. However, the transcriptional drives to invasive migration are likely modified by alternative splicing of pre-mRNAs to produce functionally distinct...
Banafsheh Etemad et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8987-8987 (2015-12-02)
The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) is a genome surveillance mechanism that protects against aneuploidization. Despite profound progress on understanding mechanisms of its activation, it remains unknown what aspect of chromosome-spindle interactions is monitored by the SAC: kinetochore-microtubule attachment or the...
Artículos
Microtubules of the eukaryotic cytoskeleton are composed of a heterodimer of α- and β-tubulin. In addition to α-and β-tubulin, several other tubulins have been identified, bringing the number of distinct tubulin classes to seven.
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